Charles Gorman (speed skater)

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Charles Ingraham Gorman
Charles Ingraham Gorman, Speed Skater, Saint John, New Brunswick circa 1921.JPG
Gorman circa 1921
Personal information
Nickname(s) Charlie
Nationality Canadian
Born (1897-07-06)July 6, 1897
Saint John, New Brunswick
Died February 11, 1940(1940-02-11) (aged 42)
Saint John, New Brunswick
Residence Saint John, New Brunswick
Sport
Country Canada
Sport Speed skating
Retired 1928
Achievements and titles
World finals
  • 1926-27 - World Speed Skating Titles
Regional finals
  • 1924 - North American Outdoor Title
  • 1926-28 - North American Indoor Title
  • 1927 - Mid-Atlantic Title
National finals
  • 1924-26 - Canadian Outdoor Titles
  • 1927 - Canadian Indoor Title
  • 1927 - U.S. Outdoor Title
Olympic finals
Highest world ranking 1st (1926-27)
Updated on 20 March 2013.

Charles Gorman (July 6, 1897 – February 11, 1940) was a Canadian speed skater who competed in the 1924 Winter Olympics and in the 1928 Winter Olympics. Gorman dominated the sport of speed skating in North America during the mid-1920s, often being referred to as the "Man with the Million Dollar Legs" and the "Human Dynamo".[1]

Early life[edit]

Gorman was born in Saint John, New Brunswick.[2] At the age of 15, he won the Maritime speed skating title, his first championship.[3] He served in the First World War as a Corporal in the Canadian Expeditionary Force.[4] Although Gorman suffered a shrapnel wound in one leg during the war, he excelled at both baseball and speed skating upon his return to Canada, eventually turning down an offer from the New York Yankees in order to focus on skating.[1]

Career[edit]

Monument to Charles Gorman in Saint John, New Brunswick

In 1924, Gorman won his first Canadian outdoor championship and his first North American outdoor title. He fared less well at the 1924 Winter Olympics, finishing seventh in the 500 metres event and eleventh in the 1500 metres competition. He also participated in the 5000 metres event but did not finish. Gorman's approach to the sport proved to be more suited to the more combative North American system, where skaters all raced against each other at once, than to the European style used at the Olympics, where skaters raced in pairs against a clock.[1]

Gorman returned to previous form in 1926, winning both the Canadian outdoor and the North American indoor titles, and beating Olympic champion Clas Thunberg of Finland to claim the 1926 ISUA World Outdoor Speed Skating Championship. In 1927, Gorman claimed the mid-Atlantic, U.S. national outdoor, Canadian indoor championships, as well as both the international outdoor and indoor championships. Moreover, he retained his world title, and broke the world record for the 1/6 mile event.[1]

In the 1928 Winter Olympics, Gorman again finished seventh in the 500 metres event and twelfth in the 1500 metres competition. Gorman refused to compete in the 5000 metres competition, when officials ruled that there had been no interference when a competitor fell in Gorman's path during the 500 metres event.[1]

Legacy[edit]

Gorman held seven world records when he retired in 1928.[2] After a lengthy illness, he died in 1940. At his funeral, thousands lined the streets in Gorman's hometown of Saint John to pay their respects to the New Brunswick's first Winter Olympian.[5] He was inducted into Canada's Sports Hall of Fame in 1955,[1] and was inducted into the New Brunswick Sports Hall of Fame in 1970.[3]

In Saint John, an arena and a street are named after Gorman, and there is a monument to him in King's Square park. Fundraising efforts were undertaken in 2010 to erect a new memorial headstone at Gorman's grave in Old Cedar Hill Cemetery.[5]

External links[edit]

Media related to Charles Gorman at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Charles Gorman". Honoured Members. Canada's Sports Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on 21 December 2013. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  2. ^ a b West, J. Thomas. "Charles Gorman". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Charles Gorman". New Brunswick Sports Hall of Fame. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  4. ^ "Charles Ingraham Gorman". Find A Grave. Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  5. ^ a b "Tribute planned for Saint John speedskater". CBC News. 18 March 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2013.