Charles T. Saxton
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Charles Terry Saxton (July 2, 1846 in Clyde, Wayne County, New York – October 23, 1903 in Rochester, Monroe County, New York) was an American lawyer and a Republican politician from New York.
Life and politics
He was the son of Daniel Saxton and Eliza A. Saxton. He was educated at the Clyde High School. He was a member of the Young Men's Debating Club in Cortland (which later became the Delphic Fraternity.)
In 1861, he joined the 19th Regiment of New York Volunteers, and finished the American Civil War as a major. He fought in the Red River Campaign and in the Battle of Port Hudson. Afterwards he studied law and was admitted to the bar. He was a Justice of the Peace, and President of the Village of Clyde.
He was an alternate delegate to the 1884 Republican National Convention, and a delegate to the 1900 Republican National Convention.
He was a member of the New York State Assembly (Wayne Co., 1st D.) in 1887, 1888 and 1889. In 1888, as Chairman of the Judiciary Committee, he took charge of the Ballot Reform Bill and secured its passage in both Assembly and Senate, but it was vetoed by Gov. David B. Hill. The next year, he had the bill passed again, but it was vetoed again by Hill.
He was a member of the New York State Senate from 1890 to 1894, sitting in the 113th, 114th, 115th, 116th (all four 28th D.) and 117th New York State Legislatures (26th D.); and was President pro tempore in 1894. In 1890, considering the governor's objections, he made a few changes to the Ballot Reform Bill and had it passed again, and it was finally enacted. He also was largely instrumental for the Electric Execution Bill to be passed and enacted. In 1891, he was appointed Chancellor of Union College, and the College awarded him the honorary degree of LL.D.
In the session of 1892, he made a strong but unsuccessful fight against the re-apportionment of the state, and for his refusal to vote on an enumeration bill (voting reapportionment) he and two other senators were declared guilty of contempt by Lt. Gov. William F. Sheehan and their names taken from the roll. But they were supported by the judiciary committee in their position, were purged of contempt and their names restored. 
He was the Lieutenant Governor of New York from 1895 to 1896, elected on the Republican ticket with Levi P. Morton at the New York state election, 1894. On November 19, 1896, his wife Helen M. Saxton died at Clyde.
On March 30, 1897, he was appointed one of the first judges of the New York Court of Claims, to take office on January 1, 1898, for a six-year term. Until the end of 1897, this body had been the Board of Claims, with three commissioners. He was chosen Chief Judge, and died in office.
Because of his failing health, he went in late 1903 to Clifton Springs, New York, but did not get better. After several weeks, he entered the City Hospital at Rochester, and died a week later.
- ^ ""Senators in Contempt"" (PDF). Timesmachine.nytimes.com. 1892-01-15. Retrieved 2022-03-06.
- ^ "The Argus Almanac: A Political and Financial Annual". Books.google.com. 1889.
- His career, in NYT on September 19, 1894 (giving birthdate erroneously as July 25)
- His wife's death notice in NYT on November 20, 1896
- Appointed to the Court of Claims. in NYT on March 31, 1897
- Obit in NYT on October 24, 1903
- "Grip's" historical souvenir of Cortland Grip's Historical Souvenir of Cortland, 1899.
- Cortland Evening Standard, Fri., April 12, 1895.
- 1846 births
- 1903 deaths
- Lieutenant Governors of New York (state)
- New York (state) Republicans
- Union Army officers
- New York (state) state court judges
- Majority leaders of the New York State Senate
- People from Clyde, New York
- Censured or reprimanded members of the New York State Legislature
- 19th-century American politicians
- 19th-century American judges