Link & Haire

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Cellblock No. 1, Montana State Prison, Deer Lodge, 1912.
County Courthouse, Sidney, 1927.
County Courthouse, Medford, 1931.
County Courthouse, Glendive, 1961.

Link & Haire was a prolific architectural firm in Montana, formally established on January 1, 1906.[1] It designed a number of buildings that are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[2]

Partner biographies[edit]

John Gustave Link was born in Bavaria on May 13, 1870, emigrating to the United States in 1887.[3] He practiced architecture in Denver and St. Louis before relocating to Butte in 1896.[4] He soon formed the partnership of Link & Donovan with William E. Donovan, which was dissolved in 1900. He then formed Link & Carter, with Joseph T. Carter. In 1902 Link went to Billings, a city 228 miles east of Butte, where he established the firm's second office,[5] leaving the Butte office under Carter's supervision. After Carter departed in 1905, Link had to find a new architect to manage the Butte office. He found his man in the form of the older Charles S. Haire, a prominent Helena architect. The two men formally established their partnership on January 1, 1906, with Link in Billings and Haire in Butte.

Upon Haire's death in 1925, his place was taken by his son, Thomas. Link departed soon after, relocating to Spokane, Washington, where he established Link & Rasque with George M. Rasque.[6] He returned to Billings in 1926, and his firm became J. G. Link, Inc. In 1935 Link's son John G. Link, Jr. was admitted to the firm. He retired in 1936,[3] handing the firm over fully to his sons, John and Elmer F. Link. John G. Link, Sr. died in Billings in January of 1954.[7]

Charles Sidney Haire was born in Hamilton County, Ohio on June 4, 1857. He attended Hughes High School in Cincinnati, graduating in 1876. It was in Ohio that he studied architecture, from 1879 to 1886. He then worked as a draftsman for the Union Pacific Railroad at Pocatello, Idaho and the Great Northern Railway in Butte, ultimately relocating to Helena in 1893, where he established his own office.[8] Haire practiced alone until he formed a partnership with J. G. Link in January of 1906.

Haire was elected to the American Institute of Architects in 1921, and died February 3, 1925 in Olympia, Washington, while en route to Montana from California. At the time of his death, his last completed work, the Montana Life Insurance Building at Helena, was regarded as his greatest.[8]

Architectural works[edit]

Charles S. Haire, 1893-1905[edit]

Link & Donovan, 1896-1900[edit]

  • 1898 - Largey Flats, 405 W Broadway St, Butte, Montana[18]
  • 1899 - Mountain View M. E. Church, 301 N Montana St, Butte, Montana[19]

Link & Carter, 1900-1905[edit]

Link & Haire, 1906-1925[edit]

Link & Rasque, 1925-1926[edit]

J. G. Link, Inc., 1926-1935[edit]

J. G. Link & Son Company, 1935-1936[edit]

J. G. Link & Company, from 1936[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pacific Reporter 1926: 954.
  2. ^ Staff (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b "Link and Haire, Architects, records, 1904-1926". http://archiveswest.orbiscascade.org/. n.d.
  4. ^ Lambert, Kirby, Patricia Mullan Burnham, Susan R. Near. Montana's State Capitol: The People's House. 2002.
  5. ^ Improvement Bulletin 24 May 1902: 12.
  6. ^ Architect and Engineer May 1926: 120.
  7. ^ a b Montana-Dakota Utilities Building. https://cdn.loc.gov. 2008.
  8. ^ a b "Charles Sidney Haire". Journal of the American Institute of Architects July 1925: 275.
  9. ^ Montana Soldiers' Home Historic District NRHP Nomination. 1993.
  10. ^ St. Mary of the Assumption NRHP Nomination. 1985.
  11. ^ Lewis and Clark County Hospital Historic District NRHP Nomination. 2002.
  12. ^ a b Helena Historic District (Amendment) NRHP Nomination. 1990.
  13. ^ Parmly Billings Memorial Library NRHP Nomination. 1972.
  14. ^ Dillon City Library NRHP Nomination. 1978.
  15. ^ Silver Bow County Poor Farm Hospital NRHP Nomination. 1981.
  16. ^ Ursuline Convent of the Sacred Heart NRHP Nomination. 1992.
  17. ^ Bozeman Carnegie Library NRHP nomination. 1979.
  18. ^ Improvement Bulletin 1898: 44.
  19. ^ "Mountain View Methodist Episcopal Church (301 North Montana)". http://butte-anacondanhld.blogspot.com/. 5 May 2013.
  20. ^ "Item: Butte Miner Bldg". http://arc.lib.montana.edu/. n.d. Web.; "What Was There? 69-71 West Broadway". http://buttehistory.blogspot.com/. 25 Nov. 2013. Web.
  21. ^ Engineering News 16 May 1901: 173.
  22. ^ Improvement Bulletin 30 March 1901: 18.
  23. ^ Improvement Bulletin 30 Nov. 1901: 20.
  24. ^ American Architect and Building News 17 May 1902: x.
  25. ^ North, Austin House NRHP Nomination. 1976.
  26. ^ "Montana at the Louisiana Purchase Exposition". Contributions to the Historical Society of Montana. Vol. 6. 1907.
  27. ^ O'Donnell, I. D. House NRHP Nomination. 1977.
  28. ^ Improvement Bulletin 11 March 1905: 19.
  29. ^ Montana State Normal School NRHP Nomination. 1980.
  30. ^ Adams Hotel NRHP Nomination. 2005.
  31. ^ Forsyth Main Street Historic District NRHP Nomination. 1990.
  32. ^ a b c Main Street Historic District NRHP Nomination. 1989.
  33. ^ Grandey Elementary School NRHP Nomination. 1978.
  34. ^ Hellgate Lodge 383 BPOE NRHP Nomination. 1990.
  35. ^ Fisher, Burr House NRHP Nomination. 1985.
  36. ^ Masonic Lodge NRHP Nomination. 1990.
  37. ^ Holy Rosary Hospital NRHP Nomination. 2008.
  38. ^ Keith, John M. House NRHP Nomination. 1983.
  39. ^ Masonic Temple NRHP Nomination. 1986.
  40. ^ Montana Territorial and State Prison NRHP nomination. 1976.
  41. ^ Historic Resources of Philipsburg, Montana NRHP Nomination. 1986.
  42. ^ Carnegie Public Library NRHP Nomination. 2005.
  43. ^ Rosebud County Courthouse NRHP Nomination. 1986.
  44. ^ Construction News 3 Jan. 1914: 20.
  45. ^ Fallon County Jail NRHP Nomination. 1998.
  46. ^ Huntoon Residence NRHP Nomination. 1985.
  47. ^ Rundle Building NRHP Nomination. 2006.
  48. ^ St. Leo's Catholic Church NRHP Nomination. 1982.
  49. ^ Algeria Shrine Temple NRHP Nomination. 1988.
  50. ^ Sundance School NRHP Nomination. 1985.
  51. ^ Benton County Courthouse NRHP Nomination. 1976.
  52. ^ "Richland County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2011.
  53. ^ "Jackson County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2015.
  54. ^ a b Baumler, Ellen. Dark Spaces: Montana's Historic Penitentiary at Deer Lodge. 2008.
  55. ^ Bridgemen's Magazine 1935: 803.
  56. ^ "Washakie County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2013.
  57. ^ "Big Horn County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2012.
  58. ^ Bridgemen's Magazine 1937: 665.
  59. ^ "Musselshell County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2011.
  60. ^ Engineering News-Record 1 April 1948: 126.
  61. ^ Engineering News-Record 31 March 1949: 96.
  62. ^ "McCone County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2011.
  63. ^ Montana Standard (Butte, MT) 16 Sept. 1950: 14.
  64. ^ Engineering News-Record 30 Aug. 1951: 82.
  65. ^ Engineering News-Record 1954: 118.
  66. ^ Montana State Training School Historic District NRHP Nomination. 2014.
  67. ^ "Dawson County". http://www.courthouses.co/. 2012.
  68. ^ Engineering News-Record 15 Nov. 1962: 109.