Charles Edward Pratt
|Charles Edward Pratt|
15 July 1911|
Boston, Massachusetts, United States
|Died||24 February 1996
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
|Other names||Ned Pratt|
|Known for||West Coast Modern architecture|
|Notable work||Pratt House, Dal Grauer Substation, B.C. Electric Building, Tilden Drive-Yourself Office, University of British Columbia War Memorial Gymnasium|
Charles Edward "Ned" Pratt FRAIC (15 July 1911 – 24 February 1996) was a Canadian rower and architect who competed in the 1932 Summer Olympics and later became a principal of the Vancouver firm Thompson Berwick and Pratt and Partners. He was a major influence upon, and designer of, Modern architecture in Vancouver.
Early life and Olympics
Pratt was born in Boston, Massachusetts, and moved to Vancouver, Canada in 1921, at the age of 10. He attended the University of British Columbia from 1930-1933 and participated in the 1932 Summer Olympics Men’s Double Sculls in Los Angeles, with Noël de Mille. The pair won a bronze medal for Canada. In 1980, his Double Sculls partnership was inducted into the British Columbia Sports Hall of Fame.
Pratt studied architecture at the University of Toronto, graduating in 1938. In 1939, Pratt joined the firm Sharp and Thompson, became a principal in 1945, and transformed the firm Sharp and Thompson, Berwick and Pratt and Partners into the largest and most active architectural firm in western Canada.The primary architectural approach of the firm, and of Vancouver as a whole, was to imitate the traditional Beaux-Arts architecture of 19th-century Europe, but Pratt became an influential proponent of the relatively new clean-lined International Style of 20th-century architecture. In 1949, he incorporated an architectural manifesto for future West Coast homes into a high-profile exhibition at the Vancouver Art Gallery entitled "Design for Living." His design of his own 1951 home in West Vancouver adhered to his manifesto and was one of the first post-and-beam structures to use floor-to-ceiling windows, a form he popularized on the West Coast.In 1952, his Tilden Drive Yourself Office, whose floor-to-ceiling sheer glass and exposed steel framework were radical for downtown Vancouver at the time, won a Massey Silver Medal.
Pratt designed the 1954 Dal Grauer Substation, which became the first modernist building in the Vancouver’s West End, and, in collaboration with artist B.C. Binning, devised a Mondrian-inspired grid of colours behind its transparent glazed facade for the benefit of passers-by. He then gained national fame as the partner-in-charge of the British Columbia Electric Company head office in downtown Vancouver, which upon its completion in 1957 was the second high-rise built in Vancouver, and the first since 1931. For this project, he again collaborated with Binning, who devised a porcelain mosaic exterior wall whose colours referenced the natural beauty and climate of Vancouver (green for the forest, blue for the surrounding ocean, black for the mountains and frequent dark skies).
Pratt helped shape the careers of renowned architects Ronald Thom, Fred Hollingsworth and Barry Vance Downs and steered them and others towards a more rationalist and pragmatic design approach.He was highly active in the national design and beyond, serving alongside Eero Saarinen, Ernesto Nathan Rogers, Eric Arthur, Sir William Holford and Gordon Stephenson as a juror on the 1958 Toronto City Hall international design competition, and championing the eventual winner, architect Viljo Revell.
In 1968, Pratt was appointed to a federal housing task force of six people led by Transport Minister Paul Hellyer. The task force organized 25 public hearings in cities and towns across the country, beginning in Ottawa, to researching and report on inner-city traffic congestion, urban transit options, housing shortages. The committee was asked to come up with recommendations for financing costs, urban planning, and building techniques to improve the housing situation across Canada.
Pratt moved from Vancouver to Toronto in 1933 to study engineering at the University of Toronto, but his classmate and future partner Robert Berwick convinced him to switch to architecture. He married Catherine Gordon Lang in 1937, and the couple had two children: Peter Whitney Pratt and Antoinette Lang Pratt. During World War II, he served in the Royal Air Force from 1942-45. He died in a traffic accident on February 24, 1996.
- 1947: Saba House, Vancouver
- 1948: Ridgeview Elementary School, West Vancouver
- 1949: Craighead House, Vancouver
- 1949: Vancouver Vocational Institute
- 1950: Tilden Drive-Yourself Office, Vancouver (Massey Silver Medal; demolished 1972)
- 1951: Pratt House, West Vancouver
- 1952: War Memorial Gymnasium, University of British Columbia, Vancouver
- 1954: Dal Grauer Substation, Vancouver
- 1955: B.C. Electric Building, Victoria
- 1957: B.C. Electric Building, Vancouver
- 1961: Thea Koerner House (Graduate Student Centre), University of British Columbia, Vancouver
- Liscombe, Rhodri, The New Spirit: Modern Architecture in Vancouver, 1938-1963, Canadian Centre for Architecture and Douglas & McIntyre, 1997.
- "Olympics". sports-reference. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- Cernetig, Miro, "Ned Pratt", The Globe and Mail, April 4, 1996, p. A22
- Dheensaw, Cleve, Olympics 100: Canada at the Summer Games, Orca Book Publishers, Victoria, British Columbia, 1996, p. 67
- Greenberg, Stan, The Guinness Olympics Fact Book, Guinness Publishing, Middlesex, 1991, p. 158.
- http://www.bcsportshalloffame.com, inductees.
- Rossiter, Sean, "Vancouver's Towering Talent", The Georgia Straight, January 4, 1996, p. 11.
- Kalman, Harold, A History of Canadian Architecture, Vol. 2, Oxford University Press, Toronto, 1994, p. 787
- Weder, Adele, "Homecoming for an architect's son", The Globe and Mail, June 22, 2012.
- Alfoldy, Sandra, The Allied Arts: Architecture and Craft in Postwar Canada, McGill-Queen's University Press, Montreal, 2012, p. 97.
- Liscombe, Rhodri, The New Spirit: Modern Architecture in Vancouver 1938-1963, Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, with the Canadian Centre for Architecture, Montreal, 1997, p. 123.
- Jury Report, Journal of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada, October 1958, pp. 362-363.
- Vancouver Province, August 31st, 1968, p. 18