Charles Kittel

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Charles Kittel
Born(1916-07-18)July 18, 1916
DiedMay 15, 2019(2019-05-15) (aged 102)
NationalityAmerican
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge
University of Wisconsin–Madison
Known forRKKY interaction[1]
Introduction to Solid State Physics textbook[1]
AwardsOliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (1957)
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsUniversity of California, Berkeley
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Bell Laboratories
ThesisThe fine structure of nuclear energy levels on the alpha model (1941)
Doctoral advisorGregory Breit
Doctoral studentsElihu Abrahams
Raymond L. Orbach
Albert Overhauser
Websitephysics.berkeley.edu/people/faculty/charles-kittel

Charles Kittel (July 18, 1916 – May 15, 2019) was an American physicist. He was a professor at University of California, Berkeley from 1951 and was professor emeritus from 1978 until his death.[2]

Life and work[edit]

Charles Kittel was born in New York City in 1916.[3][4] He studied at the University of Cambridge, England, where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts (BA) in 1938. He published his thesis, under Gregory Breit, in 1941 at the University of Wisconsin–Madison[5] and joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) between 1945 and 1947. During World War II, he joined the Submarine Operations Research Group (SORG). (He is mentioned on page 478 of RV Jones' book Most Secret War, published 1978.) He served in the United States Navy as a naval attache. From 1947 to 1951, he worked for Bell Laboratories, New Jersey, USA, especially on ferromagnetism.[6]

From 1951 to 1978, he worked at the University of California, Berkeley, where he taught and did research in the field of theoretical solid-state physics, a part of condensed-matter physics. He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1945, 1956 and 1963. Many well-known postdoctoral fellows worked with him, including James C. Phillips and Pierre-Gilles de Gennes.[7]

Among other achievements, Kittel is credited with the theoretical discovery of the RKKY interaction (the first K standing for Kittel) and the Kittel magnon mode in ferromagnets.

Physics students worldwide study his classic text Introduction to Solid State Physics, now in its 8th edition. He was a member of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, elected in 1957.[8]

Kittel died on May 15, 2019, at the age of 102.[9]

Awards[edit]

Works[edit]

  • Introduction to Solid State Physics, 1st ed. 1953 - 8th ed. 2005, ISBN 0-471-41526-X
  • Quantum Theory of Solids, 1963, ISBN 0-471-49025-3 and (with C. Y. Fong) 1987, ISBN 0-471-62412-8
  • Thermal Physics, 2nd ed. 1980, ISBN 0-7167-1088-9, and (with H. Kroemer) 1980.
  • Berkeley Physics Course. Mechanics. Vol. 1, with Walter Knight and Malvin A. Ruderman
  • Elementary Statistical Physics. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 1958. OCLC 912372820. Reprinted five times by 1967; a reproduction was published in 2004 by Dover (ISBN 9780486435145).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Cohen, Marvin L.; Cohen, Morrel H. (2019). "Charles Kittel". Physics Today. 72 (10): 73. Bibcode:2019PhT....72j..73C. doi:10.1063/PT.3.4326. S2CID 216580309.
  2. ^ "Charles Kittel, Array of Contemporary American Physicists". Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  3. ^ Splinter, Robert (April 7, 2017). Illustrated Encyclopedia of Applied and Engineering Physics, Three-Volume Set. CRC Press. ISBN 9781351625630 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ Publications, Europa (November 2, 2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. ISBN 9781857432176 – via Google Books.
  5. ^ Kittel, Charles (1941). The fine structure of nuclear energy levels on the alpha model (Ph.D.). University of Wisconsin–Madison. OCLC 948185111 – via ProQuest.
  6. ^ "Kittel, Charles". history.aip.org.
  7. ^ Alphabetical list of Fellows on John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation's website.
  8. ^ "Charles Kittel". www.nasonline.org. (with link to Biographical Memoir by Martin L. Cohen and Morrel H. Cohen)
  9. ^ "Remembering Charles Kittel | UC Berkeley Physics". physics.berkeley.edu.
  10. ^ "Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize". AIP. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
  11. ^ Karplus, Robert (1979). "Oersted Medal". The Physics Teacher. 17 (4): 262–279. Bibcode:1979PhTea..17..262K. doi:10.1119/1.2340210.

External links[edit]