Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond
Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond and Lennox, 2nd Duke of Gordon, KG, GCVO (27 December 1845 – 18 January 1928), 7th Duke of Aubigny (French peerage in the French nobility), styled Lord Settrington until 1860 and Earl of March between 1860 and 1903, was a British politician and peer.
Background and education
Styled Lord Settrington from birth, he was born at Portland Place, London, the eldest son of Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 6th Duke of Richmond and Frances Harriett, daughter of Algernon Frederick Greville. He was educated at Eton between 1859 and 1863. In 1860 he became known as the Earl of March after his father succeeded to the dukedom.
Lord March joined the Grenadier Guards two years later, although he retired in 1869 after he was elected Member of Parliament for West Sussex. He represented that constituency until it was abolished for the 1885 general election, when he was returned to the House of Commons for the Chichester constituency. He held his seat until 1889. Around this time, he was appointed as an Ecclesiastical Commissioner, a position he occupied until 1903. He and his brother, Lord Algernon Gordon-Lennox, both served in the Second Boer War in South Africa, with Lord March in command of the Sussex Militia from his arrival in March 1901. He returned to England in June 1902, following the end of hostilities in South Africa the previous month.
On 27 September 1903, Gordon-Lennox succeeded his father as 7th Duke of Richmond and Lennox and 2nd Duke of Gordon (2nd creation). In 1904, King Edward VII made him a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order and a Knight of the Order of the Garter. He also served as Lord Lieutenant of several counties. He was Grand Master of the Sussex branch of the Freemasons from 1902. After his death, he was buried in Chichester Cathedral.
Richmond married firstly Amy Mary (24 June 1847 – 23 August 1879), daughter of Percy Ricardo of Bramley Park at Guildford in Surrey, and sister of Col Francis Ricardo of Cookham in Berkshire. They had three sons and two daughters.
After her death in August 1879, aged 32, he married secondly Isabel Sophie, daughter of William George Craven, in 1882. They had two daughters. Isabel died in November 1887, aged 24. Richmond remained a widower until his death in January 1928, aged 82.
He was succeeded in the dukedom by his eldest son, Charles. Richmond's second son Lord Esmé Gordon-Lennox was a Brigadier-General in the British Army, while his third and youngest son Lord Bernard Gordon-Lennox was a Major in the Army.
|Ancestors of Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond|
- thepeerage.com Charles Henry Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond
- "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning home". The Times (36790). London. 10 June 1902. p. 14.
- "Court News". The Times (36828). London. 24 July 1902. p. 5.
- "Amy Mary Ricardo". The Peerage. Retrieved 18 March 2016.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by The Duke of Richmond
- Charles Gordon-Lennox, 7th Duke of Richmond