|Died||July 27, 1872 (aged 33–34)|
|Place of burial||Hampton National Cemetery, Hampton, Virginia|
|Unit||4th Regiment United States Colored Infantry|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Charles Veale or Veal was an African American Union Army soldier during the American Civil War and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions at the Battle of Chaffin's Farm.
Veale joined the Army in Portsmouth, Virginia, enlisting as a private in Company D of the 4th Regiment United States Colored Infantry. He was promoted to corporal on August 28, 1863. Before the war he worked as a fireman.
On September 29, 1864, his unit participated in a charge during the Battle of Chaffin's Farm on the outskirts of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. Among the charging soldiers was Sergeant Alfred B. Hilton, the bearer of two flags, one of which had been seized from a wounded sergeant. When Hilton himself was wounded, Veale and another soldier, Sergeant Major Christian Fleetwood, each grabbed a flag from him before the colors could touch the ground. Now carrying the blue regimental flag, Veale continued in the fight through heavy enemy fire. General Benjamin Butler witnessed these events and desired to promote Veale to sergeant on the spot. He was officially promoted on November 12, 1864.
For their actions during the battle, Fleetwood, Hilton, and Veale were each issued the Medal of Honor just over six months later, on April 6, 1865. He also received another medal for valor which was awarded to colored troops, the Butler Medal.
Medal of Honor citation
Although his name is spelled Veale his name was spelled "Charles Veal" on the citation.
Rank and organization: Private, Company D, 4th U.S. Colored Troops. Place and date: At Chapins Farm, Va., September 29, 1864. Entered service at: Portsmouth, Va. Birth: Portsmouth Va. Date of issue: April 6, 1865.
Seized the national colors after 2 color bearers had been shot down close to the enemy's works, and bore them through the remainder of the battle.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of American Civil War Medal of Honor recipients: T–Z
- List of African-American Medal of Honor recipients
- Melvin Claxton and Mark Puls, Uncommon valor : a story of race, patriotism, and glory in the final battles of the Civil War, (Wiley, 2006) (ISBN 0471468231)
- Hanna, Charles W. African American Recipients of the Medal of Honor: A Biographical Dictionary, Civil War through Vietnam War. McFarland, 27 Aug 2002. p53
- Jordan, Ervin L. Black Confederates and Afro-Yankees in Civil War Virginia. University of Virginia Press, 1995
- Beyer, W. F. and O.F. Keydel (eds.) (2000). Deeds of valor: How America's Civil War heroes won the Congressional Medal of Honor. New York, NY: SMITHMARK Publishers. pp. 434–435. ISBN 0-7651-1769-X.
- Coddington, Ronald S. African American Faces of the Civil War: An Album. JHU Press, 20 Aug 2012, p300
- "Civil War Medal of Honor recipients (M-Z)". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. 2004-09-01. Retrieved 2007-01-14.