Charles Gray Round

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Charles Gray Round
Charles Gray Round (detail).jpg
Round in 1863
Born(1797-01-28)28 January 1797
Died1 December 1867(1867-12-01) (aged 70)

Charles Gray Round (28 January 1797 – 1 December 1867) was a barrister and the Conservative member of parliament (MP) for North Essex 1837–47.[1] He also served as Recorder for Colchester, and as a magistrate and Deputy Lieutenant for Essex, as well as being a substantial local landowner and notable.[2]

Round was educated at Winchester then Felsted (1810–1814), and graduated from Balliol College, Oxford, with first class honours in classics in 1818 (BA) and 1821 (MA); he was called to the Bar by Lincoln's Inn in 1822.[2] Round was always regarded as "a very able and intelligent lawyer", though not an eloquent pleader.[2] He served as Chairman of the Essex Quarter Sessions, a post which he held for twenty years, and as Recorder of Colchester for nearly thirty. Round was an active magistrate for Essex and a warm supporter of most of the religious societies connected with the Church of England.[2] He was also a founding member of the Essex Archaeological Society. Politically, he was elected unopposed to become an MP for North Essex in 1837, a seat which he held until 1847, when he stood for the University of Oxford, but failed to win that, losing to William Ewart Gladstone.[2][3]

Round inherited from his father (also Charles) a great deal of land in Colchester, including Birch Hall, which he rebuilt 1843–8 as "a handsome mansion in the plain Ionic order".[4] In the same way he took possession of Colchester Castle and the accompanying Castle Park, originally under the ownership of Charles Gray. Round resigned his position as Recorder of Colchester in 1863.[5] In 1838 he married his wife Emma Sarah (1819–1892); together they "promoted religion and education in the parish [of Birch], were diligent in charitable works, and provided some housing for estate workers."[6] Having no children,[2] he was succeeded as owner of Birch Hall by his nephew James Round.[4] In his will he provided for trustees to build sea defences near Clacton-on-Sea.[7]


  1. ^ "Lawyers in the new Parliament". Law Times. 46. 12 December 1868. p. 107.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Urba, Sylvanus (January 1868). "C. G. Round, Esq". The Gentleman's Magazine. p. 107.
  3. ^ Brock, Michael; Curthoys, M. C. (1997). The history of the University of Oxford. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 311–2. ISBN 0-19-951016-4.
  4. ^ a b Birch: Manors'. A History of the County of Essex. 10. 2001. pp. 44–46. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
  5. ^ "The Solicitors' Journal and Reporter". The Solicitors' Journal & Reporter. 7: 357. 14 March 1863. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
  6. ^ Birch: Introduction. A History of the County of Essex. 10. 2001. pp. 38–44. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
  7. ^ "No. 27737". The London Gazette. 22 November 1904. p. 7826.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Payne Elwes
Sir John Tyrell
Member of Parliament for North Essex
With: Sir John Tyrell
Succeeded by
William Beresford
Sir John Tyrell