Charles Sackville-Germain, 5th Duke of Dorset
The Duke of Dorset
Memorial to the Duke of Dorset in St Peter's Church, Lowick
|Master of the Horse|
12 December 1821 – 9 April 1827
|Prime Minister||The Earl of Liverpool|
|Preceded by||The Duke of Montrose|
|Succeeded by||The Duke of Leeds|
1 January 1835 – 8 April 1835
|Prime Minister||Sir Robert Peel, Bt|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Albemarle|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Albemarle|
|Born||27 August 1767|
|Died||29 July 1843 (aged 75)|
Charles Sackville-Germain, 5th Duke of Dorset KG PC (27 August 1767 – 29 July 1843), known as Charles Sackville between 1767 and 1770, as Charles Germain between 1770 and 1785, and as The Viscount Sackville between 1785 and 1815, was a British peer, courtier and Tory politician. He served as Master of the Horse between 1821 and 1827 and again briefly in 1835.
Born Charles Sackville, he was the eldest son of Lord George Sackville. His father changed the family surname to Germain in 1770 and was created Viscount Sackville in 1782. Dorset re-incorporated the former surname as a double-barrelled one later in life.
Germain succeeded his father in the viscountcy in 1785. In 1815 he also succeeded his cousin in the dukedom of Dorset. In 1821 he was sworn of the Privy Council and appointed Master of the Horse under Lord Liverpool. Serving in that office until 1827 and again briefly under Sir Robert Peel from January to April 1835, he was also appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1826.
Death and memorial
Dorset died unmarried and childless in 1843 and his titles, a viscountcy and dukedom, became extinct. His memorial is in St Peter's Church, Lowick, Northamptonshire — a black lettering-etched white marble chest-tomb by Richard Westmacott, large draped mantle, coronet on cushion with a human-size angel seated alongside, its only coloured feature is its shield.
The vast bulk of the parish including grand 13th-century-core Drayton House (replete with three towering eagles on top of its bulky gate posts) came into the family from Charles, Earl of Berkeley, who died without issue in 1718. It was not until 1769 that a third son of a Duke of Dorset, Lord George Sackville (later Germain) created 1st Viscount Sackville inherited; he took his later surname by Act of Parliament of 1770 and was seised of the additional manor of Lowick and right to nominate the parish priest (advowson) at the inclosure of the parish in 1771, when about 1,150 acres (4.7 km2) were wholly privatized to him.
Charles succeeded in 1785, and was dealing with five Northamptonshire manors by recovery in 1788 and 1791. At his death unmarried in 1843 Drayton House and secondary let-out manors descended to his niece Caroline Harriet described below.
Charles or his predecessor in the dukedom bought more modest nearby Pyels (a.k.a. Vaux) manor, Woodford, Northamptonshire between 1800 and 1843. On his death in 1843, it passed to his niece Mrs Caroline H. Stopford Sackville (nee Sackville) (died 1908) passed by 1930 into the hands of Cnl. Nigel Victor Stopford Sackville, the only surviving son of her second son. It passed in 1997 to descendent Charles Lionel Stopford Sackville.
- "No. 17772". The London Gazette. 11 December 1821. p. 2405.
- "No. 19226". The London Gazette. 2 January 1835. p. 2.
- "No. 18216". The London Gazette. 31 January 1826. p. 212.
- 'Parishes: Lowick', A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1930), pp. 231-243. British History Online (The University of Portsmouth and others) http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/northants/vol3/pp231-243 Accessed 17 September 2017.
- 'Parishes: Woodford', in A History of the County of Northampton: Volume 3, ed. William Page (London, 1930), pp. 255-262. British History Online http://www.british-history.ac.uk/vch/northants/vol3/pp255-262 [accessed 17 September 2017].
The Duke of Montrose
|Master of the Horse
The Duke of Leeds
The Earl of Albemarle
|Master of the Horse
The Earl of Albemarle
|Peerage of Great Britain|
George John Frederick Sackville
|Duke of Dorset
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