The Charles Dowler House is an historic house at 581 Smith Street in Providence, Rhode Island. It is a 1-1/2 story mansard-roofed wood frame structure, built in 1872 by Charles Dowler, a local artist. The building typifies a cottage ornée, or decorated cottage, a building style popular in the 1860s and 1870s. It is an elaborately decorated Second Empire structure, with an asymmetrical T layout, detailed decoration in the dormers which pierce the fish-scale-shingled mansard roof, and a porch in the crook of the T which is supported by Corinthian columns. The interior retains both extensive period woodwork and wall paintings.