Charles Penrose (Royal Navy officer)

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Sir Charles Penrose
Born 20 June 1759
Penryn, Cornwall
Died 1 January 1830
Lostwithiel, Cornwall
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Naval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Rank Vice-Admiral
Commands held HMS Lynx
HMS Cleopatra
HMS Resolution
HMS Sans Pareil
HMS Carnatic
Mediterranean Fleet
Battles/wars Fourth Anglo-Dutch War
French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George

Vice-Admiral Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose KCB KCMG (20 June 1759 – 1 January 1830) was a Royal Navy officer who went on to be Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet.

Naval career[edit]

Penrose joined the Royal Navy in 1775.[1] He took part in the Battle of Dogger Bank in 1781[1] and the capture of Martinique in 1793.[1] In 1794 he became Commander in HMS Lynx.[1] He later commanded HMS Cleopatra, HMS Resolution, HMS Sans Pareil and HMS Carnatic.[1]

During 1813 he commanded a small squadron operating off northern Spain and south-western France[1] with his flag in HMS Porcupine.[2] He coordinated naval support for the crossing of the Adour River in early 1814 that allowed the Anglo-Portuguese Army to isolate and invest Bayonne.[3] He went on to be become Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet in Autumn 1814.[1] He remained in this role until May 1815 when Viscount Exmouth reclaimed his former position again.[1] Penrose then accepted the position of Second-in-Command under Exmouth but was appointed overall Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet again in May 1816.[1] He retired in 1819.[1]

Family[edit]

In 1787 he married Elizabeth Trevenen; they had three daughters.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Sir Charles Penrose at Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  2. ^ Winfield (2008), p. 236.
  3. ^ Nauticus, p. 95

References[edit]

  • Nauticus (1943). "Sir Charles Vinicombe Penrose". Mariner's Mirror (Cambridge, UK: Society for Nautical Research) 29 (April): 92–99. 
  • Winfield, Rif. British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1793-1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing, 2nd edition, 2008. ISBN 978-1-84415-717-4.
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Edward Pellew
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
1814–1815
Succeeded by
Viscount Exmouth
Preceded by
Viscount Exmouth
Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet
1816–1818
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Fremantle