Charles E. Bell
Charles E. Bell (born 1858), often known as C.E. Bell, was an American architect of Council Bluffs, Iowa and Minneapolis, Minnesota. He worked alone and in partnership with John H. Kent and Menno S. Detweiler. He also worked as part of Bell, Tyrie and Chapman. A number of his works are listed on the U.S. National Register of Historic Places.
Biography and career
Bell was born in McLean County, Illinois on March 31, 1858, and was educated at West Town Boarding School, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S. In 1880, he married Nellie Wickham, and they moved to Council Bluffs, Iowa in 1884.
Bell began his career as a carpenter and worked on the construction of the post office in Council Bluffs. He and John Kent established a partnership, and won the competition to design the Montana State Capitol. They opened an office in Helena, Montana for the project.
Bell moved to Minneapolis, Minnesota and set up a partnership with Menno Detweiler. From 1904 until Detweiler's death in 1907, Bell & Detweiler built courthouses throughout the midwest including Brown County Courthouse (Wisconsin), Delaware County Courthouse (Iowa), and Martin County Courthouse (Minnesota). In 1908, Bell joined architects George Augustus Chapman and William W. Tyrie in the firm Bell, Tyrie and Chapman, where he remained until 1913. Bell worked alone, with only brief partnerships, for the rest of his career and died on May 10, 1932 in Minneapolis.
Bells works include (with attribution):
- Brown County Courthouse, Beaux Arts, built 1910 (Bell), 100 S. Jefferson Street, Green Bay, Wisconsin, NRHP-listed.
- Cass County Courthouse, Beaux Arts, built 1904-1906 (Bell), South Ninth Street between Second and Third Avenues, Fargo, North Dakota, NRHP-listed.
- Delaware County Courthouse, Romanesque Revival, built 1894 (Bell), Main Street, Manchester, Iowa, NRHP-listed.
- Gov. S. H. Elrod House, Colonial Revival, built 1908 (Bell), 301 North Commercial Street, Clark, South Dakota, NRHP-listed.
- Grant County Courthouse, Classical Revival, built in 1915 (Bell; Bell & Detweiler), junction of Park Avenue and Main Street Milbank, South Dakota, NRHP-listed.
- One or more works in Harlan Courthouse Square Commercial District (Bell), Market, 6th, 7th, and Court Streets, around Courthouse Square Harlan, Iowa, NRHP-listed.
- Koochiching County Courthouse, Classical Revival, completed in 1909 (Bell), 4th Street and 7th Avenue, International Falls, Minnesota, NRHP-listed.
- Marshall County Courthouse, Renaissance, built in 1908 (Bell and Detweiler), 911 Vander Horck Avenue, Britton, South Dakota, NRHP-listed.
- Martin County Courthouse, Beaux Arts, built 1906-1907 (Bell), 201 Lake Avenue, Fairmont, Minnesota.
- Shelby County Courthouse, Romanesque, built 1893 (Bell), 7th and Court Streets, Harlan, Iowa, NRHP-listed.
- South Dakota State Capitol, built 1905–1910 (Bell), bounded by Broadway, Washington, and Capitol Avenues, Pierre, South Dakota, NRHP-listed.
- Woodford County Courthouse (Illinois), built 1897 (Bell), 115 North Main Street, Eureka, Illinois
- West, Carroll Van (Autumn 1987). "A Landscape of Statehood: The Montana State Capitol". Montana: The Magazine of Western History. 37 (4): 74.
- "Special Photograph Collections" (PDF). history.sd.gov. South Dakota State Historical Society. Retrieved June 23, 2017.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Lathrop, Alan K. (2010). Minnesota architects : a biographical dictionary. Minneapolis, Minnesota: University of Minnesota Press. pp. 16–17. ISBN 978-0-8166-4463-6.
- "A State Capitol. The Capitol Commission Let the Contract for Plans". Great Falls Tribune. Great Falls, Montana. March 20, 1898. p. 1. Retrieved June 24, 2017.
- "Court House and Jail: Designs Accepted for New Structures at Green Bay". The Oshkosh Northwestern. Oshkosh, Wisconsin. November 15, 1907. p. 1. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- "Delaware County Courthouse". npgallery.nps.gov. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- "Building Location Details: Martin County Courthouse". Archived from the original on 2012-06-06.
- "Gov. S. H. Elrod House". npgallery.nps.gov. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
- "Encyclopedia of the Great Plains - State and Provincial Capitols". Retrieved 6 July 2016.
- "Illinois Historic Sites Survey Inventory" (PDF). gis.hpa.state.il.us. Retrieved June 25, 2017.
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