Charles III, Duke of Elbeuf

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Charles III
Duke of Elbeuf
Charles III, Duke of Elbeuf.jpg
Born 1620[1]
Hôtel d'Elboeuf, Paris, France[1]
Died May 4, 1692(1692-05-04) (aged 71–72)
Hôtel d'Elboeuf, Paris, France
Spouse Anne Élisabeth de Lannoy
Élisabeth de La Tour d'Auvergne
Françoise de Montault de Navailles
Issue
Detail
Anne Élisabeth, Princess of Vaudémont
Henri, Duke of Elbeuf
Emmanuel Maurice, Duke of Elbeuf
Suzanne Henriette, Duchess of Mantua
Louise Anne, Princess of Navailles
House House of Lorraine
Father Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf
Mother Catherine Henriette de Bourbon

Charles III (1620–4 May 1692) was the third Duke of Elbeuf and member of the House of Lorraine. He succeeded his father Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf, to the Duchy-Peerage of Elbeuf. His mother was an illegitimate daughter of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées. He was also a Peer of France as well as titular Duke of Guise, Count of Harcourt, Lillebonne and Rieux.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born at the Hôtel d'Elboeuf in Paris, he was the eldest son of Charles II, Duke of Elbeuf, and his wife Catherine Henriette de Bourbon, legitimised daughter of Henry IV of France and Gabrielle d'Estrées.

A member of the House of Guise founded by Claude, Duke of Guise,[2] he was a male line descendant of René II, Duke of Lorraine.

His paternal first cousins included the Chevalier de Lorraine (lover of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans), Count of Armagnac; his maternal cousins included Louis XIV of France and the above mentioned Duke of Orléans.

He was known as the Count of Harcourt-Elbeuf while his father was alive; from circa 1650, he styled himself as the prince d'Harcourt, the county of Harcourt being one of the subsidiary titles of his father. He served in Italy (1641) and Picardy (1642) under the command of his uncle Henri, Count of Harcourt. Charles took great part in the Thirty Years' War; he was with le Grand Condé (then the Duke of Enghien) at the famous victory at Rocroi in 1643. He was also a part of battles at Thionville and Sierck, as well as the siege of Gravelines (1644); he latter fought in the Battle of Nördlingen (1645) as well as at Trier.

At the death of his father in November 1657, he became Duke of Elbeuf as well as a Peer of France. Some time after in 1661, Louis XIV started his personal reign and named Charles as the Governor General of Picardy and Artois, a post his father had previously occupied.

He married three times and had numerous illegitimate children. He died in Paris aged roughly 61. He was buried at the Église du couvent des Jacobins in Paris. He was succeeded by his third surviving son Henri

Issue[edit]

Charles married three times; firstly to Anne Élisabeth de Lannoy (1626–1654), daughter of Charles de Lannoy; the couple married on 7 March 1648;

  1. Anne Élisabeth of Lorraine (6 August 1649 – 5 August 1714) known as Mademoiselle d'Elbeuf, she married Charles Henri de Lorraine, a distant cousin and illegitimate son of Charles IV, Duke of Lorraine, and had issue: Charles Thomas, Prince of Vaudémont.
  2. Charles of Lorraine, Chevalier d'Elboeuf[1] (2 November 1650 – 1690), never married;

Secondly he married Élisabeth de La Tour d'Auvergne (daughter of the Duke of Bouillon and sister of Godefroy Maurice de La Tour d'Auvergne) on 20 May 1656 and had six children;

  1. Henri Frédéric of Lorraine, Count of Islebonne[1] (26 January 1657 – 21 October 1666) died in infancy;
  2. Marie Eléonore of Lorraine (24 February 1658–March 1731), Abbess of Saint Jacques;[3][4]
  3. Marie Françoise de Lorraine (5 May 1659–?), Abbess of Saint Germaine;
  4. Henri of Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf (7 August 1661 – 17 May 1748) married Charlotte de Rochechouart de Mortemart daughter of Louis Victor de Rochechouart de Mortemart, niece of Madame de Montespan and had issue;
  5. Louis of Lorraine, Abbot of Orcamp (18 September 1662 – 4 February 1693) had illegitimate issue;
  6. Emmanuel Maurice of Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf (30 December 1677 – 17 July 1763), married twice but no issue; at his death the Duchy of Elbeuf went to Charles Eugène de Lorraine, prince de Lambesc;

Thirdly Françoise de Montault de Navailles on 25 August 1684;

  1. Suzanne Henriette of Lorraine (1 February 1686 – 19 October 1710) married Ferdinand Charles, Duke of Mantua and Montferrat, no issue;
  2. Louise Anne of Lorraine, Princess of Navailles[1] (10 July 1689 – 1762) never married.

Charles also had three illegitimate children, including Charles bâtard de Lorraine[1] (1645–1708), no surviving issue.

Ancestry[edit]

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g van de Pas, Leo. "Charles III de Lorraine, Duke of Elbeuf". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-01. 
  2. ^ As the son of René II, Duke of Lorraine, he was given the Duchy of Guise as an appanage which was made a peerage by Francis I of France in 1528
  3. ^ Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques; Eriau, Jean-Baptiste, L'ancien Carmel du faubourg Saint-Jacques (1604-1792), J. de Gigord, A. Picard, Paris, 1929(http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/article/rhef_0300-9505_1929_num_15_69_2523_t1_0497_0000_2
  4. ^ a Carmelite convent on the Left Bank in Paris Latin Quarter.

Sources[edit]

  • Georges Poull, La maison ducale de Lorraine, 1991

See also[edit]