Charles Gibbons

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For other people named Charles Gibbons, see Charles Gibbons (disambiguation).
Charles Gibbons
Commissioner of Administration and Finance
In office
1961–1962
Governor John A. Volpe
Preceded by Charles F. Mahoney
Succeeded by William Waldron
Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
1953–1955
Preceded by Tip O'Neill
Succeeded by Michael F. Skerry
Minority Leader of the Massachusetts House of Representatives
In office
1955–1957
Preceded by Robert F. Murphy
Succeeded by Frank S. Giles
In office
1949–1953
Preceded by Tip O'Neill
Succeeded by Robert F. Murphy
Personal details
Born July 21, 1901
Grider, Kentucky
Died February 2, 1968 (aged 66)
Damariscotta, Maine
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Lillian Gibbons
Residence Stoneham, Massachusetts
Alma mater Barboursville Baptist College
Profession Parel delivery

Charles Gibbons (born July 21, 1901 – February 2, 1968) was a U.S. politician who served as the Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1953 to 1955 as a Republican. As of 2014, he is the last Republican to serve as Massachusetts Speaker of the House.

Early life[edit]

Gibbons was born on July 21, 1901 in a log cabin on his family's farm in Grider, Kentucky.[1] His father was a Baptist minister. Gibbons attended Barboursville Baptist College with the intention on becoming a teacher. From 1919 to 1925 he served in the United States Navy. He later worked for the Postal Telegraph Company. In 1932 he started The Minute Man Messenger Service.[2]

Political career[edit]

In 1940, Gibbons was an unsuccessful candidate for the Stoneham, Massachusetts Board of Selectmen. He ran again the following year and was elected easily. In 1942 he was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives. Gibbons soon became a major figure in state Republican politics. In 1949 he was elected Republican floor leader and four years later was elected Speaker of the House. The Republicans lost control of the House in 1955 and Gibbons spent the next two years as Minority Leader.[2] In 1956, Gibbons was the Republican nominee for Lieutenant Governor, but lost to Robert F. Murphy.[3] After the election he was elected Chairman of the Massachusetts Republican State Committee. In 1958, following the death of the Republicans' only gubernatorial candidate, George Fingold, Gibbons ran for the party's nomination as a write-in candidate.[4] He won the nomination, but lost the general election to incumbent Foster Furcolo 56%-43%.[5]

Commissioner of Administration and Finance[edit]

In 1961, Governor John A. Volpe appointed Gibbons to the position of Commissioner of Administration and Finance. After accepting the job he moved to Beacon Hill. In 1962 he was appointed Chairman of the State Government Center Commission.[2] On May 8, 1964, Gibbons was indicted on 23 counts of accepting bribes during his tenure as Commissioner of Administration and Finance. He was one of twenty-six people indicted by a special grand jury investigating corruption.[6]

Later life and death[edit]

Gibbons spent his later years in Wiscasset, Maine.[2] After over three and a half years without a trial, the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court ordered the Attorney General to start the trial by January 8, 1964.[7] On January 8, Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Backman told Suffolk Superior Court Judge Felix Forte that the government was "unable to proceed" and Forte dismissed all of the charges against Gibbons.[8]

Two days after the charges against him were dropped, Gibbons, who had been in ill health for some time, entered the hospital. He died on February 2, 1968.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1951-1952 Public Officers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Former Speaker Gibbons Dies". The Boston Globe. February 3, 1968. 
  3. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=413431
  4. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/CandidateDetail.html?CandidateID=71595
  5. ^ http://www.ourcampaigns.com/RaceDetail.html?RaceID=174323
  6. ^ "Jury Names 4 Politicos in Briberies". The Spokesman-Review. May 9, 1964. Retrieved 2010-07-12. 
  7. ^ "The delay in prosecution". The Boston Globe. January 11, 1968. 
  8. ^ "State Drops Charges vs. Gibbons". The Boston Globe. January 9, 1968. 
Party political offices
Preceded by
Ralph H. Bonnell
Chairman of the Massachusetts Republican State Committee
1956-1958
Succeeded by
Daniel E. McLean