Charles Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers

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Charles II Gonzaga, Duke of Nevers
Carlo II Gonzaga.jpg
Portrait of Charles of Gonzaga-Nevers from Matthäus Merian's Theatrum Europaeum
Born (1609-10-22)22 October 1609
Died 30 August 1631(1631-08-30)
Noble family House of Gonzaga
Spouse(s) Maria Gonzaga, Marquise of Montferrat
Father Charles I, Duke of Mantua
Mother Catherine de Lorraine-Guise-Mayenne

Charles II Gonzaga (1609–1631) was the son of Charles I, Duke of Mantua and Catherine de Lorraine-Guise (also known as Catherine de Mayenne), he was the Duke of Nevers and Rethel, together with his father.

In 1621, he succeeded his uncle Henri de Lorraine-Guise as Duke of Mayenne.
In 1627 he married his cousin Maria Gonzaga, Marquise of Montferrat and heiress to the Duchy of Mantua. However, Cesare II Gonzaga, Duke of Guastalla and Emperor Ferdinand II rejected her claim to Mantua, leading to the War of Mantuan Succession (1628–1631).

Charles was never the proper Duke of Mantua since he died at Cavriana six years before his father. When the latter died in 1637, Charles's eight-year-old son, Charles II, became Duke of Mantua, his widow Maria acting as regent. His daughter Eleonora became Holy Roman Empress.


In December 1627 he married his cousin Maria Gonzaga, the marriage being arranged by Vincenzo II Gonzaga.

Charles and Maria had three children:


Preceded by
Henry of Lorraine
Duc de Mayenne
Succeeded by
Ferdinand Gonzaga