Charles Félix César Longuet
14 February 1839
|Died||5 August 1903 (aged 64)|
|Children||6 (including Jean Longuet and Edgar Longuet)|
|Relatives||Karl Marx (father-in-law)|
Jenny von Westphalen (mother-in-law)
Laura Marx (sister-in-law)
Eleanor Marx (sister-in-law)
Charles Félix César Longuet (14 February 1839, Caen – 5 August 1903, Paris) was a journalist and prominent figure in the French working-class movement, including the 1871 Paris Commune, as well as a Proudhonist member of the General Council of the First International or International Working Men's Association (1866–67, 1871–72). He served as Corresponding Secretary for Belgium (1866), delegate to the Lausanne (1867), Brussels (1868), the London Conference (1871) and the (1872). He was also the editor of the publication Journal Officiel.
Longuet participated in the Paris Commune of 1871 and, after its defeat, moved to England as a refugee where he met Karl Marx. Longuet married Marx's eldest daughter, Jenny, on 2 October 1872 in London (in a civil ceremony). Together, they had six children, the first five of whom were boys, the last a daughter. Two of the sons died in infancy. Of the others, Jean, a journalist and Edgar, a physician, both became prominent socialist activists in France.
Longuet returned to France, after a political amnesty granted by the French government in July 1880. Here he took a position as an editor of La Justice, a radical daily newspaper founded by Georges Clemenceau. His wife and children joined him in February 1881, the family settling in the town of Argenteuil, near Paris. Here Jenny died in January 1883, probably from cancer of the bladder. Two months later her father, Karl Marx, died; Longuet was one of the speakers at his funeral.
Charles Longuet died in Paris on 5 August 1903 at the age of 64. He was buried at the Père Lachaise Cemetery.
- Belgian section International Working Men's Association Collection
- Yuri Mikhailovich Steklov, History of The First International, chapter 8 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Steklov, History of the First International, Hague chapter 14 Archived 2007-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Francis Wheen. 1999. Karl Marx: A Life. London: WW Norton & Company. p326.
- Francis Wheen. 1999. Karl Marx: A Life. London: WW Norton & Company. pp.350, 379.
- Saul K. Padover, Karl Marx: An Intimate Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1978; pp. 479-480.
- Francis Wheen. Karl Marx: A Life. London: W.W. Norton & Company, 1999; pp. 373-374.
- Saul K. Padover, Karl Marx: An Intimate Biography. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1978; pp. 481-484.
- A Darwinian Gentleman at Marx's Funeral - E. Ray Lankester | Natural History | Find Articles at BNET.com
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