Charles Sumner (bishop)
|Bishop of Winchester|
Portrait by Sir Martin Archer Shee, 1833
|Province||Province of Canterbury|
|Diocese||Diocese of Winchester|
|Birth name||Charles Richard Sumner|
|Born||22 November 1790|
|Died||15 August 1874 (aged 83)|
|Denomination||Church of England|
|Alma mater||Eton College |
Trinity College, Cambridge
Sumner was educated at Eton College and Trinity College, Cambridge and graduated Bachelor of Arts (BA) in 1814 and Cambridge Master of Arts (MA) in 1817. After ordination he ministered for the two winters of 1814–1816 to the English congregation in Geneva. From 1816 to 1821 he was curate of Highclere, Hampshire. In 1820, George IV wished to appoint him as a canon of Windsor, but the prime minister, Robert Jenkinson, 2nd Earl of Liverpool, objected; Sumner received instead a royal chaplaincy and librarianship. Other preferments quickly followed; in 1826 he was consecrated Bishop of Llandaff (at that point the Bishop of Llandaff was also Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, London) and in 1827 Bishop of Winchester. In 1869 he resigned his seat, but continued to live at the official residence in Farnham until his death on 15 August 1874.
Though Evangelical in his views he did not confine his patronage to that school.
Sumner published a number of charges and sermons and The Ministerial Character of Christ Practically Considered (London, 1824). He also edited and translated John Milton's De doctrina christiana, which was found in the State Paper office in 1823, and formed the text of Macaulay's famous essay on Milton.
Sumner married Jennie Fanny Barnabine Maunoir (23 February 1794 – 3 September 1849) and had seven children, including:
- Louisanna Sumner (1817-1899), who married the Rev. William Gibson, Rector of Fawley, Hampshire, and had eleven children including:
- Sophia Albertina Sumner (1823-1884), married the Rev. William Henry Ridley
- George Henry Sumner (1824-1909), Bishop of Guildford, whose wife Mary founded the Mothers' Union
- Emily Sarah Frances Sumner (1832-1926), who married Robert Newman Milford (1829–1913), Rector of East Knoyle, Wiltshire and canon of Salisbury Cathedral, whose children included Sir Humphrey Sumner Milford, a publisher at Oxford University Press
- Alan George Sumner Gibson, Coadjutor Bishop of Cape Town from 1894
- Edward J. Davies, "Some Connections of the Birds of Warwickshire", The Genealogist, 26 (2012):58–76.
- "Sumner, Charles Richard (SMNR810CR)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Chisholm 1911.
- Blain, Michael (2007). The Canterbury Association (1848–1852): A Study of Its Members' Connections (PDF). Christchurch: Project Canterbury. pp. 77–78. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Courtney 1898, p. 167-168.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- ‘GIBSON, Rt. Rev. Alan George Sumner’, Who Was Who, A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 1920–2007; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007 accessed 19 Jan 2014
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Courtney, William Prideaux (1898). "Sumner, Charles Richard". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co. pp. 165–168.; Endnotes:
- A Life of Sumner was published by his son, George Henry Sumner, in 1876
- cf. Le Neve's Fasti, i. 49, ii. 257, 317, 429, iii. 21, 81
- Stapylton's Eton Lists, p. 42
- Lady Granville's Letters, i. 255
- Burke's Landed Gentry
- Foster's Alumni Oxon.
- Gent. Mag. 1802 ii. 1066, 1847 i. 108
- Times, 17 and 18 Aug 1874
- Guardian, 19 and 26 Aug 1874
- Pennington's Recollections, pp. 149–65
- Ashwell and Wilberforce's Bishop Wilberforce, i. 65–82, 103–4, 150, 160, 263–4, 317, 401, ii. 248, iii. 61–2
- Lucas's Bernard Barton, pp. 108–9, 161
- information from Mr. W. Aldis Wright
|Church of England titles|
William Van Mildert
| Bishop of Llandaff
and Dean of St Paul's
| Bishop of Winchester