Charles L. Shrewsbury House

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Charles L. Shrewsbury House
Shrewsbury-Windle House, Madison, IN (48517181551).jpg
Principal Facade
Charles L. Shrewsbury House is located in Indiana
Charles L. Shrewsbury House
Charles L. Shrewsbury House is located in the United States
Charles L. Shrewsbury House
Location301 W. 1st St., Madison, Indiana
Coordinates38°44′5″N 85°22′58″W / 38.73472°N 85.38278°W / 38.73472; -85.38278Coordinates: 38°44′5″N 85°22′58″W / 38.73472°N 85.38278°W / 38.73472; -85.38278
Arealess than one acre
ArchitectFrancis Costigan
Architectural styleGreek Revival
Part ofMadison Historic District (ID73000020)
NRHP reference No.94001190[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 19, 1994[1]
Designated NHLApril 19, 1994[2]
Designated NHLDCPMay 25, 1973

The Charles L. Shrewsbury House (also known as the Shrewsbury–Windle House) is a historic house museum located at 301 West First Street in Madison, Indiana. Built in 1842 to a design by Francis Costigan, it was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1994 for its fine Classical Revival architecture.[3] It is located in the Madison Historic District.

History[edit]

The Charles Shrewsbury House, also known as the Shrewsbury–Windle House, is the 1848 Greek Revival home of Charles Shrewsbury, a salt-barge riverboat captain, flour manufacturer and pork merchant. Shrewsbury was also the mayor of Madison. The house was designed by Francis Costigan. The Shrewsbury house is a two-story brick building, with a symmetrical 3-bay facade and stone trim details. The building corners feature brick pilasters rising to stone capitals, supporting an entablature punctuated by small attic-level windows. The interior has twelve rooms, thirteen fireplaces and a fifty-three step spiral staircase. The floor to ceiling windows are thirteen feet tall. A man on horseback could easily step through the enormous front and rear doors, which are twelve feet in height.[3]

Architectural historians have ranked the house's free-standing spiral staircase as the most impressive part of the interior. Built of pine stairs and cherry railings, the staircase ascends from the middle of the house, supporting its own weight. Aside from allowing access to the second floor, the staircase helps to cool the house: hot air from the first floor can rise through the stairwell and leave the house through the attic windows.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
  2. ^ "Shrewsbury, Charles L., House". National Historic Landmarks Program. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2011-06-05. Retrieved 2009-06-05.
  3. ^ a b Galvin, John (September 30, 1993). "National Historic Landmark Nomination: Charles L. Shrewsbury House". National Park Service. and Accompanying nine photos, exterior and interior, from 1971
  4. ^ Windle, John T. and Robert M. Taylor. The Early Architecture of Madison, Indiana. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1986, 84. ISBN 0-87195-004-9.

Further reading[edit]

  • 99 Historic Homes of Indiana by Marsh Davis and Bill Shaw, copyright 2002 pages 229–231.
  • Historic American Buildings Survey in Indiana, edited by Thomas M. Slade, copyright 1983, pages 72,73. ISBN 0-253-32741-5

External links[edit]

Media related to Shrewsbury-Windle House (Madison, Indiana) at Wikimedia Commons