|Born||July 18, 1916|
New York City, U.S.
|Died||May 15, 2019(aged 102)|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
University of Wisconsin–Madison
|Known for||RKKY interaction|
Introduction to Solid State Physics textbook
|Awards||Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize (1957)|
|Institutions||University of California, Berkeley|
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Thesis||The fine structure of nuclear energy levels on the alpha model (1941)|
|Doctoral advisor||Gregory Breit|
|Doctoral students||Elihu Abrahams|
Raymond L. Orbach
Life and work
Charles Kittel was born in New York City in 1916. He studied at the University of Cambridge, England, where he obtained his Bachelor of Arts (BA) in 1938. He published his thesis, under Gregory Breit, in 1941 at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and joined the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) between 1945 and 1947. During World War II, he joined the Submarine Operations Research Group (SORG). (He is mentioned on page 478 of RV Jones' book Most Secret War, published 1978.) He served in the United States Navy as a naval attache. From 1947 to 1951, he worked for Bell Laboratories, New Jersey, USA, especially on ferromagnetism.
From 1951 to 1978, he worked at the University of California, Berkeley, where he taught and did research in the field of theoretical solid-state physics, a part of condensed-matter physics. He was awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship in 1945, 1956 and 1963. Many well-known postdoctoral fellows worked with him, including James C. Phillips and Pierre-Gilles de Gennes.
Kittel died on May 15, 2019, at the age of 102.
- Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize, 1957
- Berkeley Distinguished Teacher Award, 1970
- Oersted Medal, American Association of Physics Teachers, 1979
- Introduction to Solid State Physics, 1st ed. 1953 - 8th ed. 2005, ISBN 0-471-41526-X
- Quantum Theory of Solids, 1963, ISBN 0-471-49025-3 and (with C. Y. Fong) 1987, ISBN 0-471-62412-8
- Thermal Physics, 2nd ed. 1980, ISBN 0-7167-1088-9, and (with H. Kroemer) 1980.
- Berkeley Physics Course. Mechanics. Vol. 1, with Walter Knight and Malvin A. Ruderman
- Elementary Statistical Physics. New York: John Wiley & Sons. 1958. OCLC 912372820. Reprinted five times by 1967; a reproduction was published in 2004 by Dover (ISBN 9780486435145).
- Cohen, Marvin L.; Cohen, Morrel H. (2019). "Charles Kittel". Physics Today. 72 (10): 73. Bibcode:2019PhT....72j..73C. doi:10.1063/PT.3.4326. S2CID 216580309.
- "Charles Kittel, Array of Contemporary American Physicists". Archived from the original on December 31, 2016. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
- Splinter, Robert (April 7, 2017). Illustrated Encyclopedia of Applied and Engineering Physics, Three-Volume Set. CRC Press. ISBN 9781351625630 – via Google Books.
- Publications, Europa (November 2, 2003). The International Who's Who 2004. Psychology Press. ISBN 9781857432176 – via Google Books.
- Kittel, Charles (1941). The fine structure of nuclear energy levels on the alpha model (Ph.D.). University of Wisconsin–Madison. OCLC 948185111 – via ProQuest.
- "Kittel, Charles". history.aip.org.
- Alphabetical list of Fellows on John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation's website.
- "Charles Kittel". www.nasonline.org. (with link to Biographical Memoir by Martin L. Cohen and Morrel H. Cohen)
- "Remembering Charles Kittel | UC Berkeley Physics". physics.berkeley.edu.
- "Oliver E. Buckley Condensed Matter Prize". AIP. Archived from the original on October 16, 2012. Retrieved December 16, 2012.
- Karplus, Robert (1979). "Oersted Medal". The Physics Teacher. 17 (4): 262–279. Bibcode:1979PhTea..17..262K. doi:10.1119/1.2340210.
- Official website
- Freeman Dyson on work at Berkeley with Charles Kittel
- Charles Kittel (Physics History Network)
- Charles Kittel at the Mathematics Genealogy Project