Charles II, Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
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Charles II, Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (German: Karl II, Graf von Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen) (1547 – 8 April 1606) became Count of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1576 and remained so until his death. He was the fifth but second surviving son of Charles I, Count of Hohenzollern and Anna, daughter of Ernest, Margrave of Baden-Durlach.
Initially, he was educated in Vienna, and later in Freiburg im Breisgau jointly with his older brother Eitel Friedrich. Later, he assisted to the Aulic Council in Vienna, where his father served as president; there, he gained the trust and friendship of Ferdinand II, Archduke of Further Austria (son of Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I) and went into his service to Tyrol, being able to established good connections with the Holy Roman Empire, which was seen in 1570 when he was appointed Supreme Captain and Governor in Alsace. Two years later, Charles II took over the guardianship of Count Jakob of Geroldseck.
Under the rule of his father Charles I the possessions of the county of Zollern (who in the narrow sense where the districts of Sigmaringen, Böhringen, Haigerloch and Wehrstein) was still united. The three oldest sons were entitled to jointly inherit, but in 1576 they decided to contract a pact of inheritance, where they received each of them an economically equivalent part of the County, founding the three lines of Hohenzollern-Hechingen, Hohenzollern-Haigerloch, and Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
Charles II received the district of Sigmaringen with the monasteries of Hedingen and Inzigkofen and the County of Veringen. However, Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen had high inheritance taxes to paid to the Holy Roman Empire. A judgment of the Reichskammergericht in 1588 stated that the County of Sigmaringen was an imperial fief. However, this assessment was until 1806 called into question.
Charles II chose Sigmaringen as his main residence and rebuild Sigmaringen Castle. Between 1576 and 1606 he ordened the construction of the vault in the castle and a church next. In 1589 he acquired the Ratzenhofen Castle in the village of Sigmaringendorf. In 1595 he bought the district of Krauchenwies, which remained closely connected with the County of Sigmaringen until 1850, when was annexed by Prussia.
Marriages and Issue
- Ferdinand (24 August 1571 – 1 November 1571).
- Anna Marie (1 June 1573 – 1 June 1598), married on 15 February 1589 to Markus Fugger, Lord of Kirchberg-Weissenhorn in Kirchheim.
- Maria Magdalena (9 January 1574 – 2 January 1582).
- Barbara (11 January 1575 – 15 May 1577).
- Maria Jakobe (3 January 1577 – 18 March 1650), married on 14 April 1595 to Heinrich Truchsess of Waldburg-Wolfegg.
- Johann (17 August 1578 – 22 March 1638), the first Fürst (Prince) -elevated in 1623- of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.
- Karl (24 September 1579 – 23 March 1585).
- Euphrosyne (6 November 1580 – 4 February 1582).
- Eitel Friedrich (26 September 1582 – 19 September 1625), Cardinal (1621), Bishop of Osnabrück (1623-25).
- Maria Maximiliane (31 October 1583 – 11 September 1649), married firstly on 25 January 1598 to Joachim Ulrich, Freiherr z Hradce (von Neuhaus) and secondly on 25 October 1605 to Adam II of Sternberg.
- Ernst Georg (7 May 1585 – 19 April 1625), married on 18 February 1611 with Marie Jakobe of Raitenau, with he had two daughters.
- Maria Eleonore (29 October 1586 – 1668), married on 20 February 1605 with Johann Fugger the Elder, Count of Kirchberg-Weissenhorn.
- Maria Sabine (12 November 1587 – 1590).
- Jakob Friedrich (9 August 1589 – 25 August 1589).
- Maria (born and died 15 September 1590).
In Sigmaringen on 13 May 1591, Charles II married secondly with Elisabeth (1567 – 8 May 1620), a daughter of Floris, Freiherr of Palant and Count of Cuylenburg and widow of James III, Margrave of Baden-Hachberg. They had ten children:
- Maria Elisabeth (10 January 1592 – 28 October 1659), married firstly on 21 September 1608 with Count Johann Christoph of Hohenzollern-Haigerloch and secondly on 14 October 1624 with Count Karl Ludwig of Sulz, Landgraf in Klettgau.
- Georg Friedrich (16 March 1593 – 9 May 1593).
- Maria Salome (2 February 1595 – 10 November 1595).
- Maria Juliane (4 February 1596 – 1669).
- Philipp Eusebius (30 January 1597 – 3 November 1601).
- Christian (born and died 3 February 1598).
- Maria Cleopha (11 June 1599 – 26 February 1685), married firstly on 6 November 1618 with Johann Jakob, Count of Bronckhorst and Anholt and secondly on 29 March 1632 with Philippe-Charles, 3rd Count of Arenberg.
- Maria Christiane (22 May 1600 – 1634).
- Maria Katharine (24 November 1601 – 1602).
- Maria Amalie (1 January 1603 – ?).
- Gerhard Köbler: Historisches Lexikon der Deutschen Länder. Die deutschen Territorien vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart. 7. vollständig überarbeitete Auflage. C. H. Beck, München 2007, p. 293.
- Otto Hintze: Die Hohenzollern und ihr Werk 1415-1915. Verlag A. Steiger, Solingen 1982.
- Gustav Schilling: Geschichte des Hauses Hohenzollern in genealogisch fortlaufenden Biographien aller seiner Regenten von den ältesten bis auf die neuesten Zeiten, nach Urkunden und andern authentischen Quellen. Fleischer, Leipzig 1843, p. 263 [retrieved 6 April 2015].
- Günter Schmitt: Sigmaringen. In: Günter Schmitt: Burgenführer Schwäbische Alb. Band 3: Donautal. Wandern und entdecken zwischen Sigmaringen und Tuttlingen. Biberacher Verlagsdruckerei, Biberach 1990, pp. 41–62.
- Eduard Vehse: Geschichte der deutschen Höfe seit der Reformation. Band 40 = Abteilung 6: Geschichte der kleinen deutschen Höfe. Band 6. Hoffmann und Campe, Hamburg 1856, p. 80 [retrieved 6 April 2015].
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