Charles Penrose (Royal Navy officer)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Sir Charles Penrose
Born 20 June 1759
Penryn, Cornwall
Died 1 January 1830 (1830-02) (aged 70)
Lostwithiel, Cornwall
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Rank Vice Admiral
Commands held HMS Lynx
HMS Cleopatra
HMS Resolution
HMS Sans Pareil
HMS Carnatic
Mediterranean Fleet
Battles/wars Fourth Anglo-Dutch War
French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George

Vice Admiral Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose KCB KCMG (20 June 1759 – 1 January 1830) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet.

Naval career[edit]

Penrose joined the Royal Navy in 1775.[1] He took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1781[1] and the capture of Martinique in 1793.[1] In 1794 he became Commander in HMS Lynx.[1] He later commanded HMS Cleopatra, HMS Resolution, HMS Sans Pareil and HMS Carnatic.[1]

During 1813 he commanded a small squadron operating off northern Spain and south-western France[1] with his flag in HMS Porcupine.[2] He coordinated naval support for the crossing of the Adour River in early 1814 that allowed the Anglo-Portuguese Army to isolate and invest Bayonne.[3] He went on to be become Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet in Autumn 1814.[1] He remained in this role until May 1815 when Viscount Exmouth reclaimed his former position again.[1] Penrose then accepted the position of Second-in-Command under Exmouth but was appointed overall Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet again in May 1816.[1] He retired in 1819.[1]


In 1787 he married Elizabeth Trevenen; they had three daughters.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Sir Charles Penrose at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Winfield (2008), p. 236.
  3. ^ Nauticus, p. 95


  • Nauticus (1943). "Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose". Mariner's Mirror. Cambridge, UK: Society for Nautical Research. 29 (April): 92–99. 
  • Winfield, Rif. British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1793-1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing, 2nd edition, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84415-717-4.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward Pellew
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
Succeeded by
Viscount Exmouth
Preceded by
Viscount Exmouth
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Fremantle