Charles Marsham, 1st Earl of Romney

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Engraving of Charles Marsham based on a picture by Sir William Beechey, 1803

Charles Marsham, 1st Earl of Romney (28 September 1744 – 1 March 1811), known as The Lord Romney between 1793 and 1801, was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1768 to 1790, inherited his peerage in 1793 and was created Earl of Romney in 1801.

Background[edit]

Romney was the son of Robert Marsham, 2nd Baron Romney, and Priscilla, daughter and heiress of Charles Pym. He was educated at Eton College (1753-63) and entered Christ Church, Oxford in 1763. He succeeded his father to the barony on 16 November 1793.[1] In 1793 Charles inherited his grandfather's huge sugar plantations, jointly known as "Romney's", on the island of St. Kitts in the Caribbean. The property had been part of his father's marriage settlement to his mother in 1742.[2]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1766.[3]

Political career[edit]

Romney was returned to Parliament for Maidstone in 1768, a seat he held until 1774, and then represented Kent from 1774 to 1790. He was also Lord Lieutenant of Kent from 1797 to 1808. [1]

In 1799 he entertained King George III at his seat Moat House, when the King reviewed about six thousand of the Kentish Volunteers.[4] A Doric-style temple was constructed in Mote Park to commemorate the occasion. In 1801 Lord Romney was created Viscount Marsham, of the Mote in the County of Kent, and Earl of Romney.[3]

Family[edit]

Lady Frances Wyndham (John Hoppner)

Lord Romney married Lady Frances, daughter of Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont, in 1776. She died in January 1795. Lord Romney died in March 1811, aged 66, and was succeeded by his son, Charles.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "MARSHAM, Hon. Charles (1744-1811), of Maidstone, Kent". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 26 January 2017. 
  2. ^ London Docklands Museum, artefact notes
  3. ^ a b "Fellow details". Royal Society. Retrieved 26 January 2016. 
  4. ^ Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Rose Fuller
William Northey
Member of Parliament for Maidstone
1768–1774
With: Robert Gregory
Succeeded by
Horatio Mann
Lord Guernsey
Preceded by
Sir Brook Bridges, Bt
Sir Charles Farnaby, Bt
Member of Parliament for Kent
1774–1790
With: Thomas Knight 1774–1780
Filmer Honywood 1780–1790
Succeeded by
Filmer Honywood
Sir Edward Knatchbull, Bt
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Dorset
Lord Lieutenant of Kent
1797–1808
Succeeded by
The Earl Camden
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Robert Marsham
Baron Romney
1793–1811
Succeeded by
Charles Marsham
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Earl of Romney
1801–1811
Succeeded by
Charles Marsham