Charles Pinckney National Historic Site

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Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Snee House.jpg
Snee Farm House, 1940
Map showing the location of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Map showing the location of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
LocationMount Pleasant, South Carolina, USA
Nearest cityCharleston, South Carolina
Coordinates32°50′46″N 79°49′29″W / 32.84611°N 79.82472°W / 32.84611; -79.82472Coordinates: 32°50′46″N 79°49′29″W / 32.84611°N 79.82472°W / 32.84611; -79.82472
Area28.45 acres (11.51 ha)[1]
EstablishedSeptember 8, 1988
Visitors45,254 (in 2011)[2]
Governing bodyNational Park Service
WebsiteCharles Pinckney National Historic Site
Snee Farm-Charles Pinckney National Historic Site
Nearest cityMount Pleasant, South Carolina
Built1824
NRHP reference #73001702[3]
Significant dates
Added to NRHPApril 13, 1973[3]
Designated NHLNovember 7, 1973

The Charles Pinckney National Historic Site is a unit of the United States National Park Service, preserving a portion of Charles Pinckney's Snee Farm plantation and country retreat.[4][5][6][7] The site is located at 1254 Long Point Road, Mount Pleasant, South Carolina. Pinckney (1757-1824) was a member of a prominent political family in South Carolina.

He fought in the American Revolutionary War, was held for a period as prisoner in the North, and returned to the state in 1783. He served as a delegate to the constitutional convention where he contributed to drafting the United States Constitution. He was elected to three non-consecutive terms as Governor of South Carolina, and as a member of the United States Senate and the House of Representatives.

He was appointed as President Thomas Jefferson's minister to Spain, after he helped the candidate win the presidential campaign of 1800. This Snee Farm site was designated as a National Historic Landmark in 1973, and was designated a National Historic Site in 1988.

Setting[edit]

The Charles Pinckney National Historic Site is located about 10 miles (16 km) northeast of Charleston, South Carolina, on 25 acres (10 ha) of Wando Neck, a peninsula formed at the confluence of the Wando and Cooper rivers. The site has wooded and swampy areas on the eastern and western parts of the property, and a manicured grassy area with ornamental plantings around the main house. The property includes, in addition to the main house, a barn, corncrib, and caretaker's residence. A stone cenotaph was erected in the late 20th century to commemorate Colonel Charles Pinckney, the father of governor Pinckney, who had acquired and developed Snee Farm as a rice and indigo plantation. It may have replaced an historic one installed by the younger Pinckney about 1785.[4]

History[edit]

Snee Farm was acquired by Colonel Charles Pinckney in 1754; he developed its 715 acres for the commodity crops of rice and indigo. He bequeathed it to his son Charles, who inherited it in 1782. The younger Pinckney used Snee Farm as a working plantation and country estate (it was conveniently accessible to Charleston by boat) until about 1816, when he placed the property in trust to settle debts.

The property was acquired in 1817 by Francis G. Deliesselines, who had it surveyed. William Mathews, another Low Country planter, bought the property in 1828. He demolished the existing buildings and had a new main house built that year, apparently on the original site of the first foundations. Mathews also had other plantations, and held a total of 352 slaves,[8] indicating that he owned thousands of acres. He owned Snee Farm into 1848.

The Coastal Cottage at Snee Farm is typical of its time, and representative of a vernacular style for country living, although it also features some refined spaces for entertaining. It is rectangular in plan with a side-gable roof, full-width front porch, and a brick pier foundation. The interior features elaborate molding, paneling, and other decorative details. A slave row of cabins was built perpendicular to the main road.[8]

The 715-acre estate and its outbuildings remained largely intact until the 1970s, when the owners subdivided it to profit from development near Charleston. The central portion of the historic estate, the house and 28 acres, makes up the current site, which was purchased in 1988 by preservationists. Following the passage of enabling legislation by the United States Congress, the National Park Service purchased the current site. Because the site no longer has any structures associated with the Pinckneys, details of their time on the property are limited to archaeological and documentary work.[4]

Photos[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011". Land Resource Division, National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  2. ^ "NPS Annual Recreation Visits Report". National Park Service. Retrieved 2012-12-26.
  3. ^ a b National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  4. ^ a b c "Cultural Resource History of Charles Pinckney National Historic Site" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2015-12-11.
  5. ^ Snell, Charles W. (January 15, 1973). "Snee Farm (Charles Pinckney Farm)" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. National Park Service. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  6. ^ "Snee Farm (Charles Pinckney Farm)" (pdf). Photographs. National Park Service. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  7. ^ "Snee Farm, Charleston County (Long Point Rd, off U.S. Hwy. 17, Mount Pleasant vicinity)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved 4 June 2012.
  8. ^ a b CHAPTER TWO: "THE LOW COUNTRY COASTAL COTTAGE AND SNEE FARM, 1828 – 1941", Charles Pinckney National Historic Site: Historic Resource Study, pp. 45-46

External links[edit]