Carlos, Duke of Madrid
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|Duke of Madrid|
|Carlist pretender to the Spanish throne |
as Carlos VII
|Pretendence||3 October 1868 – 18 July 1909|
|Legitimist pretender to the French throne |
as Charles XI
|Pretendence||21 November 1887 – 18 July 1909|
|Born||30 March 1848|
|Died||18 July 1909 (aged 61)|
Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma
(m. 1867; died 1893)
Berthe de Rohan
Jaime, Duke of Madrid
|Father||Juan, Count of Montizón|
|Mother||Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este|
Don Carlos, Duke of Madrid (Spanish: Carlos María de los Dolores Juan Isidro José Francisco Quirico Antonio Miguel Gabriel Rafael; 30 March 1848 – 18 July 1909) was the senior member of the House of Bourbon from 1887 until his death. He was the Carlist claimant to the throne of Spain under the name Carlos VII from 1868 (his father's Spanish abdication), and the Legitimist claimant to the throne of France under the name Charles XI after the death of his father in 1887.
Carlos was born in Ljubljana, the capital of Carniola in what is now Slovenia, the elder son of Juan, Count of Montizón and of his wife Archduchess Maria Beatrix of Austria-Este. His name in full was Carlos María de los Dolores Juan Isidro José Francisco, Quirico Antonio Miguel Gabriel Rafael. As an infant he lived with his family briefly in London where his younger brother Alfonso was born. After their father, considered too liberal for Carlist tastes, left their mother, the boys lived with her in Modena. Her brother Duke Francis V of Modena was largely responsible for the education of the boys and was the chief influence in their early lives. Carlos was known for his traditionalist views, much different from those of his father.
On 4 February 1867, at Frohsdorf in Austria, Carlos married Princess Margherita of Bourbon-Parma, daughter of Duke Charles III of Parma and of his wife, Louise Marie Thérèse of France. The couple had five children:
- Infanta Blanca of Spain (1868–1949) m in 1889 at Frohsdorf Archduke Leopold Salvator of Austria, Prince of Tuscany and had issue.
- Jaime, Duke of Madrid (1870–1931)
- Infanta Elvira of Spain (1871–1929) died unmarried (but with illegitimate issue who took the surname "de Bourbon", by artist Filippo Folchi).
- Infanta Beatriz of Spain (1874–1961) married in Venice in 1892 Fabrizio Massimo, Principe di Roviano (his mother was Donna Francesca di Paola Lucchesi-Palli, daughter of Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily and her second husband)
- Infanta Alicia of Spain (1876–1975) married (1) in 1897 Friedrich, Prince von Schönburg-Waldenburg at Venice and had issue, divorced 1903; (2) in 1906 at Viareggio, Lino del Prete and had issue.
De facto king
In January 1893 Carlos' wife, Margarita, died. The following year he decided to remarry. He consulted his mother who suggested two ladies: Princess Theresia of Liechtenstein (daughter of Prince Alfred of Liechtenstein) and Berthe de Rohan (daughter of Prince Arthur de Rohan).
Having met both ladies, Carlos decided on the latter and asked for her hand in marriage.
On 28 April 1894 Carlos and Berthe were married by Cardinal Schönborn in his private chapel in Prague. Berthe had a dominant personality, making the marriage very unpopular among Carlists. "All writers agree that this second marriage was disastrous, not only for the family of Don Carlos and for [Carlos] himself, but also for the [Carlist] party."
- Chisholm 1911.
- Jaime Del Burgo, Carlos VII y su tiempo: Leyenda y realidad (Pamplona: Gobierno de Navarra, 1994), 340.
- Del Burgo, 341
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carlos, Duke of Madrid.|
- Del Burgo, Jaime. Carlos VII y su tiempo: Leyenda y realidad. Pamplona: Gobierno de Navarra, 1994.
- "The Curé Santa Cruz and the Carlist War." Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine (1873).
- "The Spanish Pretender: Who he is and What he has Been." The New York Times (May 31, 1874).
- Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 5 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. .
Carlos, Duke of Madrid
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynastyBorn: March 30, 1848 Died: July 18, 1909
|Titles in pretence|
Juan, Count of Montizón
as Juan III of Spain and
Jean III of France
|— TITULAR —
King of Spain
October 3, 1868 – July 18, 1909
Jaime, Duke of Madrid
as Jaime III of Spain and
Jacques I of France
|— TITULAR —|
King of France and Navarre
November 21, 1887 – July 18, 1909