Charles Fairfax (soldier)

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For other people named Charles Fairfax, see Charles Fairfax (disambiguation).

Sir Charles Fairfax (c. 1567 – 17 September 1604) was an English soldier.

Fairfax was the fourth son of Sir Thomas Fairfax of Denton and Nun Appleton in Yorkshire, and brother of Thomas, first lord Fairfax. He was born in or about 1567, and when very young he went with his brother to serve under Sir Francis Vere in the Low Countries. Fairfax became a distinguished commander. At the battle of Nieuwport he rallied the English companies at a critical moment, and he was one of the defenders during the siege of Ostend. By desire of Francis Vere he went to the camp of the Archduke Albert as a hostage, and he fought in the breach when the Spanish forces assaulted the works in December 1601.

In May 1604 he was at the siege of Sluis, commanding troops which routed the Spanish general Luis de Velasco in the battle of Oostberg line. According to Dutch military historians François de Bas and F.J.G. Ten Raa, Fairfax later became commander of the English companies still fighting at Ostend.[1] He landed there on 7 June with five companies of reinforcements, but was killed in the last stages of fighting on 17 September, only three days before the general surrender of the stronghold.[2][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Reports". Great Britain. Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts: 117. 1936. 
  2. ^ Arshagouni Papazian, Mary (2003). ""Souldiers of one army" John Donne and the Army of the States General as an international Protestant crossroads, 1595-1625". John Donne and the Protestant Reformation: New Perspectives. Wayne State University Press. p. 187. ISBN 0814337597. 
  3. ^ "The peerage of Scotland: containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, ... collected from the public records, and ancient chartularies of this nation, ... Illustrated with copper-plates. By Robert Douglas, Esq;.". quod.lib.umich.edu. p. 118. Retrieved 2015-10-03. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Fairfax, Charles (fl.1604)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.