Charles Prendergast

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Charles Prendergast, Rising Sun, 1912

Charles Prendergast (1863 – 1948) was a Canadian-American Post-Impressionist artist as well as a designer and maker of picture frames. He was the younger brother of the artist, Maurice Prendergast.

Life[edit]

Charles Prendergast was born on 27 May 1863 in St John's, Newfoundland, Canada. In 1868 the family moved to Boston, Massachusetts,[1] where he lived until 1914 when he and his brother moved to New York City.

In 1890 he traveled to Paris with Maurice, taking art classes with his brother who was studying at the Académie Colarossi and the Académie Julian.[2] On his return to Boston, Charles became a custom woodworker, eventually focusing on creating unique picture frames influenced by the Arts and Crafts movement. He produced “highly prized, hand-carved frames for the greatest artists of his day, including John Singer Sargent.[3]

He traveled to Italy in 1911, again with his brother, visiting Florence, Venice, Pisa, and Siena.[4] On his return to Boston, he began to produce paintings in addition to his frames; he was then almost fifty years old. His first painting, Rising Sun, was on a carved wood and gesso panel.[5]

In 1915 he exhibited his paintings at the Montross Gallery in New York and in 1917 and 1918 at the Society of Independent Artists.[6] Throughout the 1930s and 1940s he exhibited at the Kraushaar Galleries,[7] also in New York.

In 1927, Prendergast married Eugénie Van Kemmel. He died on 20 August 1948 at the age of eighty-five in Westport, Connecticut.[8]

The Williams College Museum of Art in Williamstown, Massachusetts maintains the "Prendergast Archive and Study Center"; it was established in 1983 in cooperation with Charles' widow, Eugénie Prendergast (1894–1994). Their collection holds approximately four hundred works by Charles and Maurice Prendergast, as well as about fifteen-hundred related archival objects.[9]

Influence of Maurice Prendergast[edit]

Richard J. Wattenmaker, then Director of the Rutgers University Art Gallery, wrote in 1968: "By far the most pervasive influence on Prendergast was the work of his brother, Maurice. The profound intimacy of ideas between the two is freely reflected in the joyous spontaneity and jewel-like, color-laden decorativeness which permeate both their work, as well as the innovational flexibility with which each handles his chosen medium."[10]

Art market[edit]

In May 1998 Charles Prendergast's painting, Spirit of the Hunt, sold for $1,432,500 in a public auction at Christie's.[11]

Spirit of the Hunt is signed with the initials of both Charles and his brother, Maurice, but Nancy Mowll Mathews, art historian and noted authority on the Prendergasts, writes: "The style of this panel can only be associated with Charles. [...] Indeed, when the work was published in 1919, no mention is made of the hand of Maurice."[11]

Collections[edit]

This is an incomplete list.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prendergast Archive and Study Center Biography". Williams College Museum of Art. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  2. ^ Mathews, Nancy Mowll (1993). Charles Prendergast. Williamstown, MA.: Williams College Museum of Art. p. 10. ISBN 0-913697-16-8.
  3. ^ Prendergast Archive and Study Center Biography
  4. ^ Richard J. Wattenmaker (1968). Charles Prendergast: 1863-1948. Rutgers University Art Gallery and the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. p. 11. LCCN 68009480.
  5. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 12.
  6. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 13.
  7. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 14.
  8. ^ Nancy Mowll Mathews (1993). p. 35.
  9. ^ "About the Study Center". Williams College Museum of Art. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  10. ^ Wattenmaker (1968), p. 28.
  11. ^ a b c "Christie's auction; sale 8886 lot 145". Essay by Nancy Mowll Mathews. New York: Christie's. 21 May 1998. Retrieved 12 December 2013.
  12. ^ a b "Three-Panel Screen". Christie's. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013.
  13. ^ "The Offering". Christie's. Archived from the original on 11 December 2013.

Catalogue raisonné[edit]

  • Clark, Carol; Mathews, Nancy Mowll; Owens, Gwendolyn (1990). Maurice Brazil Prendergast, Charles Prendergast: A Catalogue Raisonné. Williamstown, MA: Williams College Museum of Art and Prestel-Verlag, Munich. ISBN 9783791309651.

Further reading[edit]

  • Brooks, Van Wyck (1938). The Prendergasts: Retrospective Exhibition of the Works of Maurice and Charles Prendergast. Andover, MA.: Addison Gallery, Phillips Academy.
  • Krens, Thomas; Prendergast, Charles; Prendergast, Maurice (1983). The Art of Maurice & Charles Prendergast. Williamstown, MA.: Williams College Museum of Art.
  • Rhys, Hedley Howell (1960). Maurice Prendergast. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston and Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

External links[edit]