Charles Hutton Gregory

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Charles Hutton Gregory
Sir Charles Hutton Gregory.jpg
Born 14 October 1817
Woolwich, London
Died 10 January 1898(1898-01-10) (aged 80)
Nationality British
Occupation Engineer
Engineering career
Discipline civil engineer
Institutions Institution of Civil Engineers (president)
Significant advance railway semaphore signalling
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Funerary monument, Brompton Cemetery, London

Sir Charles Hutton Gregory KCMG (14 October 1817 – 10 January 1898)[1] was an English civil engineer. He was president of the Institution of Civil Engineers between December 1867 and December 1869.[2]

Charles was the son of Dr Olinthus Gilbert Gregory, a master of mathematics at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich. The chair of mathematics at that time was held by Charles Hutton, who acted as Dr. Gregory's patron. It was in Hutton's honour that Charles was named.[1]

Gregory was consulting engineer of several major railway construction works, including those in Ceylon, Trinidad, Cape Colony, Perak and Selangor.[1] He was the first to use railway semaphore signalling which he employed on the London and Croydon and the South Eastern Railways in 1842-3. This method later superseded all others and was dominant from 1870.[3] In 1882 he was a member of the Channel Tunnel Committee and in 1886 was a Royal Commissioner for the Colonial and Indian Exhibition.

He was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG) in 1876,[4] and appointed KCMG in May 1884.[5]

In 1894, he married Fanny Stirling, an actress who died the following year.[6] Gregory died in London on 10 January 1898, and was interred in Brompton Cemetery.[1]


  • Practical Rules for the Management of a Locomotive Engine: In the Station, on the Road, and in cases of Accident (London, 1841)


  1. ^ a b c d New York Times Obituary (11 January 1898)
  2. ^ Watson, Garth (1988), The Civils, London: Thomas Telford Ltd, p. 251, ISBN 0-7277-0392-7 
  3. ^ The Origin of Railway Semaphore
  4. ^ "No. 24305". The London Gazette. 14 March 1876. p. 1899. 
  5. ^ "No. 25233". The London Gazette. 24 May 1883. p. 2731. 
  6. ^ Hartley, Cathy. A Historical Dictionary of British Women. Routledge. p. 413. ISBN 9781135355333. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 

External links[edit]

Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
John Fowler
President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
December 1867 – December 1869
Succeeded by
Charles Blacker Vignoles