Charles Thorp

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Charles Thorp

Archdeacon Charles Thorp adjusted.jpg
Warden of the University of Durham
In office
1832–1862
Preceded byNew creation
Succeeded byGeorge Waddington
Master of University College, Durham
In office
1832–1862
Preceded byNew creation
Succeeded byJoseph Waite
Archdeacon of Durham
In office
1831–1862
Preceded byRichard Prosser
Succeeded byEdward Prest
Personal details
Born13 October 1783
Gateshead, County Durham, Great Britain
Died10 October 1862 (1862-10-11) (aged 78)
Durham, County Durham, Great Britain
Alma materPeterhouse, Cambridge, University College, Oxford
ProfessionPriest and academic

Charles Thorp, FRS (13 October 1783 – 10 October 1862)[1] was an English churchman, rector of the parish of Ryton[2] and, later, Archdeacon of Durham and the first warden of the University of Durham.

Life[edit]

He was born in Gateshead, County Durham,[3] the son of Robert Thorp, Archdeacon of Northumberland, and educated at the Royal Grammar School, Newcastle and Durham School. In 1799, he entered Peterhouse, Cambridge[4] and then University College, Oxford[5] where he graduated BA (1803) and MA (1806). He became a Fellow and Tutor at University College, Oxford, in 1806, deacon in 1806 and priest in 1807.

He then became rector of Ryton in 1811,[6] joining a prestigious group with previous rectors including Thomas Secker, later Archbishop of Canterbury. After his time as rector of Holy Cross Church, Ryton, he became Canon (1829) and then Archdeacon of Durham in 1831 and, a year later, became the first warden of the University of Durham.[7] Thorp remained heavily involved with the university, also being the first master, the most senior person in the SCR, of University College. This was a position he held until his death in Durham in 1862. He was buried at Ryton Church. He had married twice.

Achievements[edit]

Charles Thorp's life was remarkable for a number of notable achievements: Regarding education for all as necessary and empowering, he was a prime mover in introducing free education to Ryton. A committed anti-slavery campaigner, he worked with the Church Missionary Society to set up a university in Freetown, Sierra Leone, to ensure that freed slaves had access to education. An environmentalist well ahead of his time, he planted Ryton's churchyard with oak, sweet chestnut and beech treees, now in their maturity. In a similar far sighted move, he arranged for his family to buy the Farne Islands, employing a wildlife warden to protect threatened bird species. As an innovator in alleviating poverty, he set up this country's first 'penny bank', in Ryton, allowing those with small incomes to borrow at rates they could afford. [8]

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in May 1839.[9]

His name was chosen as the identity of a secondary school in West Gateshead in 2011, Charles Thorp Comprehensive School (now Thorp Academy), following the amalgamation of Hookergate School and Ryton Comprehensive School, on the site of the school he sponsored in his lifetime.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Deaths. The Times (London, England), Wednesday, 15 October 1862; pg. 1; Issue 24377
  2. ^ "Classical Victorians: Scholars, Scoundrels and Generals in Pursuit of Antiquity" Richardson,E p193: Cambridge, CUP, 2013 ISBN 978-1-107-02677-3
  3. ^ D. Watkinson, 'Thorp, Charles (1783–1862)', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Oct 2009 accessed 2 April 2017
  4. ^ Venn, John & Venn, John Archibald. Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900, Cambridge University Press Part II vol. vi p626
  5. ^ Alumni Oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886; their parentage, birthplace and year of birth, with a record of their degrees. Being the matriculation register of the University" Foster,J (Ed) Vol "Alumni Oxonienses: the members of the University of Oxford, 1715–1886; their parentage, birthplace and year of birth, with a record of their degrees. Being the matriculation register of the University" Foster,J (Ed) Vol II p1416Oxford, Parker & Co, 1888I p1607 Oxford, Parker & Co, 1888
  6. ^ "History of the Parish of Ryton, William Bourne, 1896".
  7. ^ "Archdeacon Charles Thorp, Rector of Holy Cross Church, Ryton". iSee Gateshead. Archived from the original on 7 March 2007. Retrieved 4 March 2003.
  8. ^ "Charles Thorp".
  9. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 25 October 2010.
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Richard Prosser
Archdeacon of Durham
1831–1862
Succeeded by
Edward Prest
Academic offices
New title Warden & Vice-Chancellor of the University of Durham
1832–1862
Succeeded by
George Waddington