Charles Journet

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Servant of God
Charles Journet
Cardinal-Priest of Santa Maria in Campitelli
Church Roman Catholic Church
In office 5 March 1973 - 15 April 1975
Predecessor Carlo Chiarlo
Successor Corrado Bafile
Orders
Ordination 15 July 1917
Consecration 20 February 1965
by François Charrière
Created Cardinal 22 February 1965
by Pope Paul VI
Rank
  • Cardinal-Deacon (1965-1973)
  • Cardinal-Priest (1973-1975)
Personal details
Birth name Charles Journet
Born 26 January 1891
Geneva, Switzerland
Died 15 April 1975(1975-04-15) (aged 84)
Fribourg, Switzerland
Previous post
  • Titular Archbishop of Furnos minor (1965)
  • Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Campitelli (1965-1973)
  • Protodeacon of the College of Cardinals (1971-1973)
Motto Dominus miseraeatur ("Lord have mercy")
Coat of arms
Sainthood
Venerated in Roman Catholic Church
Title as Saint Servant of God
Attributes Cardinal's attire
Styles of
Charles Journet
Coat of arms of Charles Journet.svg
Reference style His Eminence
Spoken style Your Eminence
Informal style Cardinal
See N/A

Charles Journet (26 January 1891 – 15 April 1975) was a Swiss Roman Catholic theologian and cardinal.

Journet has been considered a figure of holiness and his cause for canonisation is set to commence. This means that he shall be accorded the title Servant of God when the cause commences on a diocesan level.

Life[edit]

Early life and priesthood[edit]

Charles Journet was born in Geneva in 1891 as the son of Jean-Louis Journet and Jenny Bondat. He was baptized on the same day in the church of Sacré-Coeur and was to receive the sacrament of Confirmation on 12 June 1903 in the same church from Bishop Joseph Déruaz.

He studied at the seminary in Fribourg before being ordained to the priesthood on 15 July 1917. He then did pastoral work in the Diocese of Fribourg until 1924, and there taught at the seminary from 1924 to 1965. He established the theological journal "Nova et Vetera" in 1926.

Journet was raised to the rank of Domestic Prelate of His Holiness on 13 August 1946 by Pope Pius XII, gaining fame as a theologian.

Cardinalate and death[edit]

On 15 February 1965, he was appointed as the Titular Archbishop of Furnos Minor by Pope Paul VI, and he received his episcopal consecration on the following 20 February from Bishop François Charrière, with Bishops Franz von Streng and Louis-Sevérin Haller serving as the co-consecrators.

In the consistory two days later, on 22 February, he was one of the three European theologians elevated to the College of Cardinals by Paul VI, becoming the Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Campitelli.

Although he only attended the last session of the Second Vatican Council in 1965, Journet was nevertheless a rather influential figure at the Council. He supported the documents Dignitatis humanae and Nostra aetate while also affirming the Church's traditional teaching on divorce.[1] Journet was a close friend of the renowned philosopher Jacques Maritain, with whom he founded the theological journal "Nova et Vetera" in 1926.

A supporter of Socialist leader Miguel Arraes, the cardinal protested his imprisonment by the Brazilian military in the 1960s.[2] Journet lost the right to participate in any future papal conclave when he reached 80 on 26 January 1971, but served as Protodeacon from the following 10 August until he opted to become a Cardinal-Priest of the same title on 5 March 1973. His most famous work is considered to be "The Church of the Word Incarnate".

He is also seen as the mentor of Swiss Cardinal Georges Cottier.

Journet died in Fribourg at the age of 84 in 1975. He is buried in the "Chartreuse de la Valsainte" in Gruyères.

Beatification process[edit]

His beatification cause has been approved and is set to commence. The Congregation for the Causes of Saints gave their approval and granted him the title Servant of God.

References[edit]

  1. ^ TIME Magazine. New Thinking on Divorce March 18, 1966
  2. ^ TIME Magazine. Hard Blow for the Hard Line April 30, 1965

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
None
Titular Archbishop of Furnos Minor
15 February 1965-22 February 1965
Succeeded by
Georges-Louis Mercier
Preceded by
Carlo Chiarlo
Cardinal-Deacon of Santa Maria in Campitelli
22 February 1965-5 March 1973
Succeeded by
Himself
as Cardinal-Priest
Preceded by
Federico Callori di Vignale
Cardinal Protodeacon
10 August 1971-5 March 1973
Succeeded by
Pericle Felici
Preceded by
Himself
as Cardinal-Deacon
Cardinal-Priest pro hac vice of Santa Maria in Campitelli
5 March 1973-15 April 1975
Succeeded by
Corrado Bafile