Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton

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The Duke of Bolton

LordPaulet.jpg
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
In office
1715–1717
MonarchGeorge I
ChancellorThe Earl Cowper
Preceded byThe Duke of Shrewsbury
Succeeded byThe Duke of Newcastle
ConstituencyHampshire
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
27 April 1717 – 18 June 1720
MonarchGeorge I
Chancellor
  • The Lord Cowper
  • Lord Commissioners of the Great Seal:
Preceded byThe Viscount Townshend
Succeeded byThe Duke of Grafton
Governor of the Isle of Wight
In office
1707–1710
MonarchQueen Anne
ChancellorThe Lord Cowper
Preceded byThe Lord Cutts
Succeeded byJohn Richmond Webb
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
In office
1681–1698
Serving with
MonarchCharles II (until 1685)
James II (1685–1688)
Mary II and William III (1688–1694)
William III (1694–1702)
Preceded byThomas Jervoise
Succeeded byThomas Jervoise
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
In office
11 June 1699 – 15 September 1710
MonarchWilliam III (until 1702)
Anne (from 1702)
Chancellor
Preceded byThe Duke of Bolton
Succeeded byThe Duke of Beaufort
In office
5 August 1714 – 21 January 1722
MonarchGeorge I
Chancellor
  • The Lord Cowper
  • Lord Commissioners of the Great Seal:
Preceded byThe Duke of Beaufort
Succeeded byThe Duke of Bolton
Lord Lieutenant of Dorset
In office
9 June 1699 – 21 January 1722
MonarchWilliam III (until 1702)
Anne (1702–1714)
George I (from 1714)
Chancellor
Preceded byThe Duke of Bolton
Succeeded byThe Earl of Shaftesbury
18th Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
In office
1714–1722
MonarchGeorge I
Chancellor
Preceded byJohn Richmond Webb
Succeeded byThe Duke of Bolton
Personal details
Born
Charles Paulet

1661
DiedJanuary 21, 1722(1722-01-21) (aged 60–61)
NationalityEnglish (until 1707)
British (from 1707)
Spouse(s)Margaret Coventry (10 July 1679 – 7 February 1682)
Frances Ramsden (8 February 1683 – 22 November 1696)
Henrietta Crofts (1697 – 27 February 1730)
ChildrenWith Frances Ramsden:
Lady Frances Powlett, Viscountess Mordaunt
Charles Powlett, 3rd Duke of Bolton
Harry Powlett, 4th Duke of Bolton
Lady Mary Powlett
With Henrietta Crofts:
Lord Nassau Powlett
ParentsCharles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton (father)
Mary Scrope (mother)
EducationWinchester College
AwardsKnight of the Order of the Garter
Privy Counsellor
The 2nd Duke of Bolton
Title2nd Duke of Bolton
Tenure1699–1722
Other titles7th Marquess of Winchester
7th Earl of Wiltshire
7th Baron St John
PredecessorCharles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton
SuccessorCharles Powlett, 3rd Duke of Bolton
[1]
Quartered arms of Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton, KG, PC

Charles Paulet, 2nd Duke of Bolton KG PC (1661 – 21 January 1722) was Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, Member of Parliament for Hampshire and a supporter of William III of Orange.

Life[edit]

He was the son of Charles Paulet, 1st Duke of Bolton, and Mary Scrope, daughter of Emanuel Scrope, 1st Earl of Sunderland. From 1675 (when his father succeeded as Marquess of Winchester) until April 1689 (when his father was created 1st Duke of Bolton), he was styled Earl of Wiltshire. From 1689 until his succession to the Dukedom in 1699 he was styled Marquess of Winchester.[2]

He was Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire and Dorset, a commissioner to arrange the union of England and Scotland, and was twice a lord justice of the kingdom. He was also lord chamberlain of the royal household and Governor of the Isle of Wight.

In Jonathan Swift's tract Remarks on the Characters of the Court of Queen Anne, a commentary on the book Memoirs of the Secret Services by John Macky, in response to Macky's statement that the Duke "Does not now make any figure at court", Swift's dismissive reply was, "Nor anywhere else. A great booby".

Marriages and Children[edit]

Charles married three times:

Literature[edit]

  • Cokayne, George Edward; Gibbs, Vicary; Doubleday, Herbert Arthur; White, Geoffrey Henllan; Walden, Lord Howard de, Thomas Scott-Ellis (2000) [1910]. The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed. 2. Gloucester: Alan Sutton Publishing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cokayne et al. 2000, p. 211
  2. ^ Kilburn, Matthew. "Paulet, Charles". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21614.(Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Thomas Jervoise
Sir Francis Rolle
Member of Parliament for Hampshire
1681–1698
With: Sir Francis Rolle 1679–1685
Viscount Campden 1685–1689
Lord William Powlett 1689
Thomas Jervoise 1689–1690
Succeeded by
Richard Norton
Thomas Jervoise
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Sir Robert Holmes
Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
1692–1710
Succeeded by
John Richmond Webb
Preceded by
The Duke of Bolton
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1699–1710
Succeeded by
The Duke of Beaufort
Preceded by
The Earl of Bristol
Lord Lieutenant of Dorset
1699–1722
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bolton
Preceded by
The Lord Cutts
Governor of the Isle of Wight
1707–1710
Succeeded by
John Richmond Webb
Preceded by
The Duke of Beaufort
Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire
1714–1722
Succeeded by
The Duke of Bolton
Preceded by
John Richmond Webb
Vice-Admiral of Hampshire
1714–1722
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Shrewsbury
Lord Chamberlain
1715–1717
Succeeded by
The Duke of Newcastle
Preceded by
The Viscount Townshend
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1717–1720
Succeeded by
The Duke of Grafton
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Paulet
Duke of Bolton
1699–1722
Succeeded by
Charles Paulet