Charles Trick Currelly

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Charles Trick Currelly
Charles T. Currelly.jpg
Born (1876-01-11)January 11, 1876
Exeter, Ontario  Canada
Died April 10, 1957(1957-04-10) (aged 81)
Baltimore, Maryland,  United States
Nationality Canadian
Occupation archeologist and museum director
Known for founding director of the Royal Ontario Museum

Charles Trick Currelly (January 11, 1876 – April 10, 1957) was a Canadian clergyman and archeologist, and the first director of the Royal Ontario Museum from 1914 to 1946.

Early life[edit]

Charles Currelly was born on January 11, 1876 in Exeter, Ontario, the son of John Currelly and Mary Treble. An only child, he attended the local school in Exeter and was known to visit the shops of the blacksmith, tanner, and wheelwright in order to study how different materials were used.[1] He was tutored by Reverend Jasper Wilson in Latin, who also taught him how to shoot.[1] Currelly's high school years at the Harbord Collegiate Institute brought his family to Toronto. During this time, Currelly participated in art lessons and nature studies. After graduating in 1894, he attended the University of Toronto's Victoria College like his father and grandfather. At Victoria College, he took biology and earth science courses in addition to Asian history and the Romance Languages. He received his B.A. in 1898.[1] After leaving university, Currelly spent the next two years serving as a lay missionary for the Methodist Church at the Umatilla Indian Reservation in Northern Manitoba.[2] During this time, he collected information on First Nations life in early Canada that was exhibited upon his return to Victoria College for postgraduate studies.[1] Currelly was awarded his master's degree from Victoria College in 1902.[2]

Archeology[edit]

After completing his master's degree, Currelly and his friend Ned Burwash, the son of Nathaniel Burwash, chancellor of Victoria University went to England planning to study how Social gospel had filtered down to the working classes. However, this plan was disrupted when Currelly stopped at the British Museum to have some coins identified.[1] After a little shawabti figure fell out of his pocket, Currelly was sent to the office of famous Egyptologist, Flinders Petrie who worked for the Egypt Exploration Fund. Petrie interviewed Currelly about his drawing skills and offered him an assistantship. Soon, Curelly was living in Petrie's home learning how to pack artifacts.[1][3] Eventually, Currelly was responsible for a dig in Egypt where he discovered the cenotaph and tomb of Ahmose I.[4] Curelly continued to work in Ehnasya, Lower Egypt, and in Sinai under Petrie until 1905, when Petrie left the Egypt Exploration Fund.[4] In 1907, Currelly also left the Fund.

While in Egypt, Currelly discovered his talent and love of collecting and began to collect for people in Britain and Canada including Edmund Walker, the father of one of his school friends. After meeting with Walker in 1905, Currelly was appointed official collector for the University of Toronto and later was given the title of curator of Oriental archaeology.[4] Currelly delved into his work, becoming more and more convinced that a good museum must be developed in Toronto [3][5]

Royal Ontario Museum[edit]

In 1906, when Edmund Walker was chairing a commission on the future of the University of Toronto, it was recommended that a museum should be constructed to serve students and the public. Soon planning for the founding of a provincial museum started under Walker's watchful eye. In 1907, Currelly was made curator of the Royal Ontario Museum of Archaeology. During 1911, Currelly started to work in the basement of the first museum building which was still under construction. Finally, in 1914, Currelly became director of the Archaeology Museum.[1][3] Throughout his life, Currelly continuously worked to advance the Museum's interests, and never stopped looking for acquisitions to compliment the Museum's collections leading them to grow enormously through the late 1910s and 1920s. When Currelly finally retired in 1946, the Museum renamed the old Armour Court the Currelly Gallery.[5]

Currelly Gallery

Later life and death[edit]

Currelly Bust

Before Currelly died, he wrote an autobiography entitled, I Brought the Ages Home. This book recounts his adventures, travels, and museum work. During his retirement Currelly lived near Port Hope, Ontario. While in Florida for a winter vacation, Curelly fell ill and was taken the Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.[2] The 81-year-old Currelly died on April 10, 1957, at the hospital where he had been receiving treatment since December.[6] On October 7, 1957 an exhibition was held at the Museum to commemorate him. The exhibition was marked by the unveiling of a bronze bust of Currelly which was cast in 1957 by the Vandevoorde Art Foundry of Montreal. The original sculpture was created in 1919 by Canadian artist Ulric Stonewall Jackson Dunbar. This bust and a bronze medallion of Currelly can still be viewed today in the Museum's Sackler Reading Room.[7]

Currelly Bronze Profile and Plaster Cast

Publications[edit]

  • Researches in the Sinai. (with Petrie) New York: E.P. Dutton, 1906
  • I Brought the Ages Home. Toronto: Ryerson Press, 1956

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Matthews, Julia (Spring 2006). "The Right Man in the Right Place at the Right Time: A Look at the Visionary who was Instrumental in Founding the ROM". Rotunda. 38 (3). 
  2. ^ a b c "Dr. Charles T. Currelly, 82 Noted Archeologist Dies". Toronto Daily Star. 12 April 1957. 
  3. ^ a b c "Some Distinguished Harbordites". Harbordite: (30). Spring 1992. 
  4. ^ a b c Dickson, Lovat (1986). The Museum Makers: The Story of the Royal Ontario Museum. Ontario: Royal Ontario Museum. ISBN 0-88854-326-3. 
  5. ^ a b "Charles T. Currelly". Royal Ontario Museum. Retrieved 7 June 2013. 
  6. ^ "Museum Founder Passes in Baltimore Hospital". Ottawa Citizen. 12 April 1957. Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  7. ^ Smith, Arthur (Spring 2009). "Commemorating a ROM Legend: Saying Goodbye to C.T. Currelly". ROM: Magazine of the Royal Ontario Museum.