Charles Moravia

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Charles Moravia (17 June 1875 - 11 February 1938)[1] was a Haitian poet, dramatist, teacher, and diplomat.


Born in Jacmel, Moravia studied at the Petit Séminaire Collège Saint-Martial in Port-au-Prince.[1] He became a teacher in Jacmel and founded two periodicals, the short-lived La Plume, published from 1914 to 1915, and Le Temps, started in 1922 as a daily paper and later a magazine.[1] He was an elected officer of the Haitian Academy of Arts and Sciences.[1] An admirer of Heinrich Heine, Moravia translated the verse of the German poet, working from the prose translation of Gérard de Nerval.[1] Moravia was also influenced by Edmond Rostand's play Cyrano de Bergerac.

He also had a career in public service and was appointed Minister Plenipotentiary to Washington, D.C. in 1919, during the United States' occupation of Haiti. He also served as a Senator of the Republic during the presidency of Sténio Vincent.

Moravia was jailed by the Vincent government for his articles opposed to the American occupation.

Selected works[edit]

  • Roses et Camélias (Port-au-Prince: Impr. Mme F. Smith, 1903) - poetry
  • Ode à la mémoire de Toussaint Louverture (Port-au-Prince: Impr. Mme F. Smith, 1903) - poetry
  • La Crête à Pierrot (1908) - drama
  • Au Clair de la Lune (1910) - drama
  • L'Amiral Killick (1943) - drama

Sonnet sur Deux Clous - poetry


  1. ^ a b c d e Donald E. Herdeck (ed.), Caribbean Writers: A Bio-Bibliographical-Critical Encyclopaedia, Washington, DC: Three Continents Press, 1979, p.460.]
  • Schutt-Ainé, Patricia (1994). Haiti: A Basic Reference Book. Miami, Florida: Librairie Au Service de la Culture. pp. 98–99. ISBN 0-9638599-0-0.