Charles Louis, Count of Marsan

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Charles Louis
Prince of Pons
Lorraine-Prince-de-Pons.jpg
Born (1696-10-21)21 October 1696
France
Died 2 November 1755(1755-11-02) (aged 59)
Paris, France
Spouse Élisabeth de Roquelaure
Issue Leopoldine Élisabeth, Mademoiselle de Pons
Louise, Duchess of Bouillon
Gaston, Count of Marsan
Camille, Prince of Pons
Full name
Charles Louis de Lorraine
House Lorraine
Father Charles, Count of Marsan
Mother Catherine Thérèse de Goyon de Matignon

Charles Louis de Lorraine (21 October 1696 – 2 November 1755) was a French nobleman and general, member of a cadet branch of the House of Lorraine. He held the titles of Count of Marsan, lord of Pons and prince of Mortagne-sur-Gironde, but he was known by the courtesy title of The Prince of Pons.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born to Charles de Lorraine, Count of Marsan and his wife Catherine Thérèse de Goyon de Matignon, he was the couples eldest child. Styled the Prince of Pons from birth, he was also the Count of Marsan at his father's death in November 1708.[2] As a member of the House of Lorraine, he was a Foreign Prince and as such, was addressed with the style of Highness. His mother was the first wife of Jean Baptiste Colbert, Marquis of Seignelay and as such, Charles Louis had four half siblings.

Through his mother, he was a first cousin of Jacques I, Prince of Monaco, the spouse of Louise Hippolyte, Princess of Monaco[2] He was also the Prince of Mortagne.[2]

He married Élisabeth de Roquelaure, a daughter of Antoine Gaston de Roquelaure. The couple were married on 1 March 1714.[2] Élisabeth gave him four children, two sons and two daughters. His younger daughter Louise married into the Duke of Bouillons family and his eldest son Gaston married a princess of the House of Rohan. His youngest son married a daughter of the Duke of Nevers. Only his daughter Louise had further issue.

The Prince of Pons pursued a military career: in 1717 he was posted in Hungary. On 3 June 1724, he was made a knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit,[1] the most prestigious decoration of the Ancien régime. He was promoted to the rank of Brigadier in 1734, then maréchal de camp (Major General) in 1738 and finally Lieutenant General in 1744.[1] His first son was his aide de camp in the 1736 campaign, his second one in the 1741-1742 campaign[1]

He outlived his wife by three years.[2] He was buried at the Catacombs of Paris.[2]

Issue[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 21 October 1696 – 2 November 1755 His Highness the Prince of Pons
    • 13 November 1708 – 7 February 1721 His Highness the Count of Marsan

References and notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Branche des comtes d'Harcourt sortie des ducs d'Elbeuf. Googlebooks.org. Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f van de Pas, Leo. "Charles Louis de Lorraine". Genealogics .org. Retrieved 2010-03-29. 
  3. ^ Daughter of Jules, Prince of Soubise and Anne Julie de Melun
  4. ^ Daughter of Louis Jules Mancini Mazarini and Hélène Françoise Angélique Phélypeaux de Pontchartrain