Charles Sreeve Peterson
|Charles Sreeve Peterson|
|Utah Territorial Legislature|
|Born||July 28, 1818|
Mount Holly, New Jersey
|Died||September 26, 1889|
Mary Ann Patten
Charles Sreeve Peterson (July 28, 1818 – September 26, 1889) was an early Mormon leader who was the first settler of Utah's Morgan Valley, a member of the Utah Territorial Legislature, and one of the first settlers in the Mormon colonies in Mexico.
Peterson was born to a poor family in Mount Holly, New Jersey. One of ten children, he went to work at age 10 to help support the family, hauling brick at a kiln during the summers and chopping wood with his father in the winters. At age 14, he apprenticed as a blacksmith.
On the night of November 12, 1833, one of the more spectacular Leonid meteor showers on record (dubbed the "Falling Stars Phenomenon") hit the East Coast of the United States. In the middle of the night, Peterson woke to mobs screaming the end of the world was at hand. Similar scenes played out up and down the Eastern Seaboard. But instead of rushing to the nearest church like most people, Peterson, who was not religious at the time—he later described himself as "almost an infidel"—went back to bed.
At age 17, Peterson went to work on a farm, where he attended some school. While at school, he met his future wife, Ann Dennis.
Marriage and family
Peterson and his wife moved to Sreeveville, New Jersey, where he worked on a farm near town. He recalled that he "did not have an enemy that I knew of, and was respected by everyone that knew me, as an honest, respectable man with a reasonable amount of intelligence." At the age of 24, Peterson hauled coal for a man in Burlington who told him "of a strange people, whom he had just visited in Illinois." The man had been converted to their faith. He provided Peterson with a pamphlet from the group, the Mormons. That night, Peterson read the pamphlet aloud while his wife sewed. They were both convinced to join the religion. He later recalled that after joining "all turned against me, and I was ridiculed, called a fool and shunned by nearly everyone." His employer even staged an intervention, where he was told to leave the religion or lose his employment. Peterson chose the latter.
The family determined to join the Latter Day Saints in Nauvoo. On the way, they met short-lived leader John C. Bennett on a steamboat in Ohio, who warned Peterson that Joseph Smith would take his wife as soon as he arrived.
Once in Nauvoo, Charles found work with William Law, breaking hemp for one cent a day. He eventually found more-lucrative employment in a lead mine in Galena, Illinois, about 150 miles to the north. This new job required him to leave his family in Nauvoo. When he returned to Nauvoo for good in the Spring of 1844, he joined the Nauvoo Legion.
On September 12, 1844, Ann died at age 26, leaving him with 4 small children, six years and under. Charles was also 26. Stricken by grief, Peterson wondered how he could look after the children and continue to provide them a living, which included working most of the day and fishing at night. Brigham Young suggested something Peterson had not thought of: "Hunt another wife."
On March 22, 1845, Charles married Mary Ann Patten, a 23-year-old from rural Pennsylvania. They eventually had three children together. In 1849, he began practicing plural marriage when he married Mary's younger half-sister, Ann, in Iowa. They eventually had 11 children together.
The Petersons were driven from Nauvoo with the rest of the Mormons in 1846. Charles gave his team and wagon to the first company of pioneers and stayed behind to put his blacksmithing skills to work making more wagons. Finally, in 1849 Charles and his family crossed the plains. In 1852 they settled in Alpine, Utah, where he served as that settlement's first leader.
In 1855, Charles and his families moved to Morgan Valley in northern Utah. Unlike most other Utah settlements at the time, Charles wasn't sent by Brigham Young to begin a new community. Instead, he was persuaded by Thomas Jefferson Thurston, who had discovered the valley a short time earlier. Brigham Young later encouraged others to settle there as well.
The Petersons were the first settlers in the valley, which is surrounded on all sides by steep mountains. To get their wagons into the valley, Peterson and his sons dug and graded a new road through a narrow entrance to Weber Canyon known as "Devil's Gate". In 1846, early adopters of the Hastings Cutoff had used the same entrance only in reverse, as an exit on their way from Fort Bridger to California. Passing through was so difficult that Hastings advised the Donner Party to avoid it in the hope of saving time. However, their alternate route through Emigration Canyon slowed them down even more. The Transcontinental Railroad later came through Weber Canyon.
A few other families soon joined the Petersons, and the first white child born in Morgan County was born in a cabin built in 1857 by Charles' oldest son, George Henry. Their settlement became a town called Weber City, and was later renamed to Peterson in honor of Peterson. In 1861, Charles became the Bishop over the settlement. The Utah Territorial Legislature appointed him probate judge. He also served as the postmaster and operated a tannery and a blacksmith shop in the town.
When the Legislature made the valley its own county in 1862, Peterson organized the county court. He served as a representative in the Legislature from 1864 to 1866. In the Spring of 1870, he married another wife, Margaret Crispin, who bore him three children. Two years later, he married Mary Thompson, who bore him 10 children.
In his early sixties, Peterson moved to Fielding, Utah, in the hope of setting up a large farming operation for his families. When none of them liked the area, he joined two of his oldest sons in Mesa, Arizona, to scout for a new site. He moved his families to Mesa in August 1883.
Mormon colonies in Mexico
In 1884, David K. Udall and a few others were indicted in Arizona for unlawful cohabitation. As pressure mounted from the recently passed Edmunds Act, Peterson went to Mexico with Brigham Young, Jr., and others to negotiate land purchases for Mormon settlers in Mexico with the Mexican government and the Yaqui tribe. When Udall was convicted on perjury charges the next year (after serving three months in federal prison, he was granted a full pardon by Grover Cleveland), Charles moved with his families to Mexico. They returned to Mesa two years later, where Charles died in 1889 at the age of 71.
- Peterson's fourth great-grandfather, Samuel Peterson, was an original settler of Wilmington, Delaware
- Peterson's son, Hyrum Smith Peterson, was the first Mesa, Arizona, law enforcement officer killed in the line of duty when he was shot by two thieves on November 12, 1913
- "The Settlements of Morgan County". Morgan County Utah Historical Society. . Accessed 23 April 2007.
- Jemison, T. Housel. A Prophet Among You. Pacific Press Publishing Association. Oshawa, Ontario, Canada. 1955. pp. 173-74. See also "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-06-27. Retrieved 2007-04-23. .
- "A Sketch of the Life and Labors of Charles Sreeve Peterson". familysearch.org. . Accessed 19 September 2014.
- Alexander, Thomas G. "The Hastings Cutoff". Utah, The Right Place. Utah History to Go. historytogo.Utah.gov. See . Accessed 25 April 2007.
- "Interesting Facts". Morgan Historical Society. morganhistoricalsociety.com. See . Accessed 25 April 2007.
- The child was a boy, Charles Russell Stevens. The cabin was moved to Morgan City in 1931 and has been preserved by the Daughters of Utah Pioneers. The cabin is at 48 South State Street in Morgan, Utah.
- Papanikolas, Helen. Peoples of Utah. Utah State Historical Society, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1976, p. 170.
- Seymour was a town 10 miles south of Wickenburg. It was established June 20, 1879, and discontinued around 1883. It was situated on the shore of the Hassayampa River opposite a stamping mill set up by James Seymour of New York. Town residents scattered after the mill shut down in 1879-80. See https://books.google.com/books?id=Hf97Akn8l9kC&printsec=frontcover
- Whitney, Orson F. Life of Heber C. Kimball: An Apostle, the Father and Founder of the British Mission. Kimball Family, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1888, p. 518. Kimball was the son of Heber C. Kimball, uncle of Spencer W. Kimball, and great-grandfather of Quentin L. Cook. He was one of the young men who helped carry the Martin Handcart Company across the Sweetwater River.
- "In Memory Of . . ." Arizona Cops. Winter 2006. Volume 6, Issue 4, p. 11.