In 1969 Charles Goldfarb, leading a small team at IBM, developed the first markup language, called Generalized Markup Language, or GML. Goldfarb coined the term GML, an initialism for the three researchers, Charles Goldfarb, Ed Mosher and Ray Lorie who worked on the project.
In 1974, he designed SGML and subsequently wrote the first SGML parser, ARCSGML. Goldfarb went on working to turn SGML into the ISO 8879 standard, and served as its editor in the standardization committee.
- The SGML Handbook, Oxford University Press (1991), ISBN 0-19-853737-9
- SGML Buyer's Guide, Prentice Hall (1998), ISBN 0-13-681511-1
- XML Handbook, Prentice Hall (1998), ISBN 0-13-081152-1
- Charles F. Goldfarb's SGML Homepage
- A Conversation with Charles F. Goldfarb
- XML Opportunities Knocking (Interview Part 2)
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