Charles II, Elector Palatine

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Charles II, Elector Palatine
Charles II, Elector Palatine 01.jpg
Charles II, Elector Palatine
Born(1651-04-10)10 April 1651
(O.S.: 31 March 1651)
Died26 May 1685(1685-05-26) (aged 34)
Noble familyPalatine Simmern
Spouse(s)Princess Wilhelmina Ernestine of Denmark
FatherCharles I Louis, Elector Palatine
MotherCharlotte of Hesse-Kassel
Gartered coat of arms of Charles II, Elector Palatine, KG

Charles II (German: Karl II.; 10 April 1651, in Heidelberg – 26 May 1685, in Heidelberg) was Elector Palatine from 1680 to 1685.[1] He was the son of Charles I Louis, Elector Palatine and Charlotte of Hesse-Kassel.


His short reign was not glamorous. He appointed his incompetent former tutor Paul Hachenberg as chief minister, leaving his half-siblings, the "Raugraves", out of favour. He brought back his mother from Kassel and paid her immense debts. Charles was of a weak and timid nature, marked by familial childhood experiences. He showed a superficial enthusiasm for military life. Charles was a strict Calvinist. In 1671, his aunt, Electress Sophia of Hanover, arranged his marriage to Princess Wilhelmine Ernestine of Denmark, daughter of King Frederick III of Denmark. Their marriage was childless.[1]

Upon his death, the Electoral Palatinate passed to the Catholic Neuburg branch of the family. The rival claims to the Palatinate of his sister, Elizabeth Charlotte, Duchess of Orleans, Louis XIV of France's sister-in-law, was the pretext for the French invasion of the Palatinate in 1688, which began the Nine Years War.


Charles II, Elector Palatine
Born: 1651 Died: 1685
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Charles I Louis
Elector Palatine
Succeeded by
Philip William


  1. ^ a b Biographie, Deutsche. "Karl II. - Deutsche Biographie". (in German). Retrieved 2018-11-01.