Charles Mix County, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Charles Mix County, South Dakota
Charles Mix County courthouse from NW 6.JPG
Charles Mix County Courthouse in Lake Andes
Map of South Dakota highlighting Charles Mix County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1862 (created)
1879 (organized)
Named forCharles Eli Mix
SeatLake Andes
Largest cityWagner
Area
 • Total1,150 sq mi (2,978 km2)
 • Land1,097 sq mi (2,841 km2)
 • Water53 sq mi (137 km2), 4.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)9,428
 • Density8.6/sq mi (3.3/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitecharlesmix.sdcounties.org

Charles Mix County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 9,129.[1] Its county seat is Lake Andes.[2] The county was created in 1862 and organized in 1879.[3] It was named for Charles Eli Mix, an official of the Bureau of Indian Affairs influential in signing a peace treaty with the local Lakota Indian tribes.[4] The easternmost approximately 60% of the county comprises the Yankton Indian Reservation.

Geography[edit]

Charles Mix County lies on the south line of South Dakota. Its south boundary line abuts the north boundary line of the state of Nebraska (across the Missouri River, which flows southeastward along the county's south line. A smaller drainage flows south-southwesterly to the river along the east county line, separating it from Bon Homme County. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, mostly dedicated to agriculture.[5] The terrain drops off into the river basin along the county's southwest side, but otherwise generally slopes to the southeast.[6]

The county has a total area of 1,150 square miles (3,000 km2), of which 1,097 square miles (2,840 km2) is land and 53 square miles (140 km2) (4.6%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Academy Lake State Game Production Area
  • Bovee Lake State Game Production Area[8]
  • Central Charles Mix State Game Production Area
  • Central Platte State Game Production Area
  • Dante Lake State Game Production Area
  • Fuchs Waterfowl Production Area[9]
  • Gray Area State Public Shooting Area[10]
  • Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge[11]
  • Lake Andes State Game Production Area
  • Lake George State Game Production Area[12]
  • Missouri National Recreational River (part)
  • North Point State Recreation Area[13]
  • North Wheeler State Game Production Area
  • North Wheeler State Recreation Area
  • Paulson State Game Production Area
  • Pease Creek State Recreation Area[14]
  • Platte Creek State Recreation Area[15]
  • Raysby Waterfowl Production Area[16]
  • Red Lake State Game Production Area
  • Sherman Waterfowl Production Area[17]
  • Snake Creek Recreation Area[18]
  • Spillway State Lakeside Use Area
  • Spring Creek Recreation Area[19]
  • Trout Waterfowl Production Area[20]
  • Tucek Waterfowl Production Area[21]
  • Turgeon State Game Production Area
  • Van Zee Waterfowl Production Area[22]
  • Vanderpol Waterfowl Production Area[23]
  • West Platte State Game Production Area
  • White Swan State Game Production Area
  • White Swan State Lakeside Use Area
  • Williamson state Game Production Area

Major lakes[edit]

  • Academy Lake
  • Carroll Lake
  • Lake Francis Case (part)
  • Goose Lake
  • Lake Andes
  • Lake Platte
  • White Lake

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870152
1880407167.8%
18904,178926.5%
19008,498103.4%
191014,89975.3%
192016,2569.1%
193016,7032.7%
194013,449−19.5%
195015,55815.7%
196011,785−24.3%
19709,994−15.2%
19809,680−3.1%
19909,131−5.7%
20009,3502.4%
20109,129−2.4%
Est. 20189,338[24]2.3%
US Decennial Census[25]
1790-1960[26] 1900-1990[27]
1990-2000[28] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 9,350 people, 3,343 households, and 2,326 families in the county. The population density was 8 people per square mile (3/km²). There were 3,853 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 69.65% White, 0.13% Black or African American, 28.28% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.47% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. 1.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 23.9% were of German, 10.2% Czech, 10.1% Dutch and 5.5% Norwegian ancestry.

There were 3,343 households out of which 34.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 11.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.40% were non-families. 28.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.37.

The county population contained 32.00% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 20.40% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,060, and the median income for a family was $30,688. Males had a median income of $24,747 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,502. About 20.80% of families and 26.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 35.50% of those under age 18 and 21.00% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 9,129 people, 3,249 households, and 2,222 families in the county.[29] The population density was 8.3 inhabitants per square mile (3.2/km2). There were 3,849 housing units at an average density of 3.5 per square mile (1.4/km2).[30] The racial makeup of the county was 65.0% white, 31.7% American Indian, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.3% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.7% of the population.[29] In terms of ancestry, 30.2% were German, 12.0% were Dutch, 11.7% were Czech, 6.8% were Norwegian, 5.1% were Irish, and 1.8% were American.[31]

Of the 3,249 households, 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.0% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.6% were non-families, and 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.23. The median age was 38.2 years.[29]

The median income for a household in the county was $35,808 and the median income for a family was $46,962. Males had a median income of $33,477 versus $25,740 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,403. About 17.4% of families and 24.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 32.9% of those under age 18 and 15.6% of those age 65 or over.[32]

Communities[edit]

Civil townships in Charles Mix County in 1931

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Bryan
  • Carroll
  • Choteau Creek
  • Darlington
  • Forbes
  • Goose Lake
  • Hamilton
  • Highland
  • Howard
  • Jackson
  • Kennedy
  • La Roche
  • Lake George
  • Lawrence
  • Lone Tree
  • Moore
  • Platte
  • Plain Center
  • Rhoda
  • Roe
  • Rouse
  • Signal
  • Waheheh
  • White Swan

Unorganized territory[edit]

The unorganized territory of Castalia is located in the county.

Notable residents[edit]

Politics[edit]

Charles Mix County, more akin to the Midwest than the Great Plains, for a long time favoured the Democratic Party. It was one of only 130 counties nationwide to be won in 1972 by favorite son George McGovern, and it was only once carried by a Republican nominee between 1932 and 1976 – when Dwight D. Eisenhower swept every county in South Dakota in 1952. Both George W. Bush in 2000 and Donald Trump in 2016 easily exceeded the previous best Republican performance in the county.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[33]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 69.4% 2,382 27.2% 935 3.4% 116
2012 59.3% 2,230 39.4% 1,483 1.4% 51
2008 53.0% 2,109 45.4% 1,807 1.6% 62
2004 53.3% 2,556 44.9% 2,155 1.8% 87
2000 61.6% 2,205 36.3% 1,300 2.1% 74
1996 42.4% 1,711 47.4% 1,913 10.2% 411
1992 38.3% 1,570 40.0% 1,639 21.7% 890
1988 47.0% 1,966 52.7% 2,205 0.3% 13
1984 58.3% 2,660 41.2% 1,879 0.5% 24
1980 56.7% 2,608 37.9% 1,741 5.4% 250
1976 40.5% 1,779 59.0% 2,593 0.5% 22
1972 42.8% 2,020 57.0% 2,691 0.2% 10
1968 44.8% 2,093 50.7% 2,369 4.6% 213
1964 31.8% 1,625 68.2% 3,488
1960 47.0% 2,446 53.0% 2,754
1956 41.4% 2,202 58.6% 3,117
1952 54.3% 3,316 45.7% 2,790
1948 36.5% 1,800 62.5% 3,086 1.0% 49
1944 44.6% 2,171 55.4% 2,701
1940 47.5% 2,993 52.5% 3,303
1936 32.0% 2,209 67.0% 4,628 1.1% 75
1932 20.4% 1,397 78.9% 5,399 0.7% 50
1928 50.3% 3,087 49.5% 3,039 0.2% 14
1924 31.2% 1,680 24.3% 1,306 44.5% 2,396
1920 50.2% 2,021 32.4% 1,305 17.4% 702
1916 41.3% 1,450 57.2% 2,011 1.5% 53
1912 45.8% 1,625 54.2% 1,920
1908 55.9% 1,863 41.7% 1,391 2.4% 80
1904 64.8% 1,765 30.2% 823 4.9% 134
1900 50.4% 1,108 48.2% 1,058 1.4% 31
1896 53.6% 698 45.6% 594 0.8% 11
1892 57.4% 516 12.8% 115 29.8% 268

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
  4. ^ Charles Mix County Archived June 9, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Charles Mix County SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  6. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  8. ^ Bovee Lake State Public Shooting Area, Geddes SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  9. ^ Fuchs Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  10. ^ Gray State Public Shooting Area, Platte SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ Lake George Public Shooting Area, Platte SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  13. ^ North Point State Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  14. ^ Pease Creek State Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  15. ^ Platte Creek State Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  16. ^ Raysby Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  17. ^ Sherman Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  18. ^ Snake Creek Recreation Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  19. ^ Spring Creek Recreation Area, Geddes SD Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  20. ^ Trout Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  21. ^ Tucek Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  22. ^ Van Zee Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  23. ^ Vanderpol Waterfowl Production Area Google Maps (accessed 31 January 2019)
  24. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  25. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  26. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  27. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  28. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 23, 2015.
  29. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  30. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau]]. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  31. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  32. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  33. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-13.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°13′N 98°35′W / 43.21°N 98.59°W / 43.21; -98.59