Charles Gide

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Charles Gide
Gide, Charles.jpg
Born 29 June 1847
Uzès
Died February 1932
Paris
Nationality French
Field Theory of social economy
History of economic thought
School or
tradition
Historical school of economics

Charles Gide (French: [ʒid]; 1847–1932) was a French economist and historian of economic thought. He was a professor at the University of Bordeaux, at Montpellier, at Université de Paris and finally at Collège de France. His nephew was the author André Gide.

Academic work[edit]

An initiator of the Revue d'économie politique during 1887, Gide was a proponent of the French historical school of economics.[1]

Gide was one of the few endorsers of Léon Walras, as they shared a social philosophy, social activism, and disdain for the "Manchester-style" economics of the journalistes.[1]

Social activism[edit]

During the early 1880s Gide worked with Édouard de Boyve, initiator during 1884 of the cooperative Abeille Nîmoise, and with the former manufacturer Auguste Marie Fabre. These three men initiated the French cooperative philosophy that came to be known as the École de Nîmes. The Sociétés Coopératives de Consommation de France had its first national congress in Paris on 27 July 1885.[2] The journal l'Émancipation was initiated at this meeting, and was published first on 15 November 1886 in Nîmes. Gide, de Boyve and Fabre all contributed to the journal.[2]

As a Protestant Christian Socialist, Gide was involved with progressive politics in France, endorsing the université populaire philosophy after the Dreyfus Affair. He promoted the establishment of a School for Advanced Social Studies (École supérieure de sciences sociales) (1899). Additionally, he served among the early faculty of the École supérieure de journalisme de Paris.[3] Together with the School for Social Studies, it was established during 1899 as one of three grandes écoles developing from the Collège libre de science sociales initiated during 1895.

Gide endorsed the Union pour la Verite (League for Truth) created by philosopher Paul Desjardins during 1892 promoting the cause of the Jewish army officer Alfred Dreyfus during the political scandal involving him. Gide was interested in reform projects as well, such as the Alliance d'Hygiène Sociale (Alliance of Social Hygiene, created during 1905), and reported on the social economy exhibition at the Paris Exposition Universelle of 1900.[4]

Gide was a champion of the cooperative philosophy, including both agricultural and consumers' cooperatives, during the first third of the 20th century. His book, Consumers' Co-operative Societies, which was published first in French during 1904, and in English during 1921, is a classic of co-operative economics, in the tradition of Co-operative Federalism.[4]

Works[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "History of Economic Thought" Archived February 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The French Liberal School Website. Note: The French Liberal School had lost interest in serious economic theory by the 1830s.
  2. ^ a b Sanders, Huub (2002-08-01). "Les Sky Scratchers: Background". International Institute of Social History. Retrieved 2015-03-19. 
  3. ^ "Histoire" Archived June 30, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., Ecole Supérieure de Journalisme de Paris website, accessed 4 July 2011
  4. ^ a b Pierre-Yves Saunier, "Review of Marc Penin, 'Charles Gide 1847–1932. L’esprit critique'", History Net (H-Net)

Further reading[edit]

  • Marc Penin. Charles Gide 1847–1932. L’esprit critique. Paris: l'Harmattan (1998). ISBN 2-7384-6072-0

External links[edit]