Charles O'Hara, 1st Baron Tyrawley

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The Lord Tyrawley
Kingdom of Ireland
Died9 June 1724
Allegiance Kingdom of England (pre-1707)
 Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branchBritish Army
RankLieutenant General
Commands heldIreland
Battles/warsWar of the Spanish Succession

Lieutenant General Charles O'Hara, 1st Baron Tyrawley (died 9 June 1724) was an Irish soldier known for his service with the British Army. From 1714 to 1721 he served as Commander-in-Chief of the Royal Irish Army.


Born in Ireland in the mid-seventeenth century his exact origins are unclear, with some contemporaries claiming that he once been a highwaymen. He developed a connection with the powerful Butler family of County Tipperary who frequently governed Ireland on the Crown's behalf. He was likely a riding master to the young James Butler, later Duke of Ormonde, although he later claimed to have been his tutor.[1]

Military career[edit]

O'Hara was commissioned into the Duke of York's Foot becoming a Captain in 1678.[2] In 1679 he transferred to the Anglo-Dutch Brigade and then in 1686 he moved to the 1st Foot Guards.[2] He became Lieutenant Colonel of that Regiment in 1689.[2]

In 1703, during the War of Spanish Succession, he went to Cadiz; he distinguished himself at the Battle of Vigo Bay but was arrested for looting on return to England.[2] Having been acquitted, in 1706, he became Second-in-Command in Spain and prevented a French attack on Guadalajara, earning an Irish Barony as reward.[2] In 1707 at the Battle of Almansa he commanded the left flank of the Army.[2]

Following the Hanoverian Succession of 1714, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief, Ireland,[3] a post he held until 1721.[2]


He married Frances Rouse and together they went on to have at least one son, James O'Hara, and one daughter.[2]


  1. ^ Hugill p.27
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h Charles O'Hara at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ "No. 5275". The London Gazette. 6 November 1714. p. 2.


  • Hugill, J.A.C. No Peace Without Spain. Kensal Press, 1991.
Military offices
Preceded by
Edward Fitzpatrick
Colonel of The Ordnance Regiment
Succeeded by
Hon. James O'Hara
Preceded by
William Steuart
Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Succeeded by
Viscount Shannon
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Baron Tyrawley
Succeeded by
James O'Hara