Charles Hawker

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The Honourable
Charles Hawker
Charles Hawker.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Wakefield
In office
12 October 1929 – 25 October 1938
Preceded by Maurice Collins
Succeeded by Sydney McHugh
Personal details
Born (1894-05-16)16 May 1894
Clare, South Australia
Died 25 October 1938(1938-10-25) (aged 44)
Mount Dandenong, Victoria
Nationality Australian
Political party Nationalist (1929–31)
UAP (1931–38)
Alma mater Cambridge University
Occupation Soldier

Charles Allan Seymour Hawker (16 May 1894 – 25 October 1938) was an Australian politician. He was a member of the Australian House of Representatives for Wakefield from 1929 until his accidental death in 1938, representing the Nationalist Party (1929-1931) and its successor the United Australia Party (1931-1938). He was Minister for Repatriation and Minister for Markets (later Commerce) in the Lyons government from 1931 to 1932.

Early life and war service[edit]

Hawker was born at Bungaree homestead, near Clare, South Australia. He was the second son of Michael Seymour Hawker, manager of the Hawker family stations, and his wife Elizabeth Begg, née McFarlane, and grandson of George Charles Hawker . Hawker was educated at Geelong Grammar School, Hawker and Trinity College, Cambridge, earning Bachelor and Master of Arts degrees in 1919 and 1922 respectively.

While studying at Cambridge, he enlisted for service in World War I on 11 August 1914, and was commissioned as a temporary lieutenant in the 6th (Service) Battalion of the Somerset Light Infantry on 1 August 1915. He saw action on the Western Front in the Ypres salient, and was injured on 11 August and again in the Battle of Loos on 25 September, resulting in the loss of his eye. Despite his injuries, Hawker returned to the front with the rank of Captain in May 1917. Hawker was severely wounded again on 4 October 1917 in the Battle of Broodseinde, and was paralysed from the waist down. However, after a series of operations and rehabilitation, he was able to walk with two sticks, although his legs remained in surgical irons for the rest of his life.[1][2]

Hawker returned to South Australia in 1920, resumed his studies and became involved in family agricultural holdings. He became increasingly interested in trade as well as in political movements. Hawker joined the state council of the Returned Sailors' and Soldiers' Imperial League of Australia in 1921 and served as its vice-president. He was president of the Liberal Federation from 1927 to 1930, and was the South Australian member of the Commonwealth Board of Trade from 1928.[3][2]

Political career[edit]

In 1929 was elected as a member of the Australian House of Representatives, representing the electorate of Wakefield for the United Australia Party. He was appointed Minister for Markets and Minister for Repatriation in first ministry of Prime Minister Joseph Lyons and was the youngest member of the ministry. On 12 April 1932 he was replaced as Minister for Repatriation by Charles Marr and the Markets portfolio was renamed Commerce. On 23 September 1932, he resigned from the ministry in protest at its refusal to reduce parliamentary salaries in response to the Great Depression, having crossed the floor to vote as a minority in a controversial day in Parliament, and did not serve as a minister again, although he continued to represent the people of Wakefield as their elected representative.[2]

Hawker travelled extensively, researching issues of trade and farming, and he published his research in pamphlets and treatises and gave lectures on issues of agriculture and pastoral work.[4]

Hawker died in the Kyeema airplane disaster near Mount Dandenong, Victoria in 1938.[5] A memorial was established at St Michael's Catholic Church at Bungaree.[6] The Australian Electoral Division of Hawker and the Canberra suburb of Hawker, Australian Capital Territory are named in his honour, and the Charles Allan Seymour Hawker Scholarship was established by his sister Kathleen Lilias Needham in 1991 to fund Australian university education.[7] His cousin, David Hawker, was Speaker of the Australian House of Representatives from 2004 to 2007.[8][9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MR. C. A. S. HAWKER.". The Areas' Express. XLIX, (2975). South Australia. 19 February 1926. p. 2. Retrieved 26 October 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  2. ^ a b c Van Dissel, Dirk (1983). "Hawker, Charles Allan Seymour (1894–1938)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  3. ^ "MR. C. A. S. HAWKER". Burra Record. 50, (39). South Australia. 2 October 1929. p. 3. Retrieved 26 October 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  4. ^ Agriculture in Germany and Russia', Border Watch, Saturday 29 February 1936 [1]
  5. ^ "The crash of Kyeema" (PDF). Civil Aviation Safety Authority. 2006. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 12 January 2008. 
  6. ^ "MEMORIAL SERVICE TO THE LATE MR. C.A.S. HAWKER, M.H.R.". Northern Argus. LXIV, (3,725). South Australia. 4 November 1938. p. 7. Retrieved 26 October 2016 – via National Library of Australia. 
  7. ^ "History of the Charles Allan Seymour Hawker Scholarship Trust Fund". Charles Allan Seymour Hawker Scholarship. Retrieved 12 January 2008. 
  8. ^ Hawker, David (16 November 2004). "Address to the House of Representatives: [opening of 41st Parliament].". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
  9. ^ "The Hon David Hawker MP". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 26 October 2016. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Parker Moloney
Minister for Markets
Minister for Commerce

1932
Succeeded by
Joseph Lyons
Preceded by
John McNeill
Minister for Repatriation
1932
Succeeded by
Charles Marr
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
Maurice Collins
Member for Wakefield
1929–38
Succeeded by
Sydney McHugh