Charles Longuet

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Charles Longuet
Charles Jenny Longuet.jpg
Born(1839-02-14)14 February 1839
Died5 August 1903(1903-08-05) (aged 64)
Paris, France
OccupationJournalist
Spouse(s)Jenny Marx
Children6 (including Jean Longuet)

Charles Longuet (14 February 1839, Caen – 5 August 1903, Paris) was a journalist and prominent figure in the French working-class movement, including the 1871 Paris Commune, as well as a Proudhonist member of the General Council of the First International or International Working Men's Association (1866–67, 1871–72). He served as Corresponding Secretary for Belgium (1866),[1] delegate to the Lausanne[2] (1867), Brussels (1868), the London Conference (1871) and the (1872).[3] He was also the editor of the publication Journal Officiel.[4]

Longuet participated in the Paris Commune of 1871 and, after its defeat, moved to England as a refugee where he met Karl Marx. Longuet married Marx's eldest daughter, Jenny, on 2 October 1872 in London (in a civil ceremony). Together, they had six children, the first five of whom were boys, the last a daughter.[5] Two of the sons died in infancy. Of the others, Jean, a journalist and Edgar, a physician, both became prominent socialist activists in France.[6]

Longuet returned to France, after a political amnesty granted by the French government in July 1880. Here he took a position as an editor of La Justice, a radical daily newspaper founded by Georges Clemenceau.[7] His wife and children joined him in February 1881, the family settling in the town of Argenteuil, near Paris.[8] Here Jenny died in January 1883, probably from cancer of the bladder.[5] Two months later her father, Karl Marx, died; Longuet was one of the speakers at his funeral.[9]

Charles Longuet died in Paris on 5 August 1903 at the age of 64. He was buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Belgian section International Working Men's Association Collection
  2. ^ Yuri Mikhailovich Steklov, History of The First International, chapter 8 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Steklov, History of the First International, Hague chapter 14 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Francis Wheen. 1999. Karl Marx: A Life. London: WW Norton & Company. p326.
  5. ^ a b Francis Wheen. 1999. Karl Marx: A Life. London: WW Norton & Company. pp.350, 379.
  6. ^ Saul K. Padover, Karl Marx: An Intimate Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1978; pp. 479-480.
  7. ^ Francis Wheen. Karl Marx: A Life. London: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999; pp. 373-374.
  8. ^ Saul K. Padover, Karl Marx: An Intimate Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1978; pp. 481-484.
  9. ^ A Darwinian Gentleman at Marx's Funeral - E. Ray Lankester | Natural History | Find Articles at BNET.com

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