Charles Seymour Whitman
Charles Seymour Whitman
|41st Governor of New York|
January 1, 1915 – December 31, 1918
|Preceded by||Martin H. Glynn|
|Succeeded by||Alfred E. Smith|
|New York County District Attorney|
|Preceded by||William Travers Jerome|
|Succeeded by||Charles A. Perkins|
|Born||September 29, 1868|
Hanover, Connecticut, U.S.
|Died||March 29, 1947 (aged 78)|
New York City, U.S.
(m. 1908; died 1928)
|Relations||John Russell Whitman (grandson)|
|Education||Amherst College (B.A.)|
New York University School of Law (LL.B.)
Charles Seymour Whitman (September 29, 1868 – March 29, 1947) was an American lawyer who served as the 41st Governor of New York from January 1, 1915, to December 31, 1918. An attorney and politician, he also served as a delegate from New York to the 1916 Republican National Convention. He had previously served as deputy and New York County District Attorney, in addition to state judge.
Early life, education and career
Whitman was born in Hanover, Connecticut on September 29, 1868, the son of John Seymour Whitman (1833–1909) and Olivia (née Arne) Whitman (1831–1904).
He graduated from Amherst College in 1890. Whitman studied law at New York University School of Law where he graduated in 1894. He was admitted to the bar later that year, and set up a practice in New York City.
In 1901, he was appointed assistant corporation counsel of New York County, New York. He was next elected as city magistrate. In this capacity, he founded the Night Court for the immediate trial of all offenders arrested at night.
In 1907, Governor Charles Evans Hughes appointed Whitman as a judge of the Court of Sessions. The following year Hughes appointed him as deputy state attorney general in the investigation of election frauds in northern New York.
New York County District Attorney
In 1909, Whitman was elected as New York County District Attorney on a Fusion ticket. In this capacity, he secured representation of the District Attorney's staff in the city magistrate's office. He was also known for his vigorous prosecution of arson offenders, which contributed to a decline in such fires.
As District Attorney, Whitman gained national fame in prosecuting New York City Police Lt. Charles Becker for the July 16, 1912, murder of Herman Rosenthal, a Times Square gambling house operator, in front of the Hotel Metropole on West 43rd Street. The building was owned by "Big Tim" Sullivan, a leader of the Lower East Side Tammany Hall political machine.
During this period, Whitman used his membership in the Union League Club of New York to conduct secret interviews there of witnesses during the Becker case, as he feared he was under surveillance. Whitman's prosecution revealed the corrupt relations between certain members of the New York City police and professional criminals, and resulted in reforms of the police. Becker was convicted in a jury trial and sentenced to death. Later, as governor, Whitman signed Becker's death warrant and presided over his electrocution.
Whitman's handling of the murder case of Hans Schmidt, a priest, and his prosecution of the poultry trust and of election frauds also gained him high praise. After being renominated for District Attorney in 1913, he was elected almost unanimously.
Governor of New York
Whitman was elected in 1914 as the 41st Governor of New York, serving from January 1915 to December 1918. His principal plank was the reformation of the state finances. He reorganized state departments and conducted a thorough investigation of the salaries of civil service employees.
In 1915, he became a member of the Empire State Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. This lineage society was based on descent from men who had served with the patriots in the revolution.
In 1916, Whitman won re-election as governor against reform Democrat Judge Samuel Seabury. After his election, he sent a report of his first term as governor to every registered voter; it included reports of the heads of his state departments. He also inaugurated a state constabulary.
After the United States entered into World War I, Whitman established a new state guard to replace the National Guard, which was on service in France. In 1916, he was elected as chairman of the Republican National Convention, where he urged the nomination of former New York Governor Hughes for President of the United States. In 1917, he commissioned the creation of the New York State Police and selected George Fletcher Chandler, a physician and major in the National Guard, to organize and head the force.
In 1918, Whitman was defeated for re-election by Democrat Al Smith (then President of the New York City Board of Aldermen and associated with Tammany Hall). Smith drew from the growing strength of recent immigrants and their descendants.
- Olive Whitman
- Charles S. Whitman, Jr, (1915–2002), who was a New York Judge.
After the death of his first wife in 1928, in 1933 he married Thelma Somerville (née Cudlipp) Grosvenor (1891–1983), the widow of Edwin Prescott Grosvenor, himself the son of Edwin A. Grosvenor (1845–1936) and brother of Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor.
His portrait was painted in 1921 by the Swiss-born American portrait painter Adolfo Müller-Ury (1862–1947) and is the property of the New York State Capitol at Albany; Müller-Ury had previously painted a portrait of his baby daughter, Olive (the future Mrs Parsons), which was much admired when exhibited, and was given by her to the Preservation Society of Newport County, Rhode Island, where it now hangs at Green Animals.
His grandson, former First Gentleman of New Jersey John Russell Whitman (1944–2015), married Christine Todd (b. 1946), who served as a Republican Governor of New Jersey and Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency.
- Robert Slayton's biography, Empire Statesman: the Rise and Redemption of Al Smith, discusses Whitman's governorship and campaigns for the office against Smith.
- Whitman is a character in E.L. Doctorow's historical novel Ragtime (although he does not figure significantly in the later film based on the novel).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). . Encyclopedia Americana.
- "The first Republican Governor of New York since Hughes". The Independent. November 16, 1914. Retrieved July 24, 2012.
- "NYSP History: 1917 to 1929 The Formative Years". www.troopers.ny.gov. New York State Police. Retrieved April 19, 2017.
- "Ex-Judge Whitman Weds. His Marriage To Miss Hitchcock Takes Place At Church Of The Ascension". The New York Times. December 23, 1908.
- "Mrs. C. S. Whitman Dies Of Pneumonia. Ex-Governor's Wife Long Active in Political, Social and Charitable Causes". The New York Times. May 30, 1926.
- "Ex-Gov. Whitman Dies Here At 78. Executive of State, 1915–18, 'Broke' Rosenthal Case as District Attorney in 1912 78". The New York Times. March 30, 1947. Retrieved September 30, 2017.
- "Ex-Gov. Whitman Engaged To Marry. Betrothal To Mrs. Thelma S. C. Grosvenor, Widow Of Lawyer, Is Announced. Fiance Formerly Judge Served As District Attorney Of New York County His Daughter To Be Wed In June". The New York Times. April 5, 1933.
- "Ex-Gov. Whitman Married Quietly. Mrs. E. P. Grosvenor Becomes His Bride As Two Families Witness Ceremony. Neither Has Attendants. Rev. Dr. J. V. Moldenhawer Officiates. Bridegroom's Daughter To Be Married On June 5". The New York Times. April 7, 1933.
- "Death Takes Ex-Governor Of New York. Charles S. Whitman, Hanover, Conn., Native Was Elected in 1914". Associated Press in The Hartford Courant. March 30, 1947. Retrieved March 22, 2010.
Charles S. Whitman, 78, former governor of New York, died tonight.
- Robert A. Slayton, Empire Statesman: The Rise and Redemption of Al Smith (New York, 2001: The Free Press; ISBN 978-0-684-86302-3), especially pages 116 to 121.
|Wikisource has the text of a 1921 Collier's Encyclopedia article about Charles S. Whitman.|