9 June 1943 |
|Alma mater||London College of Communication|
|Occupation||Advertising executive, art collector and creative director|
|Known for||Saatchi Gallery
Saatchi & Saatchi
|Spouse(s)||Doris Lockhart (m. 1973–90)
Kay Hartenstein (m. 1990–2001)
Nigella Lawson (m. 2003–13)
|Children||1 daughter, Phoebe|
Charles Saatchi (//; Arabic: تشارلز ساعتجي ; born 9 June 1943) is a British businessman and the co-founder with his brother Maurice of advertising agency Saatchi & Saatchi. The brothers led the business – the world's largest advertising agency in the 1980s – until they were forced out in 1995. In the same year, the brothers formed a new agency called M&C Saatchi. Saatchi is also known for his art collection and for owning Saatchi Gallery, and in particular for his sponsorship of the Young British Artists (YBAs), including Damien Hirst and Tracey Emin.
Charles Saatchi is the second of four sons born to Nathan Saatchi and Daisy Ezer, a wealthy Iraqi Jewish family in Baghdad, Iraq. The name "Saatchi" ساعتچی (sā'ātchi), which means "watchmaker", originates from Persian. ساعتچي This name has a long history in Iran and its bearers are mostly Jewish. Famous for owning antique shops, watch shops, gold and jewellery. Saatchi's brothers are David (born 1937), Maurice (born 1946) and Philip (born 1953). In 1947 his father, a textile merchant, anticipated the flight that tens of thousands of Iraqi Jews would soon make to avoid persecution and relocated his family to Finchley, London. Nathan Saatchi purchased two textile mills in north London and after a time rebuilt a thriving business. Eventually the family would settle into an eight-bedroom house in Hampstead Lane, Highgate.
Saatchi attended Christ's College, a grammar school in north London. During this time, he developed an obsession with US pop culture, including the music of Elvis Presley, Little Richard and Chuck Berry. He has described as "life-changing" the experience of viewing a Jackson Pollock painting at the Museum of Modern Art in New York. He then progressed to study at the London College of Communication.
In 1965, Saatchi undertook his first advertising role as a copywriter in the London office of Benton & Bowles, where he met Doris Lockhart (later his first wife). Saatchi paired up with art director Ross Cramer and they worked as a team at Collett Dickenson Pearce and John Collins & Partners before leaving in 1967 to open creative consultancy Cramer Saatchi.
Unusually for a creative consultancy, they took on employees: John Hegarty – previously Saatchi's art director at Benton & Bowles, who would later go on to run rival agency Bartle Bogle Hegarty – and Jeremy Sinclair, who as of 2016 still retains a senior role at M&C Saatchi. In addition to offering consulting with ad agencies they also took on some clients directly.
Saatchi and Saatchi
In 1970, he started the advertising agency Saatchi & Saatchi with his brother Maurice, which by 1986 – following its acquisition of advertising firm Ted Bates – had grown to be the largest ad agency in the world, with over 600 offices. Successful campaigns in the UK included Silk Cut's advertisements in preparation for the ban on named tobacco advertising, and the Conservative Party's 1979 general election victory – led by Margaret Thatcher through the slogan "Labour Isn't Working".
At the turn of 1995, Saatchi and his brother left the agency, and together founded the rival M&C Saatchi agency, taking with them many of their management and creative staff, as well as a number of clients – including British Airways.
In 1969, at age 26, Saatchi purchased his first work of art by Sol LeWitt, a New York minimalist. Saatchi initially patronised the Lisson Gallery in Marylebone, London, which specialised in American minimalist works. He later purchased an entire show by Robert Mangold.
In the early 1980s, Saatchi purchased a 30,000 sq ft (2,800 m2) cement-floored and steel-girded warehouse at 98A Boundary Road in the residential London suburb of St. John's Wood. The building was transformed by architect Max Gordon into the Saatchi Gallery, which was subsequently opened to the public in February 1985 to exhibit the art Saatchi had collected.
His taste has mutated from American abstraction and minimalism to the Young British Artists (YBAs), whose work he first saw at Goldsmith's Art School. At the YBAs' 1990 Gambler exhibition, Saatchi bought Damian Hirst's first major 'animal' installation, A Thousand Years. In 1991, he acquired major artworks by Hirst and Marc Quinn, becoming instrumental in launching their careers. His renown as a patron peaked in 1997, when part of his collection was shown at the Royal Academy as the exhibition Sensation, which travelled to Berlin and New York causing headlines and some offence (for example, to the families of children murdered by Myra Hindley, who was portrayed in one of the works), and consolidating the position of Hirst, Emin and other YBAs.
In 2009, he published the book My Name Is Charles Saatchi And I Am An Artoholic. Subtitled "Everything You Need To Know About Art, Ads, Life, God And Other Mysteries And Weren't Afraid To Ask", it presents Saatchi's answers to a number of questions submitted by members of the public and journalists.
From November to December 2009, he had a television programme on the BBC called School of Saatchi in which he gave young aspiring artists an opportunity to showcase their work. He made no appearance in the programme, only communicating through an assistant.
The Saatchi Gallery featured in a list of the most visited art museums in the world, based on an attendance survey for 2014, compiled by The Art Newspaper, with 1,505,608 visitors. In the same survey, the gallery was shown to have hosted 15 of the 20 most visited exhibitions in London over the last 5 years.
Books published by Charles Saatchi include:
Looking Over Your Opponent's Shoulder. (1998) Bow Publications. ISBN 0861291484
Charles Saatchi: Question. (2010) Phaidon. ISBN 9780714857091
My Name Is Charles Saatchi And I Am An Artoholic. (2012) Phaidon. ISBN 9781861543332
Be the Worst You Can be: Life's Too Long for Patience and Virtue. (2012) Abrams. ISBN 9781419703737
The Naked Eye. (2013) Booth-Clibborn Editions. ISBN 9781861543400
Babble. (2013) Booth-Clibborn Editions. ISBN 9781861543370
Known Unknowns. (2014) Booth-Clibborn Editions. ISBN 9781861543608
DEAD, A Celebration of Mortality. (2015) Booth-Clibborn Editions. ISBN 9781861543592
Beyond Belief: Racist, Sexist, Rude, Crude and Dishonest: The Golden Age of Madison Avenue. (2015) Booth-Clibborn Editions. ISBN 9781861543721
In July 2010, Charles Saatchi announced he would be donating the Saatchi Gallery and over 200 works of art to the British public. The donation was estimated to be worth £30 million.
He has donated over 100 works to the Tate Gallery, Art for Hospitals and the Arts Council.
According to the Times Online, Saatchi is "reclusive", even hiding from clients when they visited his agency's offices and, as of February 2009, has only ever granted two newspaper interviews. He does not attend his own exhibition openings; when asked why by The Sunday Telegraph, he replied: "I don't go to other people's openings, so I extend the same courtesy to my own."
Saatchi first met Doris Lockhart Dibley (as she was then known) in 1965 when she was a copy group head above him at Benton & Bowles. She was a native of Memphis, Tennessee and Kevin Goldman describes her as "a sophisticated woman who spoke several languages, knew a great deal about art and wine and who had graduated from Smith College and the Sorbonne". She became known during their marriage as an art and design journalist, with particular knowledge of American art and minimalism. They lived together for six years before getting married in 1973 and divorcing in 1990.
Saatchi's second wife was Kay Hartenstein (to whom he was married from 1990 to 2001) an American Condé Nast advertising executive from Little Rock, Arkansas. Together they have a daughter, Phoebe.
Saatchi married his third wife, British journalist, author and cook Nigella Lawson, having drawn disapproval when she moved in with him nine months after her previous husband's death. In January 2011, Saatchi and Lawson moved from their former home in Belgravia to a new home in Chelsea, London. This was a double fronted seven-bedroom villa converted from its former use as a warehouse and conveniently situated only 200 metres from Saatchi's contemporary art gallery in King's Road, London. They lived with her two children Cosima and Bruno, as well as Phoebe.
In June 2013, while dining at Scott's, a London seafood restaurant, Saatchi was photographed with his hand around Lawson's throat. The day after the pictures were published, Saatchi said they were misleading and depicted only a "playful tiff".
In early July, it was announced that the couple were to divorce. Lawson cited ongoing unreasonable behaviour in her divorce petition. On 31 July 2013, seven weeks after the incident, Saatchi and Lawson were granted a decree nisi, ending their ten-year marriage. They reached a private financial settlement. R v Grillo and Grillo, a trial for fraud involving the former couple's two Italian-born personal assistants, sisters Elisabetta and Francesca Grillo, began on 27 November 2013.
- "Charles, Iraqi Saatchi". Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
- Alkalesi, Yasin M. (October 2006). "Nouns of Occupations with Suffixes -chi and -chiyya". Modern Iraqi Arabic: A Textbook. Georgetown University Press. ISBN 978-1-58901-130-4.
- Goldman – Conflicting Accounts
- Thomson, Alice; Rachel Sylvester (28 February 2009). "The Saturday interview: Charles Saatchi". London: Times Online. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
- Jones, Chris (12 July 2002). "Charles Saatchi: Artful adman". BBC News. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
- Gleadell, Colin (31 December 2001). "Adventures in Saatchiland". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 25 November 2009.
- Darwent, Charles (17 October 1998). "Pieces From a Confessional". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Tungate, Mark (2007). Adland: A Global History of Advertising. Kogan Page Publishers. p. 94. ISBN 0749464313.
- Pasiuk, Laurie (2005). Vault Guide to the Top Advertising & PR Employers. Vault Inc. p. 135. ISBN 1581313837.
- "Charles Saatchi and BBC set to launch reality tv show to discover next generation of artistic talent". 27 January 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "Advertising Shoots Itself in the Foot. Again.". 21 June 2012. Retrieved 23 March 2016.
- Gibson, J (2005). Art and Advertising. London: I.B. Tauris & Co Ltd. p. 54. ISBN 1850435855.
- McSmith, Andy (13 September 2007). "they said Labour isn't working. Now Saatchi & Saatchi works for Labour". Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "British Airways head praises Maurice Saatchi". Reuters. 4 January 1996.
- Frascina, Francis (June 2013). "Thatcher's Legacy". Art Monthly. 367: 4.
- Goldman, K (1997). Conflicting Accounts: The Creation and Crash of the Saatchi and Saatchi Advertising Empire. New York: Touchstone. p. 149. ISBN 0684815710.
- Anderson, Jamie (2010). The Fine Art of Success: How Learning Great Art Can Create Great Business. Wiley. ISBN 978-0-470-66106-2.
- Kino, Carol (22 October 1995). "Art; Not One Drop of British Reserve". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- ISBN 0-7148-5747-5
- Hewage, Tim. "Saatchi Donates Art Collection To Public", Sky News, 1 July 2010.
- Dorment, Richard (1 July 2010). "Charles Saatchi's donation". The Daily Telegraph. London.
- "Instituto Brasileiro de Museus" (PDF). Instituto Brasileiro de Museus. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 14 January 2016.
- Solomon, Deborah (26 September 1999). "The Collector". The New York Times. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "The Real Saatchis Masters of Illusion (1999)". bfi.org.uk. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- "School of Saatchi, BBC Two, review". The Telegraph. 27 November 2009. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
- Nikkah, Roya (19 August 2012). "Charles Saatchi's £30 million gift to the nation goes begging". The Telegraph.
- "Readers' questions". The Sunday Telegraph. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
- "Rich List 2009". London: Times Online. 2009. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
- Darwent, Charles (18 October 1998). "Pieces from a confessional". London: The Independent. Retrieved 24 November 2009.
- Goldman, p.39
- Heller Anderson, Susan (13 August 1990). "Chronicle". The New York Times (New York ed.). The New York Times. p. B6. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- Dougary, Ginny (26 July 2008). "Kay Saatchi on life after Charles Saatchi". The Times. London: Times Newspapers. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- Wentz, Laurel (28 February 2000). "Saatchi at 5: After a stormy beginning, M&C Saatchi has crafted success in London, but the US remains elusive". Advertising Age.
- "Jonathan Ross cooks up a storm with Nigella Lawson". BBC Press Office, 10 October 2003; retrieved 30 September 2007.
- Sands, Sarah. I don't want to be some kitchen blow-up sex doll. Daily Mail, 1 December 2006; retrieved 29 July 2012.
- Hilton, Beth. Lawson 'won't leave children a penny'. Digital Spy, 29 January 2008. Retrieved on 31 January 2008.
- Jones, Sam (31 July 2013). "Nigella Lawson and Charles Saatchi granted divorce in 70-second hearing". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Victoria Ward "Nigella Lawson 'attacked by husband' at restaurant", telegraph.co.uk, 16 June 2013
- Sears, Neil (23 June 2013). "Nigella Lawson's throat attack ordeal Charles Saatchi momentary tiff". London: Daily Mail.
- "Charles Saatchi and Nigella Lawson to divorce", BBC News, 7 July 2013
- "Nigella Lawson and Charles Saatchi marriage 'secrecy'", BBC News, 27 November 2013
- Hatton, Rita and Walker, John A. Supercollector: A Critique of Charles Saatchi, Institute of Artology, 2005. ISBN 0-9545702-2-7
- Kent, Sarah. Shark Infested Waters: The Saatchi Collection of British Art in the 90s, Philip Wilson Publishers Ltd, 2003. ISBN 0-85667-584-9
- Goldman, Kevin Conflicting Accounts – The Creation & Crash of the Saatchi & Saatchi Empire, Simon & Schuster, New York, 1997. ISBN 0-684-83553-3
- The Saatchi Gallery
- Works by or about Charles Saatchi in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- "Charles Saatchi collected news and commentary". The New York Times.
- Guardian Interview, 6 September 2006
- Saatchi answers reader's questions on Times Online, 4 April 2010
- Saatchi Says He'll Give Britain His Gallery and Over $37 Million in Art, The New York Times, 1 July 2010