Charles Eric Dawson

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Charles Eric Dawson
Charles Eric Dawson.jpg
Dawson in 1991
Born(1922 -12-06)December 6, 1922
DiedFebruary 11, 1993(1993-02-11) (aged 70)
Scientific career
FieldsIchthyology

Charles Eric "Chuck" Dawson (December 6, 1922 – February 11, 1993) was a Canadian-American ecologist, ichthyologist, and taxonomist. He held expertise in gobies, flatfishes, and sand stargazers, and was considered "the ultimate authority" on pipefishes in the family Syngnathidae.[1][2]

Life[edit]

Dawson was born in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, but would eventually spend much of his career at the University of Southern Mississippi's Gulf Coast Research Laboratory in Ocean Springs, Mississippi, where he worked early as an administrator, then researcher, and museum curator. Over his long career Dawson wrote 150 publications, on the majority of which he was the sole author.[3] He recognized 52 Syngnathid genera and provided systematic reviews of most of them. His work culminated with his extensive review of all Indo-Pacific pipefishes.[4] He died as a result of a branchioloalveolar carcinoma in combination with other long-term lung ailments.[1]

Dawson served in the Canadian Army during World War II, losing an eye in the Battle of Dieppe, France. He also served in the United States Army and became a naturalized citizen in 1946.[1]

Fishes named in honor of Dawson include Syngnathus dawsoni (Herald, 1969), the chain pearlfish, Echiodon dawsoni Williams and Shipp, 1982, and the Brazilian goby Priolepis dawsoni Greenfield. The parasitic copepod Therodamas dawsoni Cressey, 1972, and the marine barnacle Octolasmis dawsoni Causey, 1960 also are named for him.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Overstreet, Robin M.; Poss, Stuart, G. (1993). "Charles Eric "Chuck" Dawson, 1922 - 1993 [In Memoriam]". Copeia. 1993 (3): 921–925. JSTOR 1447279.
  2. ^ Dawson, C.E. (1982). "Review of the Indo-Pacific pipefish genus Stigmatopora (Syngnathidae)". Records of the Australian Museum. 34 (13): 575–605. doi:10.3853/j.0067-1975.34.1982.243.
  3. ^ Poss, Stuart G.; Heal, Elizabeth (1993). "The Scientific Publications of Charles Eric Dawson (1948-1990)". Gulf and Caribbean Research. 9 (1): 69–73. doi:10.18785/grr.0901.08. Retrieved February 13, 2016.
  4. ^ Dawson, Charles Eric (1985). Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Gulf Coast Research Laboratory.