Charles Grant, 1st Baron Glenelg
The Lord Glenelg
|President of the Board of Trade|
4 September 1827 – 11 June 1828
|Prime Minister||The Viscount Goderich |
The Duke of Wellington
|Preceded by||William Huskisson|
|Succeeded by||William Vesey-FitzGerald|
|Secretary of State for War and the Colonies|
18 April 1835 – 20 February 1839
|Monarch||William IV |
|Prime Minister||The Viscount Melbourne|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Aberdeen|
|Succeeded by||The Marquess of Normanby|
|Born||26 October 1778|
Kidderpore, Calcutta, British India
|Died||23 April 1866 (aged 87)|
|Political party||Tory |
|Alma mater||Magdalene College, Cambridge|
Background and education
Grant was born in Kidderpore, Bengal, India, the eldest son of Charles Grant, chairman of the directors of the British East India Company. His brother, Sir Robert Grant, was also an MP as well as Governor of Bombay. He was educated at Magdalene College, Cambridge, and became a fellow in 1802. He was called to the bar in 1807.
In 1811 Grant was elected to the British House of Commons as Member of Parliament for Inverness Burghs. He held that seat until 1818, when he was returned for Inverness-shire. He was a Lord of the Treasury from December 1813 until August 1819, when he became Chief Secretary for Ireland and a Privy Counsellor. In 1823 he was appointed Vice-President of the Board of Trade; from September 1827 to June 1828 he was President of the Board of Trade and Treasurer of the Navy.
Grant broke with the Tories over Reform and joined the Whigs (via the Canningite Tory splinter group). He was President of the Board of Control under Lord Grey and Lord Melbourne from November 1830 to November 1834. At the Board of Control Grant was primarily responsible for the Act of 1833 that altered the constitution of the Government of India. In April 1835 he became Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, and was created Baron Glenelg, of Glenelg in the County of Inverness. His term of office was a stormy one. His differences with Sir Benjamin d'Urban, Governor of Cape Colony, were serious; but more so were those with King William IV and others over the administration of Canada. Lord Glenelg was still Secretary when the Canadian rebellion broke out in 1837; his policy was fiercely attacked in Parliament; he became involved in disputes with Lord Durham, and the movement for his supersession found supporters even among his colleagues in the cabinet. In February 1839 Lord Glenelg resigned. He has been called the last of the Canningites.
Lord Glenelg died in Cannes, France in April 1866, aged 87. The barony became extinct on his death.
- public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Glenelg, Charles Grant". Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 121. This article incorporates text from a publication now in the
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Charles Grant