Charles Spencer King
After leaving school in 1942, he was first apprenticed to Rolls-Royce. He joined Rover, run by his uncles Maurice and Spencer Wilks, in 1945 and worked initially on the gas-turbine powered JET1 and T3 experimental prototypes. In 1959, he became chief engineer of new vehicle projects and is best known for his leadership of the teams that developed the advanced Rover P6 series, introduced as the 2000 in 1963, and the hugely successful Range Rover (of which a "CSK" special edition later celebrated his involvement) launched in June 1970. As well, he was responsible for the Rover-based Marauder sports car in 1950 and many Rover experimental and prototype vehicles.
As Rover was taken over by the Leyland Motor Corporation which subsequently became British Leyland (BL), he also led teams responsible for the Triumph TR6, Triumph Stag and Triumph TR7 models as well as the innovative design of the 16-valve cylinder head used on the Triumph Dolomite Sprint. Several other BL Group models were developed under his leadership but during a chaotic time for the British motor industry, King was frequently frustrated by the design compromises imposed by lack of adequate funding, and the poor quality of vehicles produced by an uncooperative workforce in the diverse and mainly outdated plants owned by the company. While chairman of BL Technology from 1979 he was responsible for developing a series of light, aerodynamic and technically advanced ECV (Energy Conservation Vehicle) experimental models (including the ECV3), features of which were incorporated into later BL Group products such as the Rover K-series engine, or adopted by other manufacturers.
Spen King retired from the company in 1985.
In 2004, he criticised SUV owners who drive their vehicles in urban areas, saying that vehicles like the Range Rover he created were "never intended as a status symbol but later incarnations of my design seem to be intended for that purpose".
Spen King and his former Rover colleague Arthur Goddard extensively shared many of their views on the motor industry in 2010. The transcript of their discussion was published in the book They Found Our Engineer in 2011.
- Brown, Annie (28 June 2004). "4x4 Drivers Are Stupid And Pompous; Mini-driving Range Rover designer raps school run cars". Scottish Daily Record & Sunday.
- Maag, Christopher (3 July 2010). "Charles S. King, Range Rover Designer, Dies at 85". Obituary. The New York Times. Retrieved 5 July 2010.
- Knapman, Chris (28 June 2010). "Range Rover creator Charles Spencer 'Spen' King: 1925-2010". Telegraph. Retrieved 29 June 2010.
- Holloway, Hilton (1996). "End of a Range of 26 Years". The Times. 17 February.
- Praagh, Anna van (2004). "4x4s are dangerous, ugly and driven by idiots... I know, I invented them". Mail on Sunday. 27 June.
- (2003). "Rover went radical with sensational P6". Western Daily News. 2 January.
- Whisler, Timothy (1999). The British Motor Industry 1945-1994. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- "They Found Our Engineer", Michael Bishop, AuthorHouse UK Ltd, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4567-7758-6