Charles Sackville-Germain, 5th Duke of Dorset

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The Duke of Dorset

Fifth Duke of Dorset.jpg
Memorial to the Duke of Dorset in St Peter's Church, Lowick
Master of the Horse
In office
12 December 1821 – 9 April 1827
MonarchGeorge IV
Prime MinisterThe Earl of Liverpool
Preceded byThe Duke of Montrose
Succeeded byThe Duke of Leeds
In office
1 January 1835 – 8 April 1835
MonarchWilliam IV
Prime MinisterSir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded byThe Earl of Albemarle
Succeeded byThe Earl of Albemarle
Personal details
Born27 August 1767
Died29 July 1843 (1843-07-30) (aged 75)
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory

Charles Sackville-Germain, 5th Duke of Dorset KG PC (27 August 1767 – 29 July 1843), known as Charles Sackville between 1767 and 1770, as Charles Germain between 1770 and 1785, and as The Viscount Sackville between 1785 and 1815, was a British peer, courtier and Tory politician. He served as Master of the Horse between 1821 and 1827 and again briefly in 1835.

Background[edit]

Born Charles Sackville, he was the eldest son of Lord George Sackville. His father changed the family surname to Germain in 1770 and was created Viscount Sackville in 1782. Dorset re-incorporated the former surname as a double-barrelled one later in life.

Career[edit]

Drayton House

Germain succeeded his father in the viscountcy in 1785, inheriting Drayton House. In 1815 he also succeeded his cousin in the dukedom of Dorset. In 1821 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Master of the Horse under Lord Liverpool.[1] Serving in that office until 1827 and again briefly under Sir Robert Peel from January[2] to April 1835, he was also appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1826.[3]

Death and memorial[edit]

Dorset died unmarried and childless in 1843 and his titles, a viscountcy and dukedom, became extinct. His memorial is in St Peter's Church, Lowick, Northamptonshire — a black lettering-etched white marble chest-tomb by Richard Westmacott, large draped mantle, coronet on cushion with a human-size angel seated alongside, its only coloured feature is its shield.

Estates[edit]

Drawing of Drayton House as it was during the time of the 5th Duke of Dorset. It appears little-altered today. Its descent through generations of the same family is shown on its article page.

Charles had succeeded in 1785 to the vast bulk of the parish of Lowick, including the grand 13th-century-core Drayton House, replete with three towering eagles on top of its bulky gate posts. Drayton had come into the family from Sir John Germain, 1st Baronet, who died without issue in 1718, leaving it to his wife Elizabeth Germain. On her death in 1769 Charles' father, Lord George Sackville (later created 1st Viscount Sackville), inherited the estate. He took her surname by Act of Parliament of 1770 and was seised of the additional manor of Lowick and right to nominate the parish priest (advowson) at the inclosure of the parish in 1771, when about 1,150 acres (4.7 km2) were wholly privatized to him.[4]

Charles was also dealing with five Northamptonshire manors by recovery in 1788 and 1791. He or his predecessor in the dukedom had in addition bought more modest nearby Pyels (a.k.a. Vaux) manor, Woodford, Northamptonshire between 1800 and 1843.

On his death in 1843, all the estates passed to his niece Mrs. Caroline Harriet Stopford Sackville (née Sackville) (died 1908) and had descended by 1930 into the hands of Nigel Victor Stopford Sackville, the only surviving son of her second son.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 17772". The London Gazette. 11 December 1821. p. 2405.
  2. ^ "No. 19226". The London Gazette. 2 January 1835. p. 2.
  3. ^ "No. 18216". The London Gazette. 31 January 1826. p. 212.
  4. ^ 'Parishes: Lowick', A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1930), pp. 231-243. British History Online (The University of Portsmouth and others) http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/northants/vol3/pp231-243 Accessed 17 September 2017.
  5. ^ 'Parishes: Woodford', in A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1930), pp. 255-262. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/northants/vol3/pp255-262 [accessed 17 September 2017].
Political offices
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Master of the Horse
1821–1827
Succeeded by
The Duke of Leeds
Preceded by
The Earl of Albemarle
Master of the Horse
January–April 1835
Succeeded by
The Earl of Albemarle
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
George Germain
Viscount Sackville
1785–1843
Extinct
Preceded by
George John Frederick Sackville
Duke of Dorset
1815–1843