Born in New York, Carryl became a second-generation successful businessman; and a stockbroker, who for 34 years starting in 1874 held a seat on the New York Stock Exchange. In 1869 he married Mary Wetmore. Their elder child was the poet and humorist Guy Wetmore Carryl. In 1882 Charles E. Carryl published his first work: Stock Exchange Primer.
His poem "The Walloping Window Blind" can be sung to the same tune as Ten Thousand Miles Away, using the same refrain (or with minor changes). It has been variously named "Capital Ship", "Blow, Ye Winds, Heigh-Ho", and "The Walloping Window-Blind". It was called "Capital Ship" by Bounding Main on their 2005 album Lost at Sea.