Charles H. Eccleston
Parts of this article (those related to Sentencing is scheduled for April 18, 2016) need to be updated.July 2017)(
Charles H. Eccleston is an American author, consultant and lecturer in US National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA). Dr. Eccleston has received many awards including the National Association of Environmental Professional's (NAEP) Outstanding Achievement Award (2001), the NAEP's Outstanding Environmental Leadership Award (2010), and his college's Outstanding Alumni Award. He is listed in Marquis’ Who’s Who in the World and Who’s Who in America as one of the leading authorities on preparing Environmental Impact Statements (EIS) and the NEPA. He has written 10 books and authored over 70 environmental and scientific publications. His books are used by professionals and in university curriculum. His recent works include: The EIS Book, NEPA and Environmental Planning, Global Environmental Policy, Inside Energy, and Preparing NEPA Environmental Assessments. He developed a suite of peer-reviewed tools and techniques for improving and streamlining NEPA. Many of these tools are used by government agencies and in legal cases:
- Sufficiency Test: Tool for systematic determining "how much" information is sufficient to adequately describe a NEPA topic.
- P-EIS Scoping (P-EIS) Tool: Method for determining the appropriate scope of a programmatic EIS.
- Smithsonian Solution Tool: Systematic technique for determining how much an action can be changed before it triggers supplemental NEPA.
- Integrated NEPA/ISO 14001 EMS: Developed first model for integrating NEPA with an ISO 14001 EMS. Integrated EIA & EMS for Shell Houdini ECC Project.
- Decision-Based Scoping (DBS): Technique for determining appropriate scope of an EIS.
- Decision Identification Tree (DIT): Tool for identifying decision points in a DBS process.
- Non-Federal Assessment Tool: Tool for determining when an action is a "federal" action.
- Significant Departure Principle (SDP): Technique for resolving the Cumulative Impact Paradox (CIP).
- The Sphinx Scale: Technique for assessing cumulative significance.
- Cumulatively Significant Greenhouse Emissions Assessment: Technique for determining cumulative significance of greenhouse gas emissions. Also, Assessing Cumulative Significance of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Resolving The Paradox—The Sphinx Solution.
He was an employee of the United States Energy Department (DOE), and later worked at the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). Eccleston charged that to minimize public concern and opposition, NRC management had intentionally mislead the public by dismissing significant nuclear safety and environmental issues in the EISs prepared for re-licensing the nation's fleet of nuclear power reactors; specifically, NRC management stated that the risk posed by a nuclear accident, such as a full-scale meltdown, was so small that the agency could dismiss the issue from its EIS analysis. Using the Risk-Uncertainty Test, Eccleston concluded that such a sweeping assertion was scientifically irresponsible, particularly given the Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, and Fukushima accidents. He further concluded that NRC management concealed the actual risk posed to the nation, at large, by disregarding one of the basic EIS requirements to assess the cumulative risk of a major nuclear accident; specifically, he charged that NRC management had intentionally underestimated the actual the risk posed from over 100 operating nuclear reactors by approximately two orders of magnitude (100 times). A special Washington State Legislature Nuclear Power Task corroborated his findings in a section of their final report titled, "Doesn’t NRC address consequences of severe accident in EIS for relicensing?" (September 24, 2014).
Eccleston, a U.S. citizen who had been living in Davao City in the Philippines since 2011, was terminated from his employment at the NRC in 2010. He was detained by Philippine authorities in Manila, Philippines, on March 27, 2015, and deported to the United States to face U.S. criminal charges. He initially came to the attention of the FBI in 2013 after he entered a foreign embassy in Manila and offered to sell a list of over 5,000 e-mail accounts of all officials, engineers and employees of a U.S. government energy agency. He said that he was able to retrieve this information because he was an employee of a U.S. government agency, held a top secret security clearance and had access to the agency’s network. He asked for $18,800 for the accounts, stating they were “top secret.” When asked what he would do if that foreign country was not interested in obtaining the U.S. government information he was offering, he stated he would offer the information to China, Iran or Venezuela, as he believed these countries would be interested in the information. On February 2, 2016, he pled guilty to one count of "attempted unauthorized access and intentional damage to a protected computer". In his guilty plea, he admitted scheming to cause damage to the computer network of the DOE through e-mails that he believed would deliver a computer virus to particular employees. He was incarcerated as inmate number 68974-112 and was released on July 15, 2016.
- Eccleston C. (2004) Megacrises: A Survivor's Guide to the Future
- Eccleston C. (2008). NEPA and Environmental Planning: Tools, Techniques, and Approaches for Practitioners. CRC Press.
- Eccleston C., and March F. (2010). Global Environmental Policy: Principles, Concepts And Practice, CRC Press Inc.
- Eccleston C. (2011). Inside Energy: The Handbook for Implementing an ISO 50001 Energy Management Systems, CRC Press Inc.
- Eccleston C. (2011). Environmental Impact Assessment: A Guide to Best Professional Practices. CRC Press Inc.
- Eccleston C. (2014). The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. CRC Press.
- Eccleston C. (2017). Preparing NEPA Environmental Assessments: A Guide to Best Professional Practices. CRC Press.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-10-04. Retrieved 2017-07-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
- Mitigating cost and schedule risk from environmental litigation over DOD projects in Hawaii by Michael R. Stefani - thesis paper, Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.
- REVIEW: Theory and Practice of Strategic Environmental Assessment: Towards a More Systematic Approach"[permanent dead link] Sayre, Don, Fischer, Thomas B. Environmental Practice, 2009, Vol.11 (1), pp.61-62 "
- Eccleston, Charles H. (2014). The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. CRC Press. ISBN 1466583630.
- "Book Reviews". Environmental Practice Volume 10 / Issue 04 / December 2008, pp 185-186
- King, Thomas F. (2013). "BOOK REVIEW: Global Environmental Policy: Concepts, Principles, and Practice. Charles H. Eccleston and Frederic March, 2011. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. 460 pages. $104.95 hardcover (ISBN 978-1-4398-4766-4)". Environmental Practice. 15 (1): 90. doi:10.1017/S146604661200052X – via Cambridge Core.
- Eccleston C., March F., and Cohen T., Inside Energy: The Handbook for Implementing an ISO 50001 Energy Management Systems, CRC Press Inc. (Lewis Press)
- Eccleston C., Preparing NEPA Environmental Assessments: A Users Guide to Best Professional Practices, CRC Press Inc., 300 pages (publication date: March 2012).
- Eccleston, C. NEPA and Environmental Planning: Tools, Techniques, and Approaches for Practitioners. CRC Press. (2008) ISBN 9780849375590.
- Eccleston, C. The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. Chapter 6. CRC Press. (2014) ISBN 1466583630.
- Eccleston C.,. (1998). A strategy for integrating NEPA with EMS and ISO 14000. Environmental Quality Management Journal, 7(3), 9–17.
- Islam, Safiq. "Integrated EIA & EMS for Shell Houdini ECC Project" – via www.academia.edu.
- Eccleston, C. The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. Chapter 6. CRC Press. (2014) ISBN 1466583630.Eccleston, C. NEPA and Environmental Planning: Tools, Techniques, and Approaches for Practitioners. CRC Press. (2008) ISBN 9780849375590.
- Cumulative Impact Paradox and Greenhouse Emission Paradox: Law Professor, Madeline June Kass, A NEPA Climate Paradox: Taking Greenhouse Gases Into Account In Threshold Significance Determinations.
- Eccleston, Charles H. (2010). "Research Article: Assessing Cumulative Significance of Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Resolving the Paradox—The Sphinx Solution". Environmental Practice. 12 (2): 105–115. doi:10.1017/S1466046610000207.
- "Ex-Energy Department Employee Accused of Trying to Sell U.S. Nuclear Secrets". Wall Street Journal, May 8, 2015.
- Eccleston C. (2010). Preparing Environmental Assessments, Chapter 8, "Assessing Significance", CRC Press.
- 40 CFR 1508.7
- Eccleston, Charles H. (2014). The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. Chapter 1. CRC Press. ISBN 1466583630.
- Eccleston, Charles H. (2014). The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. Chapter 5. CRC Press. ISBN 1466583630.
- Eccleston C., Preparing NEPA Environmental Assessments: A Users Guide to Best Professional Practices, Chapter 8, CRC Press Inc., 300 pages (2012).
- The Nuclear Regulatory Commission and NEPA Review, Journal of Environmental Quality Management, Autumn 2012. (16 pages)
- "NRC's Nuclear License Renewal Program" (PDF).
- "Former U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Employee Pleads Guilty to Attempted Spear-Phishing Cyber-Attack on Department of Energy Computers". www.justice.gov. 2 February 2016.
- "Inmate Locator". www.bop.gov. Retrieved 2018-12-10.
- Eccleston, Charles H. (2008-03-18). NEPA and Environmental Planning: Tools, Techniques, and Approaches for Practitioners. ISBN 978-0849375590.
- Eccleston, Charles H.; March, Frederic (2010-11-15). Global Environmental Policy: Concepts, Principles, and Practice. ISBN 978-1439847664.
- Eccleston, Charles H.; March, Frederic; Cohen, Timothy (2011-12-07). Inside Energy: Developing and Managing an ISO 50001 Energy Management System. ISBN 978-1439876701.
- Eccleston, Charles H. (2013-12-13). The EIS Book: Managing and Preparing Environmental Impact Statements. ISBN 978-1466583634.
- "Preparing NEPA Environmental Assessments: A User's Guide to Best Professional Practices".