Charles Kenneth Leith
Charles Kenneth Leith (January 20, 1875 – September 13, 1956) was an American geologist. He was head of the University of Wisconsin–Madison geology department for thirty years. In 1942, he won the Penrose Medal, the highest award given in the geosciences.
Leith was born in Trempealeau, Wisconsin. He was hired by Charles R. Van Hise as a stenographer in 1892 to work on his publications, and was so taken by the work that he completed a bachelor's degree in geology at the University of Wisconsin in 1897 and a Ph.D. in 1901. In 1903, when Van Hise became president of the University of Wisconsin, he hired Leith as head of the geology department at the age of 28. Leith was chair until 1934 (31 years), and remained with the department until he retired in 1945. He also lectured on structural and metamorphic geology at the University of Chicago beginning in 1905.
His early research focused on the geology of the Lake Superior region, including the ore deposits of the Mesabi range. He served as a consultant for the location and valuation of ore deposits for several mining companies and served as mineral adviser to the U.S. Shipping Board and the War Industries Board during World War I. He organized studies of world mineral supplies in the 1920s and served on many government agencies, including the Atomic Energy Commission, through the 1950s.
- A Summer and Winter on Hudson Bay (1912)
- Structural Geology (1913)
- Metamorphic Geology (1915)
- The Economic Aspect of Geology (1921)
- The Political Control of Mineral Resources (1925)
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- DENIES STEEL TRUST HAS ORE MONOPOLY; Prof. Leith Testifies in Federal Suit That Its Holdings Are Less Than in 1911. New York Times, October 2, 1913, p. 16.
- Structural Geology, Charles Kenneth Leith, Published by H. Holt and Company, 1913
- The Economic Aspect of Geology, Charles Kenneth Leith. Published by H. Holt and company, 1921
- Memorial to Charles Kenneth Leith, 1875–1956, Richard Jacob Lund, published by the Geological Society of America, 1957.
- Charles Kenneth Leith 1875-1956: A biographical memoir, by D. F. Hewitt. Washington, DC: National Academy of Sciences, 1959.
- Sylvia Freeman Wallace Mcgrath: Charles Kenneth Leith: Scientific Adviser, Madison, WI: The University of Wisconsin Press, (1971).
- The Wisconsin School of Geology: Early Intellectual Exports, Robert H. Dott Jr. Wisconsin academy review: volume 45, issue 3 (Summer 1999)
- The C.K. Leith Fund, University of Wisconsin