Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Carlisle
PC
Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt.jpg
First Lord of the Treasury
In office
23 May 1715 – 10 October 1715
MonarchGeorge I
Preceded byThe Earl of Halifax
Succeeded byRobert Walpole
In office
30 December 1701 – 8 May 1702
MonarchAnne
Preceded byThe Earl of Godolphin
Succeeded byThe Duke of Marlborough
Member of Parliament
for Morpeth
In office
1689–1692
Serving with Roger Fenwick
MonarchWilliam III and Mary II
Preceded bySir Henry Pickering
Succeeded byGeorge Nicholas
Personal details
BornCharles Howard
1669
Died1 May 1738
Bath, Somerset
Kingdom of England
Spouse(s)Anne de Vere Capell

Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle, PC (c. 1669 – 1 May 1738) was a British nobleman, peer, and statesman.

Charles Howard was the eldest son of Edward Howard, 2nd Earl of Carlisle, and inherited his title on the death of his father in 1692. He married in 1683 Lady Anne de Vere Capell, daughter of Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex.

He was elected as MP for Morpeth in 1689. He was appointed Governor of Carlisle from 1693 to 1728 and Lord-Lieutenant of Cumberland and of Westmorland from 1694-1714. William III made him a Gentleman of the Bedchamber between 1700 and 1702, First Lord of the Treasury from 1701 to 1702 and Privy Counsellor in 1701. He acted as Earl Marshal between 1701 and 1706 because his cousin, the Duke of Norfolk, was a minor. On Queen Anne's death on 1 August 1714 he was appointed Lord Justice of the Realm until the arrival of King George I on 18 September 1714. The new king reappointed him as First Lord of the Treasury from 23 May 1715 to 10 October 1715 and made him Constable of the Tower of London between 1715 and 1722.[1]

From 1699 to 1709 Carlisle was involved with the fraudulent schemes of pirate John Breholt. First Carlisle backed a plan to dive on and salvage a supposed wreck off Havana - Breholt even named his ship Carlisle - which came to naught, after which Breholt let slip that he intended to sail for Cape Verde and then to Madagascar to engage in outright piracy. A few years later Carlisle backed Breholt's plan (presented directly to Queen Anne) to pardon the pirates of Madagascar and have them return to England with their collected wealth. This scheme fell apart when Breholt's pirate past was exposed.[2]

In 1699 he commissioned a new Baroque mansion, Castle Howard, in Yorkshire, England to the design of Sir John Vanbrugh which is still occupied by his descendants.

He died in Bath in 1738 and is buried in the mausoleum at Castle Howard. He had six children:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Charles Howard, 3rd Earl of Carlisle". The Peerage. 6 October 2013.
  2. ^ McGrath (ed.), Charles Ivar; Fauske (ed.), Christopher J.; Bialuschewski, Arne (2008). Greed, Fraud, and Popular Culture: John Breholt's Madagascar Schemes of the Early Eighteenth Century (in Money, Power, and Print: Interdisciplinary Studies on the Financial Revolution in the British Isles). Newark NJ: Associated University Presses. pp. 104–113. ISBN 9780874130270. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Sir Henry Pickering, Bt
Theophilus Oglethorpe
Member of Parliament for Morpeth
1689–1692
With: Roger Fenwick
Succeeded by
Roger Fenwick
George Nicholas
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Godolphin
First Lord of the Treasury
1701–1702
Succeeded by
The Duke of Marlborough
Preceded by
The Earl of Halifax
First Lord of the Treasury
1715
Succeeded by
Robert Walpole
New office Master of the Harriers
1730–1738
Succeeded by
The Lord Walpole
Military offices
Preceded by
Jeremiah Bubb
Governor of Carlisle
1693–1738
Succeeded by
John Folliot
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir John Lowther
Lord Lieutenant of Cumberland and Westmorland
1694–1738
Succeeded by
The 3rd Viscount Lonsdale
Preceded by
The 1st Viscount Lonsdale
Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland
1700–1714
Succeeded by
The Earl of Thanet
Preceded by
The Earl of Thanet
Custos Rotulorum of Cumberland
1715–1738
Succeeded by
The 3rd Viscount Lonsdale
Preceded by
The Earl of Northampton
Constable of the Tower
1715–1722
Succeeded by
The Earl of Lincoln
Preceded by
Hatton Compton
Lord Lieutenant of the Tower Hamlets
1717–1722
Preceded by
The Viscount Cobham
Constable and Governor of Windsor Castle
1723–1730
Succeeded by
The Duke of St Albans
Preceded by
The Earl of Peterborough and Monmouth
Senior Privy Counsellor
1735–1738
Succeeded by
The Duke of Somerset
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Edward Howard
Earl of Carlisle
1692–1738
Succeeded by
Henry Howard