Charles III of Navarre
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Festivities attending Charles being crowned in Pamplona, from the contemporary Grandes Chroniques de France
|King of Navarre|
|Reign||1387 - 1425|
|Died||8 September 1425
Palacio Real de Olite
|Spouse||Eleanor of Castile|
|Joanna of Navarre
Blanche I of Navarre
Isabella of Navarre
Beatrice of Navarre
|Father||Charles II of Navarre|
|Mother||Joan of Valois|
Charles III (1361 – 8 September 1425), called the Noble, was King of Navarre from 1387 to his death and Count of Évreux from 1387 to 1404, when he exchanged it for the title Duke of Nemours. He spent his reign improving the infrastructure of his kingdom, restoring Navarre's pride after the dismal reign of his father, Charles the Bad, and mending strained relations with France.
As king, his politics were peace with France, Castile, Aragon, and England, support for the Avignon Papacy, and matrimonial alliance. He collaborated with Castile in a war on the Kingdom of Granada. By the Treaty of Paris, he abandoned his claims to Champagne and Brie and made peace with France.
In 1413, he created the Cort, a sort of supreme court. He created the title Prince of Viana for the heir to the throne, entitling his grandson Charles in 1423. He was a patron of the arts and he finished construction on the great Gothic Cathedral of Pamplona. When it comes to Navarre's home policy, he decreed the watershed unification of Pamplona's boroughs in 1423, after over three centuries of division and rivalry. He also built the royal palace at Tafalla and the Royal Palace of Olite, where he died in 1425.
Charles and Eleanor's children were:
- Joanna (1382–1413), married John I, Count of Foix, no issue
- Blanche (1385/91–1441), married John II of Aragon, became Queen of Navarre and had issue
- Isabella (1395–1435), married in 1419 to John IV of Armagnac, had issue
- Beatrice (1392–1412), married to James II, Count of La Marche, and had issue
- Maria (1388–1425), died unmarried and childless
- Margaret (1390–1403), died unmarried and childless
- Charles (1397–1402), Prince of Viana
- Louis (1402), Prince of Viana
|Ancestors of Charles III of Navarre|
- "Charles III". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 10 November 2011. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
- Darst, David H. (2002). "Leonor de Navarra (1350-1415), Queen of Navarre". In Pérez, Janet; Ihrie, Maureen. The Feminist Encyclopedia of Spanish Literature: A-M. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
- Valente, Claire (2002). "Joan of Navarre (c.13750-1437)". In Fritze, Ronald H.; Robison, William Baxter. Historical Dictionary of Late Medieval England, 1272-1485. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
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Charles III of NavarreBorn: 1361 Died: 8 September 1425
|King of Navarre
Blanche I & John II
|Count of Évreux
|French royal domain|
|New creation||Duke of Nemours