Charles T. Menoher

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Charles T. Menoher
Charles T Menoher.jpg
Major General Charles T. Menoher
Born (1862-03-20)March 20, 1862
Johnstown, Pennsylvania
Died August 11, 1930(1930-08-11) (aged 68)
Washington, D.C.
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1886–1926
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Commands held 42nd Infantry Division
VI Corps
US Army Air Service
Hawaiian Department
IX Corps
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Distinguished Service Medal

Major General Charles Thomas Menoher (March 20, 1862 – August 11, 1930) was a U.S. Army general, first Chief of the United States Army Air Service from 1918–1921, and commanded the U.S. Army Hawaiian Department from 1924–1925.

Early life[edit]

The son of a Civil War veteran, Menoher was born in Johnstown, Pennsylvania in 1862 and graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York in 1886 with a commission as an artillery officer.[1]

Military career[edit]

He later graduated from the Army War College and was selected for the original General Staff Corps, where he served from 1903–1907. He was commander of the 5th Field Artillery Regiment from 1916–1917.[2]

Portrait of Charles T. Menoher

After being promoted to brigadier general in August 1917, Menoher commanded the Rainbow Division in France during World War I, participating in the Champagne-Marne offensive and in the successful Allied offensives of Saint Mihiel and Meuse-Argonne. Menoher was succeeded by General Douglas MacArthur in this position.[3] At war's end, Menoher commanded the VI Corps (United States)[3] and received the Distinguished Service Medal,[4] along with foreign awards from France, Belgium, and Italy.[3]

Following World War I, Menoher became first Director and then Chief of Air Service, where he began a famous (and ultimately losing) conflict with his Assistant Chief, Brigadier General Billy Mitchell.[5] He was promoted to major general in March 1921. Requesting an assignment with troops, Menoher then took command of the Hawaiian Division in 1922 before taking over the entire Hawaiian Department. After this, he commanded the IX Corps Area in San Francisco until his mandatory retirement on March 20, 1926.[2]

Personal life[edit]

He married Nannie Pearson. They had four sons: Charles, Pearson, Darrow, and William.[2][3] His three youngest sons all graduated from West Point, and served in the Army during World War II. Pearson (1892–1958), a classmate of Dwight D. Eisenhower, reached the rank of Major General during the Korean War.[citation needed]

Menoher later married Elizabeth Painter.[3]

Death and legacy[edit]

He died on August 11, 1930.[2] He is buried in Arlington National Cemetery.[6]

Menoher Boulevard in Johnstown, Pennsylvania is named after him.[citation needed]

Dates of rank[edit]

Insignia Rank Component Date
None Cadet United States Military Academy 1 July 1882
None in 1888 Second Lieutenant Regular Army 1 July 1886
US-O2 insignia.svg
First Lieutenant Regular Army 23 December 1892
US-O3 insignia.svg
Captain Regular Army 2 February 1901
US-O4 insignia.svg
Major Regular Army 25 January 1907
US-O5 insignia.svg
Lieutenant Colonel Regular Army 26 May 1911
US-O6 insignia.svg
Colonel Regular Army 1 July 1916
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier General National Army 5 August 1917
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General National Army 28 November 1917
US-O7 insignia.svg
Brigadier General Regular Army 7 November 1918
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General Temporary 3 July 1920
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General Regular Army 8 March 1921
US-O8 insignia.svg
Major General Retired List 20 March 1926



 This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "[1]".

  1. ^ Davis Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 267. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151.
  2. ^ a b c d Davis Jr., Henry Blaine (1998). Generals in Khaki. Pentland Press, Inc. p. 268. ISBN 1571970886. OCLC 40298151.
  3. ^ a b c d e Who Was Who in American History – the Military. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1975. p. 380. ISBN 0837932017.
  4. ^ "Valor awards for Charles Thomas Menoher".
  5. ^ Clodfelter, Mark A. , 'Molding Air Power Convictions: Development and Legacy of William Mitchell's Strategic Thought', in Melinger, Phillip S. ed., The Paths of Heaven: The Evolution of Air Power Theory, Alabama, Air University Press, 1997, 79–114, p.91
  6. ^ Patterson, Michael Robert. "Charles Thomas Menoher, Major General, United States Army".
  7. ^ Official Register of Commissioned Officers of the United States Army. 1927. pg. 772.

External links[edit]