Charles J. Siragusa
|Charles J. Siragusa|
|Senior Judge for the United States District Court for the Western District of New York|
December 15, 2012
|Judge for the United States District Court for the Western District of New York|
November 5, 1997 – December 15, 2012
|Appointed by||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by||Michael Anthony Telesca|
|Succeeded by||Elizabeth A. Wolford|
|Born||1947 (age 69–70)
Rochester, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Le Moyne College
Albany Law School
Charles J. Siragusa (born 1947) is a Senior United States District Judge for the United States District Court for the Western District of New York.
Siragusa served as an Assistant District Attorney in Monroe County from 1977-1992 where he rose to the rank of First Assistant District Attorney.
During his time as First Assistant District Attorney, Siragusa successfully prosecuted Arthur Shawcross, also known as The Genesee River Killer. Shawcross had killed eleven victims starting in 1988 before his capture less than two years later in January 1990. Shawcross died November 10, 2008 while serving a life sentence.
Siragusa also successfully prosecuted Frank Sterling for the 1988 murder of Viola Manville. After Sterling’s conviction, but before sentencing, a group of teenagers went to Sirgagusa and told him that a man named Mark Christie had bragged about killing Manville. They later said that they felt "bullied" by Siragusa, who dismissed their claims without taking them seriously. Sterling was released in 2010, after serving nearly twenty years of a life sentence "because of new evidence — including DNA — pointing to Christie."
In 1993, Siragusa was elected as a New York State Supreme Court Justice in the Seventh Judicial District where he served for four years.
On July 15, 1997, President Bill Clinton nominated Siragusa to the Federal Court to a seat vacated by Michael Anthony Telesca. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 30, 1997, and received his commission on November 5, 1997. He took senior status on December 15, 2012.
In August 2010, Siragusa ruled that the town board of Greece, New York did not commit a constitutional violation by opening its meetings with a brief prayer. The judge signed an order that tossed out a lawsuit filed by two residents of the town of who had complained that prayers held at the start of town council meetings favored Christians and violated the separation of church and state. Siragusa noted that government bodies throughout the country routinely invite religious leaders to make invocations at the start of public meetings. He said those prayers are acceptable as long as the town body isn't proselytizing or advancing any one faith at the expense of others. The town of Greece said they welcome people of any faith to give the prayer. However, in May 2012 the ruling was overturned by the Second Circuit Court of Appeals. On May 20th, 2013, the Supreme Court granted petition for certiorari. On May 5, 2014, in Town of Greece v. Galloway, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the Second Circuit and affirmed Siragusa's decision, ruling 5-4 in favor of the Town of Greece that the town's practice of beginning legislative sessions with prayers does not violate the Establishment Clause of the First Amendment.
- Foderaro, Lisa W. (December 2, 1990). "A Serial-Murder Trial, On TV, Grips Rochester". The New York Times.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-08-16. Retrieved 2007-08-11.
- Craig, Gary (2010-05-09) Missteps kept Frank Sterling in prison, Democrat and Chronicle
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-04-28.
- Biographical Directory of Federal Judges Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Judge OKs Prayers by N.Y. Town Council". Associated Press. FOX News Network, LLC. August 9, 2010. Retrieved August 9, 2010.
- "Federal court overturns ruling on prayer at Greece Town Board meetings". GateHouse Media, Inc. May 18, 2012. Retrieved May 18, 2012.
- Lyle Denniston (May 20, 2013). "Court to rule on government prayer". SCOTUS blog. Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Adler, Jonathan H. (May 6, 2014). "Breaking — Supreme Court upholds legislative prayer in Town of Greece v. Galloway". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 6, 2014.
- Charles J. Siragusa at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
Michael Anthony Telesca
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of New York
Elizabeth A. Wolford